A&P Exam 2

Created by AndreaF590 

Upgrade to
remove ads

68 terms

skeletal

Support, hematopietic site, storage, and providing levers for muscle activity are all functions of the _____ system.

short bone

A bone with approximately the same width, length, and height is most likely a _____.

diaphysis

The shaft of a long bone is properly called _____.

D- medullary cavities in bone of a healthy adult

Sites of hematopoiesis include all BUT: A- red marrow cavities of spongy bone, B- the diploe of flat bones, C- medullary cavities in bones of infants, D-medullary cavities in bone of a health adult.

osteon

An _____ has a central canal carrying blood vessels, concentric lamellae, osteocytes in lucanae and canaliculi that connect lucanae to the central canal.

B- Hardness

The organic portion of matrix is important in providing all BUT: A- tensil strength, B- hardness, C- ability to resist stretch, D- flexibility.

fibrous connective tissue

The flat bones of the skull develop from _____.

osteoblasts and osteoclasts

The remodeling of bone is a function of which cells?

mechanical stress and PTH

Bone remodeling in adults is regulated and directed mainly by _____ and _____.

farthest from the shaft

Where within the epiphyseal plate are the dividing cartilage cells located?

Wolff's law

_____ is concerned with the thickness and shape of a bone being determined by mechanical and gravitational stresses placed on it.

woven compact

Formation of the bony callus in fracture repair is followed by bone remodeling to convert _____ bone to _____ bone.

greenstick

The fracture type in which the bone ends are incompletely separated is _____.

osteoporosis

The disorder in which bones are porous and thin but bone composition is normal is _____.

frontal and parietal

Which bones are connected by the coronal suture?

sphenoid

The keystone bone of the cranium is the _____.

maxillary

The keystone bone of the face is the _____.

maxillary and palatine

Which bones form the hard palate?

occipital

Which bone allows the spinal cord to pass?

mandible

The bone that forms the chin is the _____.

ethmoid, frontal, maxillary and sphenoid

Which bones contain the paranasal sinuses?

temporal

Which bone contains the mastoid sinuses?

sternum

The bone of the axial skeleton to which the pectoral girdle attaches is the _____.

scapula

Markings of the _____ include glenoid cavity and acromion.

ilium

Features of the _____ include the ala, crest and greater sciatic notch.

clavicle

The _____ is doubly curved and acts as a shoulder strut.

ilium

The _____ is the pelvic girdle bone that articulates with the axial skeleton.

ischium

The _____ is called the "sit-down" bone.

pubis

The _____ is the anteriormost bone of the pelvic girdle.

sacrum

The _____ is part of the vertebral column.

femur

The _____ articulates with the acetabulum and the tibia.

fibula

The _____ forms the lateral spects of the ankle.

radius

The _____ is the bone that "carries" the hand.

carpals

The _____ is the wrist bone.

ulna

The end of the _____ is shaped like a monkey wrench.

radius

The _____ articulates with the capitulum of the humerus.

tarsals

The largest bone of the _____ is the calcaneus.

synovial joints

_____ exhibit a joint cavity.

fibrous joints

Types of _____ are sutures and syndesmoses.

fibrous joints

In _____ bones are connected by collagen fibers.

cartilaginous joints

Types of _____ include synchondroses and symphyses.

synovial joints

All _____ are diarthrotic.

cartilaginous joints

Many _____ are amphiarthrotic.

cartilaginous joints

In _____ bones are connected by a disc of hyaline cartilage or fibrous cartilage.

fibrous joints

Nearly all _____ are synarthrotic.

synovial joints

The shoulder, hip, jaw and elbow are _____.

diarthroses

Freely movable joints are _____.

synovial joints

Anatomical characteristics of _____ include articular cartilage, a joint cavity, and articular capsule.

synovial joints

Factors that influence the stability of _____ include shape of articular surfaces, presence of strong reinforcing ligaments, and tone of surrounding muscles.

hip joint

The description" Articular surfaces are deep and secure; capsule heavily reinforced by ligaments and muscle tendons; extremely stable joint" best describes the _____.

Ankylosis

_____ means immobility of a joint due to fusion of its articular surfaces.

rheumatoid arthritis

An autoimmune disorder in which joints are affected bilaterally and which involves pannus formation and gradual joint immobiliation is _____.

Diarthrotic

Synovial joints/ freely movable

Synarthrosis

Joint which permits very little or no movement.

Synchondrose

A joint in which the connective medium is cartilage.

Ampharthrosis

continuos, non movable joint.

Keratinocyte

Which epidermal cell type is most numerous?

epidermal dendritic cell

Which cell functions as part of the immune system?

keratin

The epidermis provides a physical barrier due largely to the presence of _____.

Skin color

_____ is determined by the amount of blood, pigments, and oxygenation level of the blood.

dermis

The sensations of touch and pressure are picked up by receptors located in the _____.

False

True of False: The papillary layer of the dermis is most responsible for the toughness of the skin.

flexure lines

Skin surface markings that reflect points of tight dermal attachment to underlying tissues are called _____.

C- sensory receptors

What is not an epidermal derivative?

arrector pili muscle

A(n) _____ can cause a hair to stand straigh up.

apocrine gland

The product of this type of sweat gland includes protein and lipid substances that become odoriferous as a result of bacterial action.

Sebum

_____ lubricates the surface of the skin and hair, consists of cell fragments and fatty substances and in excess may cause seborrhea. (A,B,C)

the extent of a burn

The rule of nines is helpful clinically in determining _____.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

NEW! Voice Recording

Click the mic to start.

Create Set