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All 68 medical terms for Chapter 7: Respiratory System.

paranasal

refers to area near the nose

nasopharynx

area of pharynx posterior to nasal cavity and continues downward behind the mouth

oropharynx

area of pharynx that is visible when looking into the mouth

laryngopharynx

area of pharynx that ends right before the trachea and esophagus

otolaryngologist

physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders and diseases of the ears, nose and throat

pulmonologist

physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the lungs and related tissues

bronchitis

inflamed and thickened airways and increased number and size of mucus producing cells

bronchospasm

contraction of the smooth muscle in the walls of the bronchi and bronchioles that tighten and squeeze the airway shut

rhinitis

allergic reaction to airborne allergens that results in increased flow of mucus

rhinorrhea

watery flow of mucus from the nose

sinusitis

inflammation of the sinuses

pharyngitis

inflammation of the pharynx

laryngoplegia

paralysis of the larynx

laryngospasm

sudden spasmodic closure of the larynx

aphonia

loss of the ability of the larynx to produce normal speech sounds

dysphonia

any change in the vocal quality (hoarseness, weakness, cracking) of a boy's voice during puberty

laryngitis

inflammation of the larynx

tracheorrhagia

bleeding from the mucous membranes of the trachea

bronchorrhea

excessive discharge of mucus from the bronchi

pleurisy

inflammation of the pleura that produces sharp chest pain with each breath

pleurodynia

pain in the pleura that occurs in relation to breathing movements

pneumothorax

accumulation of air in the pleural space causing a pressure imbalance that prevents the lung from fully expanding or can cause it to collapse

hemothorax

collection of blood in the pleural cavity

hemoptysis

coughing up of blood or bloodstained sputum due to a pulmonary or bronchial hemorrhage

pyothorax

presence of pus in the pleural cavity between layers of the pleural membrance

atelectasis

collapse of part or all of a lung due to a blockage of the air passages or very shallow breathing

pneumorrhagia

bleeding from the lungs

pneumonia

serious infection or inflammation of the lungs in which the smallest bronchioles and alveoli fill with pus and other liquid

bronchopneumonia

localized form of pneumonia that often affects the bronchioles and surrounding alveoli

pneumoconiosis

fibrosis of the lung tissues caused by dust in the lungs that usually develops after prolonged environmental or occupational contact

anthracosis

lung disease caused by coal dust in the lung

asbestosis

lung disease caused by asbestos particles in the lungs and usually occurs after working in a textile factory

byssinosis

lung disease caused by inhaling cotton dust into the lungs and usually occurs from working in textile factories

silicosis

lung disease caused by inhaling silica dust in the lungs from working in foundry work, quarrying, ceramics, glass work, and sandblasting

eupnea

easy or normal breathing

apnea

absence of spontaneous respiration

bradypnea

abnormally slow rate of respiration (usually 10 or less breaths per minute)

tachypnea

abnormally rapid rate of respiration (usually 20 or more breaths per minute)

dyspnea

difficult or labored breathing

hyperpnea

breathing deeper and more rapid than what is considered normal (usually related to exertion)

hypopnea

shallow or slow respiration

hyperventilation

abnormally rapid rate of deep respiration usually associated with anxiety

anoxia

absence of oxygen from the body's gases, blood, or tissues

cyanosis

bluish discoloration of the skin due to lack of oxygen

hypercapnia

abnormal buildup of carbon dioxide in the blood

hypoxemia

condition of having below normal oxygen levels in the blood

hypoxia

condition of having below-normal oxygen levels in the body tissues and cells, less severe than anoxia

bronchoscopy

visual examination of the bronchi using a bronchoscope

laryngoscopy

visual examination of the larynx using a laryngoscope inserted through the mouth and placed into the pharynx

polysomnography

test that measures physiological activity during sleep and used to detect nocturnal defects in breathing related to sleep apnea

spirometer

recording device that measures the amount of air inhaled or exhaled and length of breath

pulse oximeter

external monitor placed on a patient's finger or earlobe to measure the oxygen saturation level in the blood

antitussive

medication administered to prevent or relieve coughing

endotracheal

refers to within the trachea

laryngectomy

surgical removal of the larynx

laryngoplasty

surgical repair of the larynx

pharyngoplasty

surgical repair of the pharynx

pharyngotomy

surgical incision into the pharynx

septoplasty

surgical repair or alteration of parts of the nasal septum

tracheoplasty

surgical repair of the trachea

tracheostomy

creation of a stoma into the trachea and inserting a tube to facilitate the passage of air or the removal of secretions

tracheotomy

emergency procedure which involves making an incision into the trachea to gain access to the airway below a blockage

lobectomy

surgical removal of the lobe of a lung

pleurectomy

surgical removal of part of the pleura

pneumonectomy

surgical removal of all or part of the lung

thoracentesis

surgical puncture of the chest wall with a needle to obtain fluid from the pleural cavity

thoracotomy

surgical treatment of lung cancer by removing all or part of a lung

thoracostomy

surgical creation of an opening into the chest cavity

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