Jeopardy: Dental laws and Ethics

Created by kathlenelong 

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Dentist's
Dental Assistants
Dental Students
Dental Hygienists

What four groups are affiliated with the ADA

Negligence

Failure to use a standard of care, that a reasonable person would apply under related situations

Nonmaleficence

This terms means "do not harm" or a duty to protect the patient

Subpoena

This is a written court order, requiring the attendants of the person named at a specified time and place for the purpose of being questioned under oath, concerning a particular manner that is the subject of an investigation preceding a lawsuit

Good vs Evil
Right vs Wrong
Moral judgments and behaviors

What are the four principles of ethics of dentistry

Maleficence

This term means "do good"
duty to promote the patients welfare

Veracity

This term means "truthfulness"

Autonomy

This terms means "self governance"
Duty to treat patients according to the patients desires and protect patient confidentiality

Malice

Conduct intended to cause injury or conduct that is carried on with the conscience disregard of the rights of others

Respondent Superior

This terms means " The master answers" or the employer is responsible for all employee actions

Oppression

This conduct intended to put a person through cruel and unjust hardships with conscience disregard of the persons rights

Reasonable notice to allow patient to find another dentist
must be done in writing with certified letter

What two criteria's, must be met in order to legally terminate the patient

Tort

This is an act, which may be intentional or unintentional that has caused harm to another person

Informed Consent

This is the procedure, of fully informing the patient about the choices the patient has, regarding his dental care addressing any concerns he may have

Res ipsa loquitur

This means "the act speaks for itself" its when a malpractice case, the evidence is so clear that this doctrine is implemented

Contributory Negligence

This occurs when a patients actions or lack thereof, negatively affect the treatment outcome

Res Geste

Statements made at the time of an alleged negligent act are admissible in court as evidence under this doctrine

Laws of state which the DA is practicing
laws very from state to state

Where should a dental assistant be aware of the laws regarding their duties and why is it necessary

Legal damages

These are monetary awards that the law imposes from a breach of some duty or a violation of some right

Portability

With regard to HIPPA, the ability to transfer insurance companies and still be covered for pre- existing conditions refers to

Dental Jurisprudence

What are the governing laws in the science of Dentistry

State board of dentistry

This is the administrative board, responsible for supervising, enforcing and ensuring adherence to the dental practice act of its specific state

Compensatory damages

These are designed to compensate an individual for all the actual losses and damages that would need to be recovered to make that person whole again

Malpractice

This is a professional negligence of incorrect treatment of a professional

Liability insurance

This is designed to protect the practice against specific claims made by patients, employees and visitors

Express contracts

These are verbal or written words that are agreed upon in an established contract. It specifies what each party will do

Accountability

With regard to HIPPA, generally dealing with the patients right to privacy from the dentist, health insurer, and other parties required in the health care process, refers to

Acceptance of referral
name of specialist and referring Doctor
reason for the referral and description of referrral

What are the four things that should be documented when referring a patient to a specialist

Criminal Law

This involves a government action against individuals who perform illegal procedures or violate laws

Direct supervision

This requires the dentist to be physically present in the office, while procedures are being performed and work must be examined once the procedure is completed

Embezzlement

This is the act of an employee illegally taking funds from his or her employer

Risk Management

This is a plan and systematic process, to reduce and /or eliminate the probability that loss will occur in a specific setting

State Dental Board

What organization wrote the dental jurisprudence (status of laws that govern dentistry)

Punitive damages

These are often the larger of two awards and are intended primarily to punish wrongdoings by the defendant for especially harmful acts

Fraud

This is an intentional misrepresentation of a fact, with the intent to deprive a person of property or legal rights

Justice

This term means "fairness" a duty to be fair when dealing with patients

Informed refusal

This form is used if a patient refuses radiographs and the dentist chooses to continue treatment without them

Prefix

The portion of the word, found at the beginning of the term, that modifies the means of the root word

Implied contract

This is an agreement or contract that is based on the patients actions

Root word

This is usually found in the center of a term and identifies the origin or body party involved

Reciprocity

This allows an individual to transfer licensure, without having to retake licensure exams

Due care/ Standard of care

This term means "the way it outta be done" or what any reasonable or prudent dental care professional would do under a similar circumstance

Abandonment

Withdrawing from patient care, without reasonable notice or failure to provide referral for completion of dental treatment is illegal and known as

Failure of proper of satisfactory communication between the patient and dental team

What is the most common reason for malpractice

Civil law

This refers to a noncriminal, legal action that a patient may pursue against a dentist that may result in a compensation lawsuit for pain, suffering and loss of wages resulting from a dental treatment or dentist actions

Professional ethics

The rules or standards, that govern the conduct of members of a profession

Suffix

This is the portion of a word found at the end of a term and alters the root word

Expanded functions

These are duties performed by qualified dental auxiliaries who have increased training, have additional education or have registered with their state, according to specific regulations set forth by a state dental practice act

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