Born in Spain held highest government and clergy positions (ex. church officials, viceroy, viceroy advisors)
Spanish descends born in the Americas
Lesser government and army positions mostly made up of Catholic Clergy (majority ranchers, mine workers, wealthy, and had a voice on how the colony was run)
Born of mixed Indian white parentage- lower and middle class- plationshion workers, artisans, and small merchants
Similar economically to Criollos- lower socially
Native inhabitants of the colonies
Served in encomienda -agriculture and ranching also laborers in sliver and gold mines, mostly worker for a small wedge
Rare- unskilled labor- slightly below Mestizos also worked for a small wedge
Lowest ranked- worked on sugar plantation in the Caribbean -forced to work replaced Indians of the Island
The White legend suggests that the Spanish helped the Indians. Spaniards weren't cruel empires. Indian subjects were glad to be liberated from the Aztecs. Spanish freed the Inca from Inca domination and thought Cortes just laid down the law for a new society in Mexico. The Church influence helped Indians. Christianity was a benefit to healthcare and improved Spain agriculturally.
The Black legend suggests that the Spanish were cruel conquers. They reduced the Indian population by diseases and conquest, and the Church didn't do as much as they could for Indians and Christianity was used as a way of conquest.
How Brazil differed from other colonies
Even though Brazilian society was divided into classes just like Spain and other countries the Portuguese were said to have more racial tolerance and nearly ignore class and race, unlike most that completely lived by the class system. The Portuguese came to the land with respect for the indigenous people and unconcerned about class. As a result, they we able to take over the land with less struggle. The Spaniards came into most of the land with a sense of superiority and violent domination, and in some cases had more trouble claiming land. Most countries did not have the cash crop of sugarcane like the Portuguese did. They also had black slaves work under labor, like many countries at the time. The Spanish were more run by the Catholic Church than the Portuguese, and didn't seem to be as advanced with business, loans and interest rates.