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Bull Moose

Four footed symbol of Roosevelt's Progressive third party in 1812

Socialist

A 4th political party, led by a former labor union leader, that garnered nearly a million voted in1912

New Freedom

Woodrow Wilson's domestic policy that, promoted antitrust modification, tariff revision, and reform in banking and currency matters.

Federal Reserve Board

A 12 member agency appointed by the president to oversee the banking system under a new federal law of 1913

Federal Trade Commission

New presidentially appointed regulatory commission designed to prevent monopolies and guard against unethical trade practices

Clayton Anti-Trust Act

Wilsionian law that tried to curb business monopoly while encouraging labor and agricultural organization

Adamson Act of 1916

Wilsonian reform law that tried to curb business monopoly while encourage labor and agricultural organization

Haiti

Troubled Caribbean island nation where a president's murder led Wilson to send in the marines and assume American control of hte police and finances

ABC powers

Term for three Latin American nations whose mediation prevented war between the US and Mexico in 1914

Central Powers

in World War I the alliance of Germany and Austria-Hungary and other nations allied with them in opposing the Allies

Allies

in World War I the alliance of Great Britain and France and Russia and all the other nations that became allied with them in opposing the Central Powers

Sussex Pledge

Germany's highly conditional agreement in 1916 not to sink passenger and merchant vessels without warning

California

Key electoral state where a tiny majority for Wilson tipped hte balance against Hughes in 1916

Tampico and Vera Cruz

ports where clashes between Mexicans and American militayr forces nearly led to war in 1914

Samuel Gompers

American Federation of Labor leader who hailed the Clayton Anti-Trust Act as the Magna Carta of labor

Louis D. Brandeis

Jew appointed to supreme court by Wilson

Virgin Islands

the US purchased these islands for 25 million as protection for the Panama Canal

General Huerta

Mexican Revolutionary whose bloody regime Wilson refused to recognize and who nearly ended up fighting the US in 1914

Venustiano Carranza

Huerta's successor who took aid form US but resisted military intervention

Charles Evan Hughes

Narrowly unsuccessful presidential candidate hose campaign did not take a stand on the issue of Germany

Wilson's appeals to the public over the heads of Congress

Helped push through sweeping reforms of hte tariff and the banking system in 1913

Federal Reserve Act

Finally established an effective national banking system and a flexible money supply

Wealth Against Commonwealth

1894- Henry Demarest Lloyd wrote this book advocating free trade. (Against Standard Oil Trust)

Jacob A Riis

reporter for the New York Sun who shocked middle class America with How the Other Half Lives

Theodore Dreiser

used blunt prose to batter promoters and profiteers in The Financier and The Titan

Ida Tarbell

pioneering woman journalist who published a devastating but factual expose of the Standard Oil Company

Initiative

Procedure whereby a certain number of voters may, by petition, propose a law or constitutional amendment and have it submitted to the voters

Referendum

The name given to the political process in which the general public votes on an issue of public concern.

Recall

gave citizens a chance to remove an elected official from office before the person's term ended

Passing of an Income Tax

Passing of the 16th Amendment allowed

Established direct election of senators

Passing of the 17th Amendment allowed

Robert M. La Follete

Fighting Bob, Progressive Crusader in Wisconsin who fought against trusts, railroads, took control from crooked corporations

Muller v Oregon

Convinced court that long working hours were hard on women

Lochner v New York

Law that invalidated a law that established a ten-hour work day for Bakers

18th Amenment

Prohibition Amendment

Women's Christian Temperance Union

WCTU

Teddy's Square Deal

emphasized three Cs; control of the coorporations, consumer protection, and preservation of the natural resources

Bureau of Corporations

new member of the cabinet that probed businesses engaged in interstate commerce

Interstate Commerce Commission

Ineffective measure taken to stop railroad barons

Elkins Act

Effective railroad legislation

Hepburn Act

VERY VERY effective railraod legislation, after Elkins Act

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