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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. immediate reinforcement
  2. stimulus discrimination
  3. reinfocement
  4. extrinsic motivation
  5. operant chamber
  1. a reinforcement given immediately after the desired behavior
  2. b The ability to distinguish among stimuli similar to the CS and to respond only to the actual CS , in other words the response generlizes to similar stimuli (In Albert all fur coats all teddybears etc)
  3. c a desire to perform a behavior due to promised rewards or threats of punishment
  4. d the process by which consequences lead to an increase in the likelihood that the response will occur again
  5. e a chamber, also known as a Skinner box, containing a bar or key that an animal can manipulate to obtain a food or water reinforcer, with attached devices to record the animal's rate of bar pressing or key pecking

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. in operant conditioning, any event that strengthens the behavior it follows
  2. in operant conditioning, a schedule of reinforcement that reinforces a response at unpredictable time intervals
  3. in classical conditioning, the unlearned, naturally occurring response to the unconditioned stimulus (UCS)
  4. the tendency, once a response has been conditioned, for stimuli similar to the conditioned stimulus to elicit similar responses
  5. a tendency for the CR to be elicited by neutral stimuli that are like, but not identical to , the CS: in other words , the response gene

5 True/False Questions

  1. extinctionthe diminishing of a conditioned response; occurs in classical conditioning when an unconditioned stimulus does not follow a conditioned stimulus; occurs in operant conditioning when a response is no longer reinforced


  2. spontaneous recovery (in operant conditioning)In classical conditioning, the reappearance of an extinguished response after a period of nonexposure to the conditioned stimulus. Events that occurs when the CS again elicits the CR after extinction has occured


  3. Biological preparednesA built in readiness for certain conditioned stimuli to elicit particualr conditioned responses , so less conditioning (training ) is necessary to produce learning


  4. law of effectThorndike's principle that behaviors followed by favorable consequences become more likely


  5. negative reinforcementReinforcement that occurs when a response is strengthened because it is followed by the presentation of a rewarding stimulus.


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