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Black History Bowl 2011

Patricia Janet Scotland

She is a British barrister, and the current Attorney General for England and Wales and Northern Ireland, a ministerial position in the UK Government. Scotland was born in Dominica to Antiguan and Dominican parents, but her family moved when she was three, where she went to Walthamstow School for Girls. She is the tenth of twelve children. In 1991, she was the first black woman to be made a Queen's Counsel and the youngest person to be made a silk (QC) since William Pitt (the younger).

Bishop Richard Allen

He created the African Methodist Episcopal Church (AME) was formed in 1816 when Bishop Allen called together many Black Methodist churches dissatisfied with the policies of the Methodist Denomination.

Daniel Payne

He was the first black president of an American College and bishop of the AME Church. He also worked to disprove the pro-slavery argument in the 19th century. Who was he?

Mary McLeod Bethune

She was an American educator and the 17th child of former slaves. She taught in a series of southern mission schools before settling in Florida to found the Daytona Normal and Industrial Institute for Negro Girls in 1904. She served as president of the institute from 1904 to 1942 and again from 1946 to 1947. After the institute merged with Cookman Institute in 1923, it became Bethune-Cookman College. She was also a leader in the American black community; she founded the National Council of Negro Women and was director of Negro Affairs of the National Youth Administration. In addition she served as special adviser on minority affairs to President Franklin Delano Roosevelt.

March to Selma

What famous march helped influence the Voting Rights Act, passed in August, 1965?

Wyatt Tee Walker

Who was Martin Luther King, Jr.'s executive assistant?

Thelma Motherhed-Wair

She graduated from college, and then made a career of teaching. She lives in Belleville, IL, where she is a volunteer in a program for abused women.

54th Massachusetts Infantry

What famous infantry was one of the first black units to join the Union forces in the Civil War; the Fifty-Fourth had the eyes of the nation upon it. The company, which was largely composed of freed black slaves from various northern states, earned its fame in the July 18, 1863, battle at Battery Wagner. It was assigned the challenge of leading the assault on this Confederate Fort, which was located on an island near Charleston, S.C.

Ralph Albernathy

Who organized the Poor People's campaign in Washington, D.C. after the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr.?

Buffalo Soldiers

Who am I? After the Civil War, Congress authorized the creation of six segregated black regiments to serve in the peace-time army, under white officers. The Ninth and Tenth Cavalries and the 38th through 41st Infantries-all composed of African-American soldiers-were thus formed.

Tuskegee Airmen

Who am I? By the beginning of World War II, African Americans increased pressure on the government to make conditions more equal for blacks in the armed forces. Still reluctant to integrate the military, the government took a step forward in 1941 by creating the first all-black military aviation program, at the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama. The action received a great deal of criticism from black Americans who were outraged by their continued segregation.

Washington DC

This city was a major stop for runaway Southern slaves and attracted large numbers of blacks after the Civil War. By 1960 the city had a majority black population. The presence of black political organizations and the large marches in the 1960s made this city a major center of the civil rights movement. What city am I?

UNCF

What was established to promote excellence in Black education?

Charles Johnson

I was a distinguished American sociologist, first black president of historically black Fisk University, and a lifelong advocate for racial equality, the advancement of civil rights for African Americans and all other ethnic minorities. I preferred to work in coalition with liberal white groups in the South quietly as a 'sidelines activist' concerned to get practical results. Who am I?

Martin Luther King

What Black American said, "The content of one's character is the important thing, not the color of their skin"?

PUSH

Name the book written by Sapphire that is a controversial story about a woman's struggle?

WWII

The Tuskegee Experiment trained African American pilots for combat in which World War?

Shirley Chisholm

Who was the first black woman to serve in the U.S. Congress?

False

In the American Revolution, African Americans fought only on the colonial side. True or False?

Thomas Jefferson

What President signed a bill into law in 1808 that made it illegal to import slaves into the U.S.?

