5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Indus River Valley
- Leadership class
- Zoning laws
- Central Business District (CBD)
- a Chronologically the third urban hearth, dating to 2200 BCE
- b The downtown heart of a central city, the CBD is marked by high land values, a concentration of business and commerce and the clustering of the tallest buildings
- c Group of decision-makers and organizers in early cities who controlled the resources, and often the lives, of others
- d The focal point of ancient Roman life combining the functions of the ancient Greek acropolis and agora
- e Legal restrictions on land use that determine what types of building and economic activities are allowed to take place in certain areas. In the United States, areas are most commonly divided into separate zones of residential, retail, or industrial use.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- a term introduced by american journalist joel garreau in order to describe the shifting focus of urbanization in the united states away from the central business district (CBD) toward the loci of economic activity at the urban fringe (extensive amounts of office and retail space, frew residential areas, modern buildings, less than 30 years old)
- Chronologically the fifth hearth, dating to 2000 BCE
- The study of the physical form and structure of urban places
- Conglomeration of people and buildings clustered together to serve as a center of politics, culture, and economics
- A relatively small, egalitarian village, where most of the population was involved in agriculture. Starting over 10,000 years ago, people began to cluster in agricultural villages as they stayed in one place to tend their crops.
5 True/False Questions
First urban revolution → Movement of upper and middle-class people from urban core areas to the surrounding outskirts to escape pollution as well as deteriorating social conditions (perceived and actual). In North America, the process began in the early nineteenth century and became a mass phenomenon by the second half of the twentieth century.
Gentrification → the external locational attributes of a place; its relative location or regional position with reference of another nonlocal places
Acropolis → Homes bought in many American suburbs with the intent of tearing them down and replacing them with much larger homes often referred to as McMansions.
new urbanism → Outlined by a group of architects, urban planners, and developers from over 20 countries, an urban design that calls for development, urban revitalization, and suburban reforms that create walkable neighborhoods with a diversity of housing and jobs.
Urban Sprawl → A spatial generalization of the large, late-twentieth-century city in the United States. It is shown to be a widely dispersed, multicentered metropolis consisting of increasingly independent zones or realms, each focused on its own suburban downtown; the only exception is the shrunken central realm, which is focused on the Central Business District (CBD).