Nail Diseases & disorders chapter 24

44 terms by 99corbin 

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nail disorder

is condition caused by injury or disease

bruised nails

blood clot forms under the nail plate forming dark purplish spot

ridges

running vertically down the length of the natural nail plate, caused by uneven growth of the nails

eggshell nails

thin, white nail plates that are much more flexible than nornal

beau's lines

visible depressions running across the width of the natural nail plate

onychophagy

condition in which the living skin splits around the nail cuticle and safe to work on in salon

leukonychia spots

white spots,are a whitish discoloration of the nails, usually caused by injury to the nail matrix

melanonychia

is darkening of the fingernails or toenails.it may be seen as a black band within the nail plate

onychophagy

bitten nails

onychorrhexis

split or bittle nails have a series of lengthwise ridges arough appearance to the surfaces

plicatured nail

folded nail a highly curved nail plate cause by injury to the matrix, but may be inherited

nail pterygium

abnormal condition that occurs when skin is stretched by the nail plate

trumpet nails

pincer nails edge of the nail plate curl around to form the shape of a trumpet

fungi

are parasites

corrugations

wavy ridges

furrows

depressions in the nail that run either lengthwise or across the nail

melanonychia

darking of the fingernails or toenails

tile shaped nails

increased crosswise curvature throughout the nail plate

onychocryptosis

ingrown nails

onychogryposis

thickening and increased curvature of the nail

paronychia

felon bacterial inflammation of the tissues around the nail

pyogenic granuloma

severe inflammation of the nail in which a lump of red tissue grows up from the nail bed to nail plate

tinea ringworm

reddened patches of small blisters slight or severe itching

tinea unguium

whitish patches on the nail that can be scraped off or long yellowish streaks within the nail substance.

onychosis

term used for any deformity or disease of the nails

onychia

inflammation of the nail matrix with shredding of the nail

tinea pedis

fingal infections of the feet ringworm of the feet

onychomycosis

fungal infection of the nail plate whitish patches that can be scraped off the surface of the nail

smooth and unspotted

a normal healthy nail is firm and flexible and should be

injury or disease

a nail disorder is classified as a condition that is caused by

carefully buff the nail plate

when performing nail services on a client with nail ridges running vertically down the nail plate, it is recommendedthat the technician

plicatured nail

a common term used to describe a nail with a highly curved nail plate is

fungi

parasites that under some conditions may cause infection to the feet and hands are

mold

discolorations of nail plate and artificial enhancements

yellow green spot on the nail

a typical bacterial infection on the nail plate can be identified in the early stagesas a:

onycholysis

the lifting of the nail plate from the bed without shedding is a nail disease called:

paronychia

a bacterial inflammation

pseudomonas aeruginosa

the naturally occurring skin bacteria that can grow out of control and cause an infection if conditions are correct is:

what conditions usually cause eggshell nails?

improper diet hereditary factors internal disease or medication

beau's lines

visible depressionss running across the width of the natural nail plate are

eponychin or hyponychium

nail pterygium is abnormal damage to the

injury or disease

a nail disorder is classified as a condition that is caused by

onychomadesis

lifting and falling off of nail plate

pterygium

forward growth of the cuticle

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