drug that prevents pain during surgery
the process of taking over and forcing off land from former peasant farmers.
separating iron from its ore
wealth to invest in enterprises ie. shipping, mines, railroads, and factories.
place that brought together workers and machines to produce large quantities of goods
Privately built road that charges a fee to travelers who use it
movement of people from rural areas to cities
multistory building divided into crowded apartments
an organization formed by workers to strive for better wages and working conditions
the idea that society should be "the greatest happiness for the greatest number of its citizens"
people as a whole rather than private individuals would own and operate the ---->
means of production
the farms, factories, railways, and other large businesses that produced and distributed goods
a form of socialism that sees class struggles employers and employees as unavoidable
the working class
invented the seed drill
invented the steam engine
invented the waterframe
developed the first steam powered locomotive
creator of Methodism
main prophet of laissez-faire. author of the Wealth of Nations. asserted the free market
Malthus and Ricardo
said that population would outgrow the food production, urged people to have less kids.
"father of utilitarianism"
a Utopian, believed that the conditions people lived in shaped their characters. built a model factory in Scotland. no child labor
German philosopher, anti-Utopian,
self sufficient communities in which all work was shared and all property was owned in common.