Kripalu Anatomy

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Kripalu YTT 200 Hour Anatomy

3 regions of the spine

Cervical, Thoracic, Lumbar

The acromion process is a part of which joint

shoulder

Antagonists

Muscles that are passively stretched in the opposite direction of the prime movers

Bones of fore arms

radius and ulna

Bones of the lower leg

Tibia and Fibula

Compression is

when there is no space to go deeper into a joint; bone on bone

contraction bends are

against gravity

Depression

when the scapulae moves down the back

Elevation

when the scapulae moves toward the ears

Extension

back bends

External rotation is also

Lateral rotation - rotation away from the center of the body in the transverse plane

Fascia

connective wrapping around the muscles

Flexion

forward bend

Frontal plane

divides the body front and back

Frontal plane is also called

Coronal plane

Horizontal extension

when are is 90 degrees of abduction in line with the shoulder joint in the transverse plane away from the center of the body

Horizontal flexion

when arms are 90 degrees of abduction in line with the shoulder joint in the transvers plane toward the center of the body

Internal rotation is also

Medial rotation - rotation toward the center of the body in the transverse plane

Kyphosis

Rounding of the thoracic spine

Lateral flexion

occurs in the torso as in a side bend

Ligaments are

fibrous bands connecting bone to bone

Main muscles for core stabilization

glutes, obliques (internal and external), rectus abdominus

Movement away from the center of the body inthe coronal plane is

abduction

Movement toward the center of the body in the coronal plane is

adduction

Muscles between the ribs are

the intercostal muscles

Number of cervical vertebrae

7

Number of lumbar vertebrae

5

Number of thoracic vertebrae

12

Percent of body weight of muscles

75-80%

Prime movers

Primary major muscles in a movement

Pronation

internal rotation of forearm or foot

Protraction

brings the scapulae away from the spine as in Chaturanga

Retraction

brings the scapulae toward the spine; as in back bends

Rotation

Movement in the transverse plane (side to side twists)

Sacral/coccygeal curve

5 sacral vertebrae and 4 coccygeal vertebrae

Sagittal plane

divides the body left and right

Stabilizers

Do not perform movement, but fix part(s) of the body to enable movement

Supination

external rotation of forearm or foot

Synergists

assist prime movers

Tendons are

fibrous bands connecting bone to muscle

Tension is

when there is more space to go deeper into the joint; tight/short muscle/tendon/ligament

traction bends are

with gravity

Transverse plane

divides the body top and bottom

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