What might a sociologist say about the reasons people select a marriage partner?
Typically, a person marries someone of similar social background.
The statement that the social world guides our actions and life choices just as the seasons influence activities and clothing describes:
the essential wisdom of the discipline of sociology
By saying that the sociological perspective shows us "the strange in the familiar," the text argues that sociologists:
reject the familiar idea that people simply decide how to act in favor of the initially strange idea that society shapes our lives
In the United States today, the suicide rate is highest for which category of people noted below?
According to Emile Durkheim, a category of people with a higher suicide rate typically has:
lower social integration
Which of the following is not a reason that is important to understand the world beyond our own borders?
The U.S. economy has less to do with what goes on in other countries.
The Global Map on economic development shows the economically poorest region of the world is:
Sociologists claim that one way to learn more about ourselves is to:
study people who differ from us
C. Wright Mills pointed out that sociological awareness tends to be more widespread:
in times of crisis
C. Wright Mills claimed that the "sociological imagination" transformed:
personal problems into public issues
Which of the following historical changes is not among the factors that stimulated the development of sociology as a discipline?
the founding of the Roman Catholic church
The major goal of sociology's pioneers, such as Comte and Durkheim, was:
to discover how society actually operates
Comte described the earliest human societies as being at which stage of societal development?
According to Comte, people begin to see society as a natural---rather than a supernatural-phenomenon as their society enters which stage of development?
Thomas Hobbe's idea that society reflects a selfish human nature illustrates the thinking common at which of Comte's stages of societal development?
According to Comte, during the Middle Ages most people in Europe thought of society as:
an expression of God's will
According to Comte's approach, the kind of thinking favored by people such as the inventor of the light bulb, Thomas Edison, becomes common in a society at which stage of societal development?
The earliest sociologist who received the first doctorate ever awarded by Harvard University to a person of color was:
The pioneering sociologist who founded Chicago's Hull House to assist immigrants and was awarded the Nobel Peace Price was:
The U.S. sociologist who studied the African-American community and served as a founding member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was:
If we state that children raised in single-parent families are at high risk of being single parents themselves, we have constructed a ___________ of family life.
In deciding what kinds of questions to ask in their research, sociologists are guided by:
one or more theoretical paradigms
What is the term for a basic image of society that guides thinking and research?
Which theoretical paradigm is closest to the work of early sociologists Auguste Comte and Emile Durkheim?
The theoretical paradigm in sociology that assumes society is a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability is the:
Social structures sometimes have negative consequences for the operation of society as a whole. Which is the term for negative consequences?
The chief characteristic of the __________ paradigm is its view of society as orderly and stable.
The "framework for building theory that sees society as an arena of inequality that generates conflict and charge" is the:
The social-conflict paradigm might well lead a sociologists to highlight:
all of the above are correct
W.E.B. DuBois described African Americans as having a "double consciousness" because:
black people are citizens who cannot escape an additional identity based on skin color
Which early sociologist claimed that the important task was not to simply understand society but to change it?
The ________ paradigms are macro-level approaches that pain societies in broad strokes.
structural-functional and structural-conflict
Which of the following illustrates a micro-level focus?
two people on an airplane getting to know one another
The basic idea of the symbolic-interaction is that society is:
the product of people interacting in everyday situations
Which theoretical paradigm highlights the fact that it is not so much what people do that matters as much as what meaning they attach to their behaviors?
Which question summarizes the focus of the symbolic-interaction paradigm?
How do people experience society?
Which of the following is a manifest function of sports?
providing recreation and physical conditioning
In the United States, African Americans figure prominently in all but which of the following sports?
An exaggerated description that one applies to every person in some category is referred to as: