AP Human Geography Chapter 8 vocab

35 terms by Paramorechick44

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Political Geography

Study of the political organization of the world

State

politically organized territory and a population defined territory and government

Territorality

"the attempt by an individual or group to affect,influence, or control people phenomennon relationships, by delimiting& asserting control over geographic area

Sovereignty

Right of a state to deffend sovern territory againts another state

Territorial Intergrity

Right of a state to defend sovergn territory againts incurrsion from other states

Peace of Westphala

Treaties constituted this peace and concluded Europe's most destructuve internal struggle over religion

Mercantilism

General sense associated with the promotion of commercialism trade, Protectioinost policy of European states in 16th&18th century

Nation

Culturally defined group of people with a shared past and common future who relate to a territory and government

Nation-state

Politically organized area nation and state occupy the same plae

Democracy

Idea that people, natin, have ultimate say over what happens within the state

Multinational state

One or more the one nation in a border

Multistate nation

Nation stretches across borders and scorss state

Stateless nation

Another complication that arises from the lack of fit between nations and state is that some nations do not have a state

Colonialism

Imperial powers exercised ruthless control over their domains& organized them for maximum economic expolitation

Capitalism

Means that in the world economy people, corperations, states produce goods and exchange them on a world market with the goal of schieving profit

Commodification

The process of placing a price on goods then buying selling trading goods

Core

Process incorporate higher levels of educatin and salaries and technology

Periphery

Incorporates lower slaries and less technology

Semi-periphery

Core and periphery processes are both occuring

Ability

Context of political power infulene each other states ar achieve its goals through diplomatic econmic& militaristic

Centripetal

Forces that instate unify people

Centrifugal

Forces divide

Federal organization

state territory into region, substates, province or state

Devoltuion

Movement of power from the central government to regional goernments within state

Territoral respiration

House of Representitives elected from a territorially defines district

Splitting

ten districts, majority white

Majority-minority

Packed districts majority of population from minority

Gerrymandering

"redistricting for advantage:

Boundry

Vertical plane cuts through rocks below airspace above

Geometrical Boundries

drawn using grid systems as latitude or longtitude township, range, political

Physical Poltical

boundries agreed upon feature in physical geographic landscape

Heartland Theory

Theory was little to foretell the rise of a super power in the heartland

Critical Geopolitics

Intellectuals of state craft with constant ideas about place, and ideas that reinforcce political behaviors

Unilateralism

U.S. position of a hard power dominance with allies rather the U.S, joining

Supranational Ogranization

Seperate enitity compound of three or more sates forge an association form an adminisrtative for mutual benefit

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