5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- British Governing Policies of 1770's
- Battles of Lexington and Concord
- Marquis de Lafayette
- Olive Branch Petition
- a Parliament passed laws and taxes mainly to regulate and tax the colonies in an effort to raise revenue to help pay off debt from the French and Indian War
- b French General who helped Washington during American Revolution and later became important in French Revolution.
- c English Separatist/Puritans who founded Plymouth colony in 1620
- d Initiated by John Dickinson of the Second Continental Congress on July 8, 1775, the colonies made a final offer of peace to Britain, agreeing to be loyal to the British government if it addressed their grievances (repealed the Coercive Acts, ended the taxation without representation policies). It was rejected by Parliament, which in December 1775 passed the American Prohibitory Act forbidding all further trade with the colonies.
- e in 1775 conflicts between Massachusetts Minutemen and British soldiers that started the Revolutionary War
5 Multiple choice questions
- this document, the nations first constitution, was adopted by the second continental congress in 1781 during the revolution. the document was limited because states held most of the power, and congress lacked the power to tax, regulate trade, or control coinage. Required 9 out of 13 states to agree to pass a law.
- a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that criticized monarchies and convinced many American colonists of the need to break away from Britain
- combination of the four Coercive Acts, meant to punish the colonists after the 1773, Boston Tea Party and the unrelated Quebec Act. The Intolerable Acts were seen by American colonists as a blueprint for a British plan to deny the Americans representative government. They were the impetus for the convening of the First Continental Congress.
- A dissenter who clashed with the Massachusetts Puritans over separation of church and state and was banished in 1636, after which he founded the colony of Rhode Island to the south
- Search warrants issued by the British government. They allowed officials to search houses and ships for smuggled goods, and to enlist colonials to help them search. The writs could be used anywhere, anytime, as often as desired. The officials did not need to prove that there was reasonable cause to believe that the person subject to the search had committed a crime or might have possession of contraband before getting a writ or searching a house. The writs were protested by the colonies.
5 True/False questions
Battle of Saratoga → Last major battle of the Revolutionary War. Cornwallis and his troops were trapped in the Chesapeake Bay by the French fleet. He was sandwiched between the French navy and the American army. He surrendered October 19, 1781.
Salutary Neglect → An English policy of not strictly enforcing laws in its colonies
Proclamation of 1763 → Laws that governed trade between England and its colonies. Colonists were required to ship certain products exclusively to England. These acts made colonists very angry because they were forbidden from trading with other countries. Part of the British policy known as Mercantilism
Samuel Adams → Lawyer who defended British soldiers in the Boston Massacre trial. He believed in "innocent until proven guilty." In spite of these actions, he supported colonial independence. Would become the 2nd president of the U.S.
Valley Forge → English philosopher who advocated the idea of a "social contract" in which government powers are derived from the consent of the governed and in which the government serves the people; also said people have natural rights to life, liberty and property.