Patricia Harris

President Jimmy Carter appointed who as Secretary of Housing and Urban Development?

Voting Rights Act

By what name is the Civil Rights Act of 1965 more commonly known?

Fourteenth Amendment

Which amendment to the U.S. Constitution granted black Americans citizenship and equal protection under law?

Commerce

In 1993, Ron Brown was appointed to the Cabinet as Secretary of Commerce or Treasury?

Frederick Douglass

Runaway slave turned abolitionist who served as U.S. minister to Haiti. He also held the job of Enlistment Officer during the Civil War?

Underground Railroad

Harriet Tubman served iduring the Civil War as conductor of what?

John Mercer Langston

What 19th century African American was suggested as a candidate for vice president on the republican ticket?

The Black Codes

Restrictions placed on former slaves during the reconstruction period after the Civil War?

James Farmer

Who organized the Congress of Racial Equality in 1942?

1863

President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation in what year?

Vashti Murphy McKenzie

I am a woman of first. I was the first woman to pastor at Payne Memorial African Methodist Episcopal Church in Baltimore, Maryland. On July 11, 2000, the AME Church elected me as its first female bishop in its 213 year history. Who am I?

Jessie Jackson

What famous Black American started the phrase Rainbow Coalition?

Back to Africa

What movement did Marcus Garvey initiate

Condolezza Rice

Appointed by George W Bush as his National Security Advisor, she also served in the elder Bush's administration.

Maggie Walker

She became the first Black woman to become the president of a bank she founded, the Saint Luke Penny Saving Bank in Richmond, VA in 1903. She also founded the St. Luke Emporium, a department store, and published the St. Luke Herald.

Harry S. Truman

This president signed Executive Order No. 9981 to end segregation in the U. S. Armed Forces on July 26, 1948. "It is hereby declared to be the policy of the President that there shall be quality treatment and opportunity for all persons in the armed services without regard for race, color or national origin."

Little Rock Nine

The name given a group of teenagers who were escorted by troops of the Army 101st Airborne Division to integrate Central High School. The troops were ordered by President Dwight David Eisenhower when the governor of the state used National Guardsmen to deny the students' entrance.

Dr. Ida Gray

Who was the first accredited Black American woman dentist in America?

Jim Crow laws

What were the segregation laws referred to?

1910

In what year did Alain Leroy Locke become the first African American to be awarded the Rhodes Scholarship?

Lincoln University

What is the name of the nation's first black college?

Congress of Racial Equality

James Farmer advocated civil rights through what organization?

NCNW

Dorothy Height fought for civil rights through the National Urban League. or the National Council of Negro Women (NCNW)

Joel E. Spingarn

Who started the Gold Medal Awards, later named for him, which recognized the highest or noblest achievement by an African American?

Shirley Chisholm

In 1972, who became the first woman candidate for president of the United States?

Ida Wells Barnett

Who lost her teaching job due to a lawsuit she filed against a railroad for forcing her to give up her seat in a car marked "Whites Only"?

Washington, DC.

Benjamin Banneker assisted in the survey of what major U.S. city?

Howard University

What is the name of the famous black college in Washington, D.C., where Charles Drew taught medicine?

Harvard University

W.E. B. Du Bois was the first African American to receive a Ph.D. from what prestigious university?

1909

In what year did Matthew Henson reach the top of the North Pole?

Archie A. Alexander

In 1954, who did President Eisenhower appoint as the Territorial Governor of the U.S. Virgin Islands?

Executive Secretary

What capacity did James Weldon Johnson serve in the NAACP?

Narrative of the Life

What is the title of Frederick Douglass' book about his experiences as a slave?

Jail in Movement

Name the movement that started in Rock Hill, SC in 1961 when students refused to pay fines and requested jail sentences. The Students Nonviolent Coordinating Committee urged south-wide "Jail, No Bail" Campaigns.

Sojourner Truth

Who was the famous orator born Isabella Baumfree?

Muhammad Speaks

What Muslim newspaper did Malcolm X start?

