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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Bone Marrow: Red bone marrow
  2. Synovial Joints: Ball and socket joints
  3. craniostenosis
  4. periostitis
  5. osteoporosis
  1. a inflammation of the periosteum
  2. b abnormal loss of bony tissue resulting in fragile porous bones attributable to a lack of calcium
  3. c is located within the spongy bone, is hemopoietic tissue that manufactures red blood cells, hemoglobin, white blood cells, and thrombocytes. These types of cells are discussed in Chapter 5. Hemopoietic (hee-moh poy-ET-ick) means pertaining to the formation of blood cells (hem/o means blood, and -poietic means pertaining to formation). This term is also spelled hematopoietic.
  4. d such as the hips and shoulders, allow a wide range of movement in many directions
  5. e a malformation of the skull due to the premature closure of the cranial sutures.

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. are bands of fibrous tissue that form joints by connecting one bone to another bone, or joining a bone to cartilage. Complex hinge joints, such as the knee, are made up of a series of
    ligaments that permit movement in different directions
  2. binding, fixation (of a bone or joint)
  3. is the cartilaginous joint known that allows some movement to facilitate childbirth. This joint is located between the pubic bones in the anterior (front) of the pelvis
  4. which is covered with articular cartilage, is the wide end of a long bone. The proximal epiphysis is the end of the bone located nearest to the midline of the body. The distal epiphysis is the end of the bone located farthest away from the midline.
  5. bones of the hand

5 True/False Questions

  1. Landmarks of Bones: diaphysisa bone disorder of unknown cause that destroys normal bone structure and replaces it with fibrous tissue


  2. The Tissues of Bone: endosteumthe tissue that lines the medullary cavity (end- means within, oste means bone, and -um is a noun ending).


  3. scoli/ocrooked, bent


  4. paget's diseasea bone disease of unknown cause characterized by the excessive breakdown of bone tissue, followed by abnormal bone formation


  5. prosthesisReplacement of a missing part by an artificial substitute, such as an artificial extremity


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