Medical Terminology Ch 5 , The Cardiovascular System

Created by lori_bowman 

Upgrade to
remove ads

70 terms · The Cardiovascular System, Chapter 5 Medical Terminology, Ehrilich, Sixth Addition

tachycardia

rapid heart

bradycardia

slow heart

angina

episodes of severe chest pains due to insufficient flow of blood to other myocardium

angitis

(vasculitis) inflammation of blood or lymph vessels

cardiomegaly

enlargement of the heart

varicose veins

abnormally swollen veins

arteriosclerosis

hardening of the arteries

embolus

a foreign object such as a blood clot, quantity of air circulating on blood.

vascular surgeon

specializes in the diagnosis, medical management, surgical treatment of disorders of blood vessels

carditis

inflammation of the heart

bacterial endocarditis

inflammation of the lining or valves of the heart

phlebitis

inflammation of the vein

endocarditis

inflammation of the inner lining of the heart

artiarrhythmic

medication administered to control irregularities of the heartbeat

myocardial infarction

heart attack

angiostenosis

abnormal narrowing of a blood vessel

pericarditis

inflammation of the pericardium that causes an accumulation of fluid within the pericardial sac

ACE Inhibitor

blocks the action of the enzyme that causes the blood vessels to contract resulting in hypertension

Anemia

a deficiency of red blood cells

Aneurysm

the balooning out of an artery wall at a point where it has grown weak

angioplasty

an operation to repair a damaged blood vessel or unblock a coronary artery

Anticoagulant

slows coagulation and prevents new clots from forming

aplastic Anemia

severe form of anemia that is characterized by a an absence of ALL formed blood elements. Caused by the failure of blood cell production in bone marrow.

arrhythmia

Abnormal heart rhythm

atherectomy

surgical removal of plaque buildup from the interior of an artery

atheroma

a deposit of plaque on or within the arterial wall

atherosclerosis

hardening and narrowing of the arteries caused by a buildup of cholesterol plaque on the interior walls of the arteries

artrial fibrillation

known as fib, occurs when the normal rhythmic contractions of the atria are replaced by twithching of the miscular wall

automated external defibrillator

AED: portable automatic device used to restore normal heart rhythm to patients in cardiac arrest. Designed for use by non-professionals in an emergency situation.

beta-blocker

reduces the workload of the heart by slowing the rate of the heart beat

blood dyscrasia

abnormal or pathologic condition of the blood

Cardiac Arrest

cessation of heart activity

Cardiac catheterization

procedure where a catheter is inserted into a vein or artery and guided into the heart; may be used for diagnosis of blockages or treatment

Cardiomyopathy

the term used to describe all diseases of the heart muscle

carotid endarterectomy

the surgical removal of the lining of a portion of a clogged carotid artery leading to the brain

cholesterol

a fatty substance that travels through the blood and is found in all parts of the body. Aids in the production of cell membranes.

Chronic Venous insufficiency

a condition in which venous circulation is inadequate due to partial vein blockage or leakage of venous valves

coronary Thrombosis

obstruction of blood flow in a coronary artery by a blood clot (thrombus)

defibrillation

(cardioversion) The use of electrical shock to restore the heart's normal rhythm

diuretic

a drug that causes the body to lose fluids; not effective for loss of body fat

electrocardiogram

a record of the electrical activity of the heart that, if abnormal, may indicate heart disease

embolism

the sudden blockage of a blood vessel by an embolus

erythrocytes

Red blood cells

hemoglobin

Iron-containing protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen for delivery to cells

hemolytic anemia

anemia resulting from destruction of erythrocytes

hemostasis

to stop or control bleeding

ischemic heart disease

group of cardiac disabilities resulting from an insufficient supply of oxygenated blood to the heart

leukemia

Cancer characterized by an increase in abnormal white blood cells

leukocytes

white blood cells

leukopenia

an abnormal lowering of the white blood cell count

megaloblastic anemia

a blood disorder characterized by anemia in which the red blood cells are larger than normal

myelodysplastic syndrome

a group of bone marrow disorders that are characterized by the insufficient production of one or more types of blood cells due to dysfunction of the bone marrow

orthostatic hypertension

a sudden drop in blood pressure when rising to sit or stand.

paroxysmal atrial tachycardia

rapid contractions of the atria that begins and ends suddenly

pericardium

a double-layered serous membrane that surrounds the heart

pernicious anemia

lack of mature erythrocytes caused by inability to absorb vitamin B12 into the body

phlebitis

inflammation of a vein

raynaud's phenomenon

a peripheral arterial occlusive disease in which intermittent attacks are triggered by cold or stress.

septicemia

infection in the blood

sickle cell anemia

a genetic disorder in which erythroctyes take on an abnormal curved or "sickle" shape

thallium stress test

Test performed to evaluate how well blood flows through the coronary arteries of the heart muscle during exercise

thrombocytopenia

a bleeding disorder characterized by an abnormal decrease in the number of platelets in the blood, which impairs the clotting process

thrombolytic

dissolves an existing thrombus (clot) when administered soon after its occurence (Abbokinase, Activase, Eminase, Kabikinase, Streptase)

thrombosis

An abnormal condition in which a clot develops in a blood vessel

thrombotic occlusion

Blocking of an artery by a thrombus

thrombus

a blood clot formed within a blood vessel and remaining attached to its place of origin

transfusion reaction

reaction of the body to a transfusion of blood that is not compatible with its own blood

valvulitis

inflammation of a valve (especially of a cardiac valve as a consequence of rheumatic fever)

ventricular fibrillation

the rapid, irregular, and useless contractions of the ventricles

ventricular tachycardia

a very rapid heartbeat that begins within the ventricles

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set