VCB 6 Mythology & History

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from Vocabulary for the College-Bound Student Chapter 6 Mythology and History Exercises 6.1-6.6

Adonis

very handsome young man

aegis

shield or protection; auspices; sponsorship

amazon

tall, strong, bold woman

ambrosial

exceptionally pleasing to taste or smell; extremely delicious; excellent

atlas

book of maps

auroral

pertaining to or resembling the dawn; rosy; radiant

bacchanalian

jovial or wild with drunkenness

Cassandra

one who prophesies doom or disaster; pessimist

chimerical

fantastic; unreal; impossible; absurd

Draconian

cruel; harsh; severe; ironhanded

echolalia

automatic and immediate repetition of what others say

Elysian

delightful; blissful; heavenly

eristic

prone to controversy; disputatious; argumentative

fauna

animal life; animals of a particular region or period

flora

plant life; plants of a particular region or period

forum

medium or place for open discussion and expression of ideas--public meeting, radio or TV discussion, editorial page, etc.

hector

to bully; intimidate with threats; bluster

herculean

very difficult; requiring the strength of Hercules

hermetic

airtight; secret; obscure; magical; mysterious

iridescent

having colors like the rainbow

jovial

jolly; merry; good-humored

labyrinthine

full or confusing passageways; intricate; complicated, like the Labyrinth

laconic

using words sparingly; terse; concise

lethargic

unnaturally drowsy; sluggish; dull

Lucullan

sumptuous; luxurious

marathon

long distance footrace of 26 miles, 385 yards; endurance contest

martial

pertaining to war; warlike

mentor

wise and trusted adviser; tutor, coach

mercurial

quick; vivacious; active; lively; inconstant; unstable; capricious; subject to rapid and unpredictable mood changes

myrmidon

obedient and unquestioning follower

narcissistic

in love with oneself; excessively fascinated and gratified by one's own physical and mental qualities; egocentric

nectar

something exceptionally delicious to drink

nemesis

due punishment for evil deeds; one who inflicts such punishment

odyssey

long series of wanderings or travels

Olympian

majestic; godlike; lofty; having to do with the Olympic games

paean

song or hymn of praise, joy, or triumph

palladium

safeguard; protection

panic

sudden, overpowering terror, sometimes causing mass flight

philippic

bitter denunciation; tirade

plutocratic

having great influence because of one's wealth

Procrustean

cruel or inflexible in enforcing conformity

protean

exceedingly variable; readily assuming different forms or shapes

Pyrrhic

ruinous; gained at too great a cost

saturnine

heavy; dull; sullen; gloomy; morose

siren

dangerous, attractive woman; woman who sings with bewitching sweetness; apparatus for sounding loud warnings

solon

legislator, wise lawgiver

Spartan

marked by simplicity and avoidance of comfort; marked by self-discipline, bravery, and ability to endure pain

stentorian

very loud

Stygian

infernal; especially dark; gloomy

tantalize

excite a hope but prevent its fulfillment; tease

terpsichorean

pertaining to dancing

thespian

pertaining to the drama or acting

titanic

of enormous strength, size or power

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