Special Needs and Appropriate Practices

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Vocab for child care classes.

ADA

Federal law that prohibits discrimination based upon mental or physical disability.

Disability

The result of any physical or mental condition that effects or prevents one's ability to develop,achieve,and/or function in an educational setting at a normal rate.

IDEA

Federal law that requires all states to provide a free appropriate education to eligible children and youth with disabilities.

Inclusion

The philosophy that all children have the right to be included with their peers in all age- appropriate activities throughout life.

Multidisciplinary

A team approach involving specialists from more than one discipline,such as a team made up of a physical therapist, a speech and language therapist, or other specialists as needed.

Natural Environment

Caring for a child with special needs in home and community settings in which children without disabilities participate in.

Related Services

Transportation and development, corrective and other support services that are required by a child with special needs in order for them to benefit from education.

Student with disability

Children whose development or health is viewed by parents and professionals as atypical.

Support Services

Agencies and organizations that offer various types of educational and ancillary resources for children with special needs and their families.

Transdisciplinary

A model that uses teaching, learning, and sharing of information across disciplinary boundaries enabling one team member, along with family, to carry out intervention strategies for a child with special needs.

Readily achievable

Refers to changes that can be easily accomplished without difficulty.

Undue burden

is something that causes significant difficulty.

Auxiliary aid or service

not normally provided to the children in your care.

Individual Education Plan

A written education plan for a school aged child with disabilities. A collaborative effort of parents, teachers,therapists and other professionals.

Individualized Family Support Plan

A written plan for infants or toddlers with disabilities. Written by the early intervention team of professionals working with the child and the family.

Occupational Therapy

Treatment provided by an occupational therapist. Develops skills that will aid in daily living.

Physical Therapy

Treatment provided by a physical therapist. Helps the child improve use of muscles, nerves, bones and joints.

Part C

The portion of IDEA that serves children from birth to their third birthday, who have an established medical condition that places them at high risk for developmental disabilities or who have a developmental delay.

Part B

The portion of IDEA that services children with disabilities from age 3 to 21 (or high-school graduation, if sooner). Entitles eligible children to special education and related services.

Development Delay

As not achieved skills and abilities that are expected to be mastered.

Developmentally Appropriate Practices

Maintain a high level of attention from the children. Allow for individual growth.

An Appropriate Environment

Has toys and furniture selected for abilities of the children.

Appropriate Experiences

Include active learning incorporating DAP meaningful experiences nurturing, supportive relationships.

Adaptation

Any adjustments or modifications in the environment, instruction or materials for the learning that enhances the child's performance or allows at least partial participation in an activity.

Modification

To change, or alter; to make less extreme, severe, or strong.

Norms

A standard, model or pattern regarded as typical for a specific cultural, racial, ethnic, religious, or social group. Cultural norms include thoughts,behaviors,and patterns of communication,customs,beliefs,values and institutions.

Family Culture

Norms that learned and shared by members of the family group and taught to a growing child as the social heritage of past generations and the model to be copied.

Cyclical Grieving

Describes a recurrence of the emotions associated with the grieving process. As opposed to always feeling sad, families typically move in and out of the grief loop.

Critical periods

Generally fall into two categories: makers of normal development. The re-identification of a child as having special needs.

Trigger Thoughts

Trigger thoughts can distort a basic discipline situation and make it seem bigger then it is. they can make a child's behavior seem deliberate and bad.

The Brain Stem

Instinctive reactions

The Limbic System

Emotional Reactions

The Cortex

Rational reactions

Time Machine

An actual spot in the room where the two children go to turn the clock back/travel back in time to come up with alternatives to their behaviors.

Instant Replay

This is a variation for older children. It is like a do over. The children get to stop, focus,think and practice alternate behaviors.

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