Major Organs of the Endocrine System

Created by BethanyCargile 

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These are notecards made to study for our test on the Endocrine System

Hypothalamus

produces growth hormone, thyrotropin, corticotrophin, gonadotrophin, prolactin inhibitory factor, oxytocin

Pineal Gland (pineal body)

found in the middle of the brain, makes melatonin

Pituitary Gland

also called the "master gland" because it controls all other hormones in the endocrine system

Thyroid Gland

stores all hormones and controls metabolism, including body weight, rate of energy use, and heart rate.

Parathyroid Gland

glands in the back of the thyroid that help regulate blood calcium levels

Thymus Gland

produces hormones involved in the development of white blood cells

Heart

produces atriopeptin that reduces blood volume and pressure and helps regulate fluid balance

Adrenal Gland

produces steroid hormone (regulates metabolism of glucose, sodium, and potassium, and maintain fluid balance) and epinephrine