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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. ratio schedule
  2. cognitive learning
  3. operant chamber
  4. modeling
  5. negative reinforcement
  1. a increasing behaviors by stopping or reducing negative stimuli (unpleaseant event), such as shock. A negative reinforcer is any stimulus that, when removed after a response, strengthens the response. (Note: negative reinforcement is not punishment
  2. b the acquisition of information that often is not immediately acted on but is stored for later use
  3. c reinforcement is based on the number of times the behavior occurs
  4. d the process of observing and imitating a specific behavior
  5. e a chamber, also known as a Skinner box, containing a bar or key that an animal can manipulate to obtain a food or water reinforcer, with attached devices to record the animal's rate of bar pressing or key pecking

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. in classical conditioning, the learned ability to distinguish between a conditioned stimulus and stimuli that do not signal an unconditioned stimulus
  2. reinforcement given some period of time after the desired behavior is exhibited
  3. a desire to perform a behavior for its own sake and to be effective
  4. Thorndike's principle that behaviors followed by favorable consequences become more likely
  5. the diminishing of a conditioned response; occurs in classical conditioning when an unconditioned stimulus does not follow a conditioned stimulus; occurs in operant conditioning when a response is no longer reinforced

5 True/False questions

  1. conditioned reinforcera stimulus that gains its reinforcing power through its assocation with a primary reinforcer; also known as secondary reinforcer


  2. unconditioned stimulusin classical conditioning, a stimulus that unconditionally--naturally and automatically--triggers a response


  3. contrapreparednessin classical conditioning, the learned response to a previously neutral conditioned stimulus (CS)


  4. phobiaan irrational fear of a specific object or situation


  5. stimulus generalizationa tendency for the CR to be elicited by neutral stimuli that are like, but not identical to , the CS: in other words , the response gene


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