Muslim Mosque Inc.

What is the name of the church Malcolm X founded after his suspension from the Nation of Islam?

Joseph Cinque

What slave led the escape from the schooner, Amistad

Sierra Leone

In 1842, Joseph Cinque returned to which country, where he established the first anti-slavery mission?

Janitor and Painter

Booker T. Washington worked in what two occupations while attending Hampton Institute?

Tuskegee Institute

What school was Booker T. Washington appointed the first principal?

Marcus Garvey

Who was the founder of the United Negro Improvement Association?

Ida Wells Barnett

Who was part owner and editor of the "Memphis Free Speech

Ida Wells Barnett

Who compiled the first statistical record on lynchings?

The Red Record

What is the title of the first statistical record on lynchings?

James Underdue

Who was the first black army chaplain

39th Union Regiment

In what troop did James Underdue serve?

Give up her seat

Rosa Parks refused to do what for a white man?

True

The Montgomery bus boycott was one event during the Civil Rights Era? True or False

Milla Granson

Which slave started a "school" for slaves on a Mississippi plantation

Jean Baptiste DuSable

What Haitian built a thriving trading post on a site, which is now Chicago

Henry Ossian Flipper

Who was the first black man to receive an appointment to the United States Military Academy at West Point?

Henry Ossian Flipper

Who was the first black officer in the 10th Cavalry?

Buffalo Soldiers

What is another name for the famed black unit, 10th Cavalry?

Robert Smalls

What slave stole a southern ship during the Civil War and turned the ship over to the Union?

Robert Smalls

What former slave was elected to the South Carolina House of Representatives and the South Carolina Senate?

West Point

Charles Young was the third black man to graduate from what military academy

WWII

Dorie Miller was one of the first heroes in which war?

Saunders Jackson

What adventurer helped explore and map a route from Wyoming to California?

Emily

Who inspired the Yellow Rose of Texas? She was a black woman and slave who distracted General Santa Anna in one of the Battles of Texas in the 1800's

Prince Hall

Who was the first Grand Master of the Black Masons?

Prince Hall

Who founded the Black Masons?

January 24 1865

On what date did Congress pass the 13th Amendment to abolish slavery?

Timbuktu

Which African city housed the First University of the West Coast of Africa?

Madame C. J. Walker

Who was this country's first Black millionairess?

Anna Arnold Hedgeman

Who was the first black to graduate from Hamline University, the University of Minnesota and the New York School of Social Work?

Patricia Roberts Harris

Who was the first African American woman chosen for an ambassadorship?

Yale University

Dr. Patrick Healy was the first black in the United States to earn a doctoral degree in physics from what prestigious University?

Lincoln WWII FDR

On December 2, 1999 the location of the national monument to Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr was approved. It will be situated between what well known Washington, DC landmarks? Washington Monument, Jefferson Monument. Name three other memorials

1960

What year did Ralph Bunche receive the Presidential Medal of Freedom?

Adam Clayton Powell

Elected to Congress in 1944, he introduced measures opposing lynching and the poll tax, and worked to end segregation in Washington, D.C., schools, federal buildings, the congressional press section, and other venues. Who is he?

Columbia, SC

Name the location of the march, which was called the greatest civil rights rally since the 1960s, led by the NAACP on January 17, 2000 to protest the Confederate battle flag flying atop the statehouse dome?

Sojourner

Someone who goes from place to place is a

Ralph Bunche

What school in King George County is named after a famous African American peacemaker?

Maggie Walker

Who founded the St. Luke's Penny Savings Bank

1990

In what year was Nelson Mandela released from prison

South Africa

In what country did Nelson Mandela live?

Education

On January 24, 2000, Dr. Roderick Paige was sworn in as Secretary of what?

Andrew Young

Name the former Atlanta Mayor who served as the first black U. S. Ambassador to the United Nations.

January 18 1998

Name the year the New York Stock exchange closed for the first time in honor of the birthday of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

Barbara Jordan

She became the first Black and first woman to be elected to Congress from Texas. She was also the first Black woman to give a keynote address at the Democratic National Convention in 1976. Who was she?

100th Emancipation Anniversary

George Olden, famed graphic artist, became the first Black to design a U. S. postage stamp, which was released on August 16, 1963. What significant event in history did the stamp commemorate?

Birmingham Alabama

Name the location of the bombing of the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church that killed four young Black girls, Denise McNair, Cynthia Wesley, Addie May Collins and Carol Robertson on September 15, 1963

Ronald Reagan

What U. S. president signed a bill on November 2, 1984 designating the third Monday of January of each year as a federal holiday in honor of the late Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr.?

Carol Moseley-Braun

Name the first Black woman to win a U. S. Senate seat on November 3, 1992.

David Dinkins

Taking office as the first Black Mayor of New York City, defeating Republican challenger, Rudolph Guiliani in November 1989, name this elected official who served as New York City's 106th mayor.

Los Angeles Riots

What major event was sparked by the acquittal of four police officers accused in the videotaped beating of Rodney King?

Charles Young

Graduating from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point in 1884, he advanced to become the highest-ranking black in the U.S. Army in 1918. Who is he?

Booker T. Washington

Name the founder of America's largest and best-endowed Black institution for learning, the Tuskegee Institute.

Secretary of State

In January 2001, Colin Luther Powell became the first Black to hold which office?

Lawrence Davies

In 1966, he became the first Black elected to the Fredericksburg City Council and became the city's first Black Mayor elected in 1976 where he served for 20 years. Who is he?

Huey Newton

Political Activist, Leader & Co-founder of "The Black Panthers". His manslaughter conviction led to a rapid expansion of the party nationwide. I was born on February 17. Who am I?

Wallace D. Fard

I was the first preacher and founder of the Nation of Islam Mosque and University in the U. S. In 1934 I disappeared without a trace. I was born on February 28, 1891. Who am I?

Elaine R. Jones

I was the first woman president and director-counsel of the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund. I was prominent in abolishing the death penalty. I was born on March 2, 1944. Who am I?

Shaka Zulu

I was an influential military leader. My tactics changed the small Zulu tribe to a nation that held sway over a large proportion of Southern Africa. Who am I?

Patricia Harris

I was born on May 31, 1924 and I was the first Black Woman to serve as a U.S. Ambassador. I was a cabinet member for President Jimmy Carter as Secretary of Housing and Urban Development. Who am I?

Reginald Lewis

I was born on December 7, 1942. I was a lawyer, president of the largest Black-owned business in the U. S. in 1989. I was a partner in the first Black law firm on Wall Street. Who am I?

John Mercer Langston

Elected in 1855 as town clerk of Brownhelm Township, Ohio. Who am I?

Lucius Twilight

I was elected as a state official in 1836 for the Vermont Legislature. Who am I?

Carl Stokes

I was the mayor of Cleveland, Ohio from 1967 - 1971. Who am I?

Sharon Dixon Kelly

The first black woman to serve as a mayor in Washington, DC from 1991-1994. Who am I?

PBS Pinchback

I was appointed governor of Louisiana from December 9, 1872 - January 13, 1873 during impeachment proceedings against the elected governor. Who am I?

Joseph Rainey

I became a Congressman from South Carolina in 1870 and was reelected for more times. Who am I?

Hiram Revels

I became the senator from Mississippi from February 25, 1870 to March 4, 1871 during Reconstruction. Who am I?

Robert C. Weaver

I was a U.S. cabinet member that became Secretary of the Department of Housing and Urban Development under Lyndon Johnson from 1966 - 1968. Who am I?

Condolezza Rice

I was the first African American woman to serve as the U. S. National Security Advisor; First African American woman to serve as U. S. Secretary of State; youngest provost at Stanford University.

Roscoe Robinson

The first African American four-star U. S. Army Major General

Ruth Simmons

Educator, who in 1995 became first African American woman to became president of a major college, Smith College; in 2001 became president of Brown University, an Ivy League Institution.

Maulana Karenga

I created the Africa American holiday, Kwanzaa in 1966. Who am I?

Susan Rice

America's third woman ambassador to the United Nations and the first black woman to hold the position

Tice Davids

I was a runaway slave from Kentucky who was the inspiration for the term "Underground Railroad" when I swam the Ohio River and survived. Who am I?

Josiah Henson

In 1830 I fled slavery in Maryland and founded a settlement in Ontario, Canada for fugitive slaves. Who am I?

Sophia B Packard

Who is the other founder of the first U. S. college for black women in 1881? Harriet E. Giles was one.

Frederick Douglass

Black History Month originated in 1926 by Carter G Woodson as Negro History Week. Name the two individuals Woodson was honoring born in the month of February. Abraham Lincoln is one. Who is the other?

Ernest Green

In 1958, he became the first black student to graduate from Central High School. He graduated from Michigan State University and served as Assistant Secretary of Housing and Urban Affairs under President Jimmy Carter. He currently is a managing partner and vice president of Lehman Brothers in Washington, DC.

Jefferson Thomas

He graduated from Central High School in 1960, following a year in which Little Rock's public high schools were ordered closed by the legislature to prevent desegregation. Today, he is an accountant with the U.S. Department of Defense and lives in Anaheim, CA.

Minnijean Brown Trickey

She was expelled from Central High School in February, 1958, after several incidents, including her dumping a bowl of chili on one of her antagonists in the school cafeteria. She moved with her husband to Canada during the Vietnam War protests of the 1960s and today is a writer and social worker in Ontario. Winterstar Productions is presently filming a documentary on her life. Who is she?

Carlotta Walls Lanier

She is one of only three of the nine who eventually graduated from Central High School. She, along with Jefferson Thomas, returned for their senior year in 1959. She graduated from Michigan State University and presently lives in Englewood, Colorado, where she is in real estate. Who am I?

Chicago

This city is famous for its sizzling jazz and blues, substantial middle class, and political clout, and was once called the black community rivaled Harlem's in the 1920s and 30s. What city is this?

Detroit

The Great Migration increased this city's black population from under 6,000 in 1910 to 120,000 in 1930. Also working in the auto and other industries, a black middle class soon developed, creating an important cultural community. What city am I?

Mass Migration North

What am I? Blacks poured off the farms in search of urban jobs. Between 1915 and 1920 as many as one million African Americans moved to northern cities. Nearly another million joined them in the decade that followed. In addition, tens of thousands of blacks went west, especially to California, while several hundred thousand moved to southern cities.

Nicodemus, Kansas

As Reconstruction came to an end in the 1870s, many Southern blacks feared they would lose their civil liberties. Know as "Exodusters," thousands fled to a number of newly created black towns. This city was founded in 1877, and was promoted as "the Promise Land." However, bad weather and subsequent crop failures, followed by the Union Pacific Railroad's decision to bypass the town, spelled its doom. What city am I?

Ghana

What was the first African nation to win its independence from colonial rule?

Western Sahara

Name three of the six countries that make up North Africa?Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia, and what?

Washington DC

Noted educator Mary McLeod Bethune's monument stands where, New York City or Washington, DC?

New York

In what state was the United Negro College Fund chartered in 1944?

Sudan

Name the largest country in Africa

Brown vs Board of Education

What 1954 Supreme Court ruling stated "that separate but equal educational facilities were unequal and unconstitutional"?

Thurgood Marshall

He won his early legal reputation as a specialist in civil rights cases. As special counsel for the NAACP and counsel for the NAACP Legal Defense Fund, he argued 32 cases before the Supreme Court. He was appointed the first Black US Solicitor General in 1965. In 1967 he was appointed associate justice of the Supreme Court by President Lyndon B Johnson and served 1967-1991.

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