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Kripalu YTT 200 Hour Anatomy

3 regions of the spine

Cervical, Thoracic, Lumbar

Number of cervical vertebrae

7

Number of thoracic vertebrae

12

Number of lumbar vertebrae

5

Main muscles for core stabilization

glutes, obliques (internal and external), rectus abdominus

The acromion process is a part of which joint

shoulder

Bones of the lower leg

Tibia and Fibula

Bones of fore arms

radius and ulna

traction bends are

with gravity

contraction bends are

against gravity

Muscles between the ribs are

the intercostal muscles

Movement toward the center of the body in the coronal plane is

adduction

Movement away from the center of the body inthe coronal plane is

abduction

Ligaments are

fibrous bands connecting bone to bone

Tendons are

fibrous bands connecting bone to muscle

Percent of body weight of muscles

75-80%

Compression is

when there is no space to go deeper into a joint; bone on bone

Tension is

when there is more space to go deeper into the joint; tight/short muscle/tendon/ligament

Flexion

forward bend

Extension

back bends

Frontal plane

divides the body front and back

Sagittal plane

divides the body left and right

Transverse plane

divides the body top and bottom

Frontal plane is also called

Coronal plane

Rotation

Movement in the transverse plane (side to side twists)

External rotation is also

Lateral rotation - rotation away from the center of the body in the transverse plane

Internal rotation is also

Medial rotation - rotation toward the center of the body in the transverse plane

Supination

external rotation of forearm or foot

Pronation

internal rotation of forearm or foot

Horizontal flexion

when arms are 90 degrees of abduction in line with the shoulder joint in the transvers plane toward the center of the body

Horizontal extension

when are is 90 degrees of abduction in line with the shoulder joint in the transverse plane away from the center of the body

Retraction

brings the scapulae toward the spine; as in back bends

Protraction

brings the scapulae away from the spine as in Chaturanga

Elevation

when the scapulae moves toward the ears

Depression

when the scapulae moves down the back

Lateral flexion

occurs in the torso as in a side bend

Prime movers

Primary major muscles in a movement

Synergists

assist prime movers

Antagonists

Muscles that are passively stretched in the opposite direction of the prime movers

Stabilizers

Do not perform movement, but fix part(s) of the body to enable movement

Sacral/coccygeal curve

5 sacral vertebrae and 4 coccygeal vertebrae

Kyphosis

Rounding of the thoracic spine

Fascia

connective wrapping around the muscles

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