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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. ratio schedule
  2. fixed-ratio schedule
  3. phobia
  4. discriminative stimulus
  5. reinfocement
  1. a the process by which consequences lead to an increase in the likelihood that the response will occur again
  2. b an irrational fear of a specific object or situation
  3. c reinforcement is based on the number of times the behavior occurs
  4. d any stimulus such as a stop sign or a doorknob that provides the organism with a cue for making a certain response in order to obtain reinforcement
  5. e in operant conditioning, a schedule of reinforcement that reinforces a response only after a specified number of responses

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. in classical conditioning, an originally irrelevant stimulus that, after association with an unconditioned stimulus, comes to trigger a conditioned response
  2. a type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if followed by a reinforcer or diminished if followed by a punisher
  3. a reinforcement that represents a primary enforcer such as Money. Green paper has no actual value but it represents things you can buy (food which is primary reinforcer)
  4. relationship that occurs when a consequence is dependant on the organisms emitting the desired behavior
  5. behavior that occurs as an automatic response to some stimulus

5 True/False Questions

  1. spontaneous recovery (in classica conditioning)In classical conditioning, the reappearance of an extinguished response after a period of nonexposure to the conditioned stimulus. Events that occurs when the CS again elicits the CR after extinction has occured


  2. stimulus discriminationThe ability to distinguish among stimuli similar to the CS and to respond only to the actual CS , in other words the response generlizes to similar stimuli (In Albert all fur coats all teddybears etc)


  3. partial reinforcementReinforcement that occurs when a response is strengthened because it is followed by the presentation of a rewarding stimulus.


  4. extrinsic motivationa desire to perform a behavior due to promised rewards or threats of punishment


  5. negative punishmentweakens a response through the application of an unpleasant stimulus


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