Science 8 Abbreviations, Units, Formulas

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Abbreviation for density

D (Capital don't confuse with distance)

Abbreviation for mass

M (Capital-don't confuse with meters)

Abbreviation for volume

V (capital-don't confuse with velocity)

Abbreviation for speed

s (lower case-often cursive to not be confused with seconds)

Abbreviation for velocity

v (lower case-don't confuse with volume)

Abbreviation for time

t (lower case-don't confuse with temperature)

Abbreviation for temperature

T (upper case-don't confuse with time)

Abbreviation for pressure

P (can be upper or lower case)

Abbreviation for acceleration

a (lower case)

Abbreviation for degree Celcius

little circle raised and a capital C after.

Abbreviation for Kelvin

K (capital and no degree symbol)

Abbreviation for meter

m (lower case)

Formula for speed

s = d/t speed equals distance divided by time

Formula for distance (science)

d = s x t or distance equals the speed times the total time (remember r x t = d in math)

Formula for time (using speed and distance)

t = d/s or time= distance divided by speed

Formula for density

D=M/V or density = mass divided by the volume

Formula for mass (using volume & density)

M= D x V or mass = density times the volume

Formula for volume (using density & mass)

V = M/D or mass divided by density

Formula for acceleration

Change in velocity divided by the total time or Final velocity minus initial velocity divided by time

Formula for average speed

average speed= total distance/ total time

SI unit for pressure

pascal (p-lower case)

SI unit for distance

meter (m)

SI unit for temperature

kelvin (K-capital)

SI unit for time

second (s-lower case)

SI unit for volume of a liquid

liter (lower case)

SI unit for volume of a rectangular prism

cm^3 or cubic centimer

SI unit for mass

kilogram

SI unit for density of a rectangular prism

kg/cm3

Symbol for results in, leads to, or chemically changes to

arrow to the right

Symbol for change

small triangle (delta symbol)

Formula for a change in velocity

small triangle v(delta) =final velocity minus initial velocity (Vfinal - Vinitial or v2 - v1)

Formula for a change in distance

small triangle d= final distance minus initial distance (dfinal - dinitial or d2-d1)

Abbreviation for potential energy

PE (capitals)

Abbreviation for kinetic energy

KE (capitals)

Abbreviation for energy in notes

E or small e with circle around it

Symbol for increases or rises

arrow up

Symbol for decreases or lowers

arrow down

Symbols for is or equals

=

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