Chapter 15-17

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Aral Sea

Sea in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan that is shrinking

Baltic Republics

Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania

Banya

A bathouse where Russians perform a cleaning ritual

Caspian Sea

worlds largest lake

Caucasus

a large region between the Black and Caspian seas

Caucasus Mountains

the mountain range in Caucasia between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea that forms part of the traditional border between Europe and Asia

Central Asia

a region consisting of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan

Central Siberian Plateau

Russia's largest supply of coal

Chechnya

A republic of Russia that has experienced some of the worst violence because they wanted independence

Chernobyl

nuclear power plant in Russia that had an explosion in 1986 & released radioactive materials into the air

Chernozem

the rich black topsoil found in the North European Plain, especially in Russia and Ukraine

Cold War

A conflict that was between the US and the Soviet Union. The nations never directly confronted eachother on the battlefield but deadly threats went on for years.

Collective Farms

farms run by the government

Command Economy

An economic system in which the government controls a country's economy.

Continentality

The effect of distance from the moderating influence of the sea on climate

Czar

Russian emperors

Dacha

Russian country house

Distance Decay

the effects of distance on interaction, generally the greater the distance the less interaction

Exclave

A bounded territory that is part of a particular state but is separated from it by the territory of a different state.

Eurasia

the land mass formed by the continents of Europe and Asia

Great Game

The struggle between Great Britian and Russia to control Central Asia

Kara Kum

A desert, which has a name meaning "Black Sands," covers more than 70 percent of Turkmenistan. Which desert is it - the Gobi, the Kara Kum, or the Taklamakan desert?

Kiev

Capital of Ukraine

Kyzyl Kum

a vast desert region in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan

Lake Baikal

deepest lake in the world

Line Graph

A graph that uses line segments to show changes that occur over time

Moscow

capital of Russia

Nomads

people who wander from place to place

Northern European Plain

vast area of flat or gently rolling land from France to Russia

Pie Graph

A circle divided into sectors with each part proportional to the number of items

Privatization

To change from government or public ownership or control to private ownership or control.

Red Army

The Soviet Army during the Russian Civil War.

Runoff

Water that flows across the land and enters rivers and streams. It eventually flows into lakes and the ocean.

Russian Far East

_ _ _ the easternmost region of russia and the Republics, features a complex system of volcanic ranges

Russian Revolution

the revolution against the Czarist government which led to the abdication of Nicholas II and the creation of a provisional government in March 1917

Siberia

the part of Russia that lies on the continent of Asia

Silk Road

an ancient trade route between China and the Mediterranean (4,000 miles)

Supra

Georgian dinner party

Taiga

a forest of evergreen trees growing south of the tundra in Russia

Time Zone Map

A map that shows the world or region's time zones

Transcaucasia

A region consisting of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia

Trans-Siberian Railroad

etwork of railways connecting Moscow and European Russia with the Russian Far East provinces, Mongolia, China and the Sea of Japan.

Turan Plain

An extensive lowland in between the Caspian Sea and the mountains and uplands of Central Asia

Ural Mountains

mountain rage that divides Europe from Asia

USSR

Union of Soviet Socialist republic

Volga River

Longest River of Europe

West Siberian Plain

largest level region in the world

Yurt

a circular domed dwelling that is portable and self-supporting

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