Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

World Civ 1 Chapter 5

etruscans

Beginning in the 700s BCE,first rulers of Roman Republic and Empire; Laid the foundation for Rome and Roman civilization
Ruled much of Ital including Rome
Romans learned form them: alphabet, use of the arch and engineering techniques to drain marsh areas

republic

a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them, A form of government in which citizens choose their leaders by voting.

patricians

Powerful landowners who controlled Roman government and society

consuls

Two officials from the patrician class were appointed each year of the Roman Republic to supervise the government and command the armies

dictator

A ruler who has complete power over a country.
Was given power to rule for 6 months-only done in the event the war.

plebeians

the poorer majority of the roman empire; the working class; couldnt be part of government; could vote but not hold office; couldnt be in army, lower class, usually small farmers

tribunes

An officer of ancient Rome elected by the plebeians to protect their rights from arbitrary acts of the patrician magistrates., representatives of lower class (plebians)

veto

a vote that blocks a decision.

laws of the twelve tablets

First time laws were written down so public could see

legion

A military unit of the ancient Roman army, made up of about 5,000 foot soldiers and a group of soldiers on horseback.

Punic Wars

A series of three wars between Rome and Carthage (264-146 B.C.); resulted in the destruction of Carthage and Rome's dominance over the western Mediterranean.

First Punic War

264 B.C. - 241 B.C., Rome and Carthage fought over island of Sicily, was a naval war, Rome was losing because they did not have a good navy, Romans figured out how to board the Carthage ships and fight them there, Romans gained control of Sicily, Corsica and Sardinia (Islands)

Second Punic War

(218-202 BCE) began when Carthage built up its troops and invaded Italy/ during the war Hannibal won battle after battle against Rome but eventually Hannibal was defeated because he was forced to return to Carthage to defend the city against a Roman counterinvasion/ the battle of Zama in 202 BCE was a clear Roman victory, and Carthage was forced to give up most of its extensive holdings in Africa and Spain

Third Punic War

149- 146 B.C. Cause- roman veterans sought revenge from destruction of second war (farms, animals, and walls were destoyed). Result- Rome wins, carthage totally destroyed, sold population to slavery, salted fields, burned city

Imperialism

A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, socially, and economically.

virgil

a Roman poet

satirize

ridicule with satire

mosaic

art consisting of a design made of small pieces of colored stone or glass

engineering

the practical application of science to commerce or industry

aqueduct

a conduit that resembles a bridge but carries water over a valley

`ptolemy

Alexandrian astronomer who proposed a geocentric system of astronomy that was undisputed until Copernicus (2nd century AD)

plebians

Roman lower class

julian calendar

the solar calendar introduced in Rome in 46 b.c. by Julius Caesar and slightly modified by Augustus, establishing the 12-month year of 365 days with each 4th year having 366 days and the months having 31 or 30 days except for February
We still use this calendar today

augustus

First emperor of the Roman Empire. Julius Caesar's grand-nephew., Honorific name of Octavian, founder of the Roman Principate, the military dictatorship that replaced the failing rule of the Roman Senate. (151)

census

a period count of the population

What did Augustus do for Rome?

stable government
jobs to qualified men regardless of social status
build roads and temples
coined money
postal system

Caligula

Only ruled for four years, mentally unstable. He had an affair with his sister and named them both as Gods. He also named his horse a consul.

Nero

Roman Emperor notorious for his monstrous vice and fantastic luxury (was said to have started a fire that destroyed much of Rome in 64) but the Empire remained prosperous during his rule (37-68), First Roman emperor to persecute Christians

Hadrian

The Roman Empire in AD 117-138. He ordered the construction of this wall. He traveled though his empire to strengthen it's frontiers and encourage learning and architecture.
Codified Rome-all had same laws

Marcus Aurelius

Last of the "Good Emperors", Wrote "Meditations" personal reflections of his beliefs, End of the Pax Romana

Pax Romona

Roman Peace, A period of peace and prosperity throughout the Roman Empire, lasting from 27 B.C. to A.D. 180.

Circus Maximus

The longest race track in Rome, 2000 feet long, holds half a million (500,000) spectators, a Roman outdoor arena in which public games, such as chariot races, were held
This entertainment was meant to pacify the people and help to keep peace

messiah

savior sent by God

bishop

a clergyman having spiritual and administrative authority. bacically the pope. except more poor.

apostle

(New Testament) one of the original 12 disciples chosen by Christ to preach his gospel

patriarch

title for the heads of the Eastern Orthodox Churches (in Istanbul and Alexandria and Moscow and Jerusalem)

paul

A.D. 11-67 Follower of Jesus who helped spread Christianity throughout the Roman world

pope

the head of the Roman Catholic Church. has way to much money and probably has never read the bible before.

martyr

person who suffers or dies for his or her beliefs

heresy

the crime of free will.

constantine

a walled city in northeastern Algeria east of Algiers

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set