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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. variable-ratio schedule
  2. response contingency
  3. spontaneous recovery
  4. shaping
  5. fixed-ratio schedule
  1. a in operant conditioning, a schedule of reinforcement that reinforces a response only after a specified number of responses
  2. b in operant conditioning, a schedule of reinforcement that reinforces a response after an unpredictable number of responses
  3. c relationship that occurs when a consequence is dependant on the organisms emitting the desired behavior
  4. d the reappearance, after a rest period, of an extinguished conditioned response
  5. e an operant conditioning procedure in whcih reinforcers guide behavior toward closer and closer approximations of a desired goal

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. in operant condiditon, a schedule of reinforcemetnt that reinforces a response only after an unpredictable amount of time
  2. A built in readiness for certain conditioned stimuli to elicit particualr conditioned responses , so less conditioning (training ) is necessary to produce learning
  3. an irrational fear of a specific object or situation
  4. reinforcement given immediately after the desired behavior
  5. the TIMING of the response (since the previous reinforcer) determines reinforcement; the number of responses made during the interval does not matter; LOWER rates of RESPONDING than ratio schedules.

5 True/False questions

  1. extrinsic motivationa desire to perform a behavior for its own sake and to be effective

          

  2. positive punishmentoccurs when a behavior leads to the removal of a pleasant event or circumstance thereby decreasing the likelihood of a recurrence of the behavior

          

  3. generalizationthe tendency, once a response has been conditioned, for stimuli similar to the conditioned stimulus to elicit similar responses

          

  4. unconditioned stimulusin classical conditioning, a stimulus that unconditionally--naturally and automatically--triggers a response

          

  5. reinforcerin operant conditioning, any event that strengthens the behavior it follows

          

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