why did england prize its colonies in North America?
supply of food and raw materials, bought english goods
what happened in England in 1640 and why was it important?
english civil war. england left the colonies alone.
who was involved in the enlgish civil war?
king charles I and parliament
what was the cause of the english civil war?
king charles demanded money from tows and cities without parliament's consent. and parliament thought he was trying to take away the powers of parliament and property owners
what happened to king charles I?
he was executed in january 1649
who governed england after king charles I?
oliver cromwell (strict puritan) until his deat in 1658. in 1660, king charles II was made king.
the more gold and silver a country has, the wealthier it will be.
the difference in value between imports and exports (exports>imports)
balance of trade
what tightened english control over colonial trade? how?
the navigation act. each colony had to sell certain goods only to england, had to pay a tax to england to sell to other countries.
taxes paid by the colonists to sell goods to countries other than england
how did mercantilism change relations between european countries?
they fought over territory and trade routes rather than religion
what was the dominion of england?
king james II's attempt to take control over new york and the new england colonies by abolishing colonial legislatures and replacing them with a governor and council appointed by king james II
governor of the dominion?
where was the dominon headquarters?
what did edmund andos do to the colonists?
collected taxes without the approval of king or colonists, demanded payment of annual land tax, declared policy of religious tolerance
what worried members of parliament about king james II, and what did they do about it?
he was catholic, they worried he would undermine the church of england, which was protestant. they replaced him with his protestant daughter, mary, and her husband william of orange
the change in rulers from king james II to william and mary
what prompted william and mary to dissolve the dominion?
new england colonists rebellion over the andros government (imprisoned the governor and his associates)
what did william and mary change about massachusettes?
the created a charter allowing the king to appoint a royal governor
great britain is made up of....?
england and scotland
why were british colonies allowed to govern themselves?
strong local government and weak central power, government lacked resources to enforce its wishes, colonists recognized british authority without being forced to
why did britain feel that the most beneficial policy was to neglect their colonies?
the existing economy and politics of the colonies already served british interests
sbritish colonial policy during the 1700s
crops that are in constant demand
staple crop in north carolina and virginia?
staple crop in south carolina and georgia?
what were the sothern colonies made of?
what were the middle colonies made of?
farming and commerce
phlidelphia was the major port of entry for...?
german and scot-irish indentured servants
what was different about the colonies of new york and pennsylvania?
what were the new england colonies made of?
small farms and towns dependant on long distance trade
what was different about the major towns in the new england colonies?
they did not rely heavily on local crops for their commerce
carry crops and goods from one place to another
trade between americas, europe and africa
franklin's home city and destination?
boston and philly
what did ben franklin create?
what did the 13 virtues include?
temperance, frugality, and industry
were wealth and could hire people to work for them
colonial term for gentry class
english colonists used this to determine wealth
owned several plantations in virginia and published a diary
under legal contract to work for a person and learn a trade
tradespeople who produced goods
respectable members of society who gathered and circulated news
arrested for printing false stories criticizing new york, but won the case
john peter zenger
published poor richards almanac and several magazines and newspapers
contains info such as calendars, weather predictions, wise sayings and advice
had rputations for being tough, thrifty and conservative
status of colonial women was determined by...?
men in their life
how did common law treat women?
they were under their husband's control
wrote commentaries on the laws of england
easiest place to get divorced?
what was difference about school attendance?
not required by law
colonies that developed public education and why
new england, to interpret the bible
massachusettes law about school
50 or more families, hire a schoolteacher. 100 or more, create a grammar school teaching greek and latin
colleges were training grounds for...?
ministers and lawyers
an african who told his story of being captured for slavery
passage from africa to america
how many africans on a slave ship died on the voyage?
10 to 40
how often did rebellions occur in the british slave trade?
every two years
most african slaves ended up...?
in the west indies
describe life for slaves in south carolina and georgia
brutal conditions; growing crops took a lot of time; majority of population; kept cultures because of lack of interaction; strong family networks
was family important to enslaved africans?
yes they often created substitute kins when separated from their families.
life for slaves in virginia and maryland?
variety of tasks; minority of population; born in the americas; integration of african and european culture; encouraged to raise family
slavery in the new england and middle colonies
few slaves (50,000 compared to 400,000); chose occupations
laws regarding freeing slaves
most prohibited it; owners had to get permission to free their slaves; some had to leave within six months of gaining freedom
who was better off economically, free africans or enslaved africans?
enslaved african americans
several dozen slaves near charleston killed more than 20 whites in 1739
what enabled large families to prosper?
inexpensive land and low taxes
what did large families do to the population?
increased it. it doubled ever 25 years
what raised tensions between colonists and french/native americans?
their desire for more land
what disturbed the french about the colonists quest for land?
their expansion of trading posts in the ohio valley
what special area did the french and english colonists fight over?
the forks of the ohio river because the controller could dominate the entire region
religions of british colonies
religion of southern planters, northern merchants, and northern professionals
church of england
religion of newenglanders
congregationalists or presbyterians
revival of religious feeling
minister from mass. who is said to have sparked the beginning of the great awakening
minister who toured the colonies
traveling preachers were called
what faith did many new england colonists switch to after the great awakening?
difference of opinion
became popular in the southern colonies after the great awakening
baptist and methodist curches