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Appendicitis

caused by an obstruction and/or infection

Appendicitis

S/S is generalized abdominal pain; N & V, pyrexia, elevated WBC

Appendicitis

Tx is an appendectomy

Cirrhosis

is a chronic destruction of the liver cells

Cirrhosis

a cause is hepatitis, bile duct dz; chemical toxins and malnutrition

Cirrhosis

tx for the dz is alcohol avoidance; proper nutrition, getting plenty of rest

Cirrhosis

s/s are liver enlragement; anemia; indigstion, N & V; epistaxis and jaundice

Constipation

causes are poor bowel habits; chronic laxative use; certain digestive dzs

Constipation

some s/s are abdominal pain and cramping, and inability to defecate.

Constipation

txs are diet high in fiber; adequate water intake and exercise regularly and enemas.

Diarrhea

this condition is characterized by frequent watery stools

Diarrhea

this condition is caused by infection, stress, diet, and irritated cooon and toxic substances.

Diarrhea

s/s of this dz are abdominal cramping generalized weakiness

Diarrhea

txs for this condition is eliminate the cause; provide adequate fluid intake and modfying the diet.

Cholelithiasis

is defined as stones in the gallbladder

Cholelithiasis

s/s of this dz are abdominal pain that may radiate toward the back and heartburn esp. eating and N & V.

Cholelithiasis

txs are a low fat diet; lithotripsy; a cholecystectomy

Lithotripsy

shock waves that are used to shatter gallstones.

Cholecystectomy

surgical removal of the gallbladder

Diverticulitis

this dz is an inflammation of the diverticula

Diverticulitis

some s/s of this dz are abdominal pain; irregular bowel moverments; flatus; constipation or diarrhea; abdominal distention; ;pyrexia; N & V and cramping.

Flatus

means gas

Diverticulitis

txs for this dz are antibiotics, stool-softening, analgesic;surgery, eating more fiber, drinking lots of fluids and exercising.

Gastroenteritis

s/s are abdominal cramping, nN & V, pyrexia and diarrhea.

Lithotripsy

Shock waves that are used to shatter the gallstones

Inguinal hernia

a section of the small intestine protrudes through the inguinal rings of the lower abdominal wall

Hepatitis A

transmitted in food or water contaminated by the feces of an infected person.

Hepatitis B

Transmitted through serum

Hepatitis C

Spread through blood and body fluid

Hepatitis

pyrexia, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, myalgia, jaundice

Gastroenteritis

inflammation of the mucous membrane that liens the stomach and intestinal tract

Gastroenteritis s/s

abdominal cramping, n & v, pyrexia, and diarrhea

Hernia

Occurs when an internal organ pushes through a weakened area or natural opening ina body wall

s/s of hernia

indigestion, abdominal distention, angina, dysphagia

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