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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Oogenesis
  2. Metaphase
  3. Vulva
  4. Anaphase II
  5. Acrosome
  1. a - chromosomes align
  2. b - sister chromatids are pulled to opposite poles by the spindle fibers
  3. c - cap-like structure, over the anterior half of mature sperm's head
    - derived from Golgi apparatus
    - contains enzymes to penetrate the tough outer covering of the ovum
    - once in contact with ovum cell membrane, sperm forms a tubelike structure called the acrosomal process
    - acrosomal process extends and fuses with ovum and enters the ovum's cytoplasm
  4. d - production of female gametes
    - occurs in the ovarian follicles
    - one primary oocyte completes meiosis I per month after menarche
    - yields two secondary oocyte and a polar body
    - secondary oocyte is expelled from the follicle during ovulation
    - meiosis II doesn't occur till fertilization
  5. e - external female genitalia

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. - site of fetal development
  2. - four stages: G₁, S, G₂ and M
    - interphase: first three stages
    - mitosis includes the actual cell division
  3. - site of sperm deposition during intercourse
    - passageway through which a baby is expelled during childbirth
  4. - happens at the end of telophase
    - cytoplasm divides into two daughter cells
    - in animal cells, a cleavage furrow forms, cell membrane indents along the equator of the cell and cell split
  5. - only occurs in the sex cells
    - meiosis I produces two intermediate daughter cells
    - meiosis II is similar to mitosis, it separates sister chromatids and results in four genetically distinct haploid gametes

5 True/False questions

  1. Zona Pellucida- male: testes
    - female: ovaries


  2. Cervixchromosome consisting of two sister chromatids


  3. Homologous Chromosomeschromosomes that code for the same trait, one inherited from each parent


  4. Seminal Fluid- mixed with sperm, aids in sperm transport by lubricating passageways
    - semen: sperm + seminal fluid
    - produced by:
    a) seminal vesicles: fructose-rich fluid, serves as energy source
    b) prostate gland: alkaline milky fluid to protect from acidic environment in female's reproductive tract
    c) bulbourethral glands: small amount of viscous fluid, function unknown


  5. Fertilization- the regrowth of a lost or injured body part
    - replacement of cells occurs by mitosis
    - ex: hydra and starfish
    - in higher animals, regeneration is usually limited to the healing of tissues
    - some internal organs (liver) can regenerate considerably as long as part of the organ remains viable


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