5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Baron von Steuben
- John Rolfe
- John Adams
- Navigation Acts
- Treaty of Paris, 1783
- a Laws that governed trade between England and its colonies. Colonists were required to ship certain products exclusively to England. These acts made colonists very angry because they were forbidden from trading with other countries. Part of the British policy known as Mercantilism
- b He was one of the English settlers at Jamestown (and he married Pocahontas). He discovered how to successfully grow tobacco in Virginia and cure it for export, which made Virginia an economically successful colony.
- c This treaty ended the Revolutionary War, recognized the independence of the American colonies, and granted the colonies the territory from the southern border of Canada to the northern border of Florida, and from the Atlantic coast to the Mississippi River
- d Lawyer who defended British soldiers in the Boston Massacre trial. He believed in "innocent until proven guilty." In spite of these actions, he supported colonial independence. Would become the 2nd president of the U.S.
- e Prussian soldier who helped train American forces at Valley Forge in the American Revolutionary War. Taught essential military skills such as drills, tactics, and discipline.
5 Multiple choice questions
- combination of the four Coercive Acts, meant to punish the colonists after the 1773, Boston Tea Party and the unrelated Quebec Act. The Intolerable Acts were seen by American colonists as a blueprint for a British plan to deny the Americans representative government. They were the impetus for the convening of the First Continental Congress.
- Organization founded by Samuel Adams consisting of a system of communication between patriot leaders in New England and throughout the colonies
- This document was adopted on July 4, 1776 by the Second Continental Congress. It established the 13 American colonies as independent states, free from rule by Great Britain. Thomas Jefferson wrote the majority of this document.
- A proclamation from the British government which forbade British colonists from settling west of the Appalacian Mountains, and which required any settlers already living west of the mountains to move back east.
- met in Philadelphia (1775); organized the continental Army, called on the colonies to send troops, selected George Washington to lead the army, and appointed the committee to draft the Declaration of Independence
5 True/False questions
Boston Massacre → A 1773 protest against British taxes (Tea Act) in which Boston colonists (Sons of Liberty) disguised as Mohawks dumped valuable tea into Boston Harbor. British will respond by passing the Coercive Acts.
Olive Branch Petition → Large estates of land in Virginia and the southern colonies that grew tobaco, the crop with the largest net profit. Slaves were used to work the land on which tobacco was grown.
New England Economy → Primarily consisted of ship building and fishing
Natural Rights → the idea that all humans are born with rights, which include the right to life, liberty, and property. First attributed to John Locke. Reinterpreted by Jefferson in the Declaration of Independence.
Mercantilism → an economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods than they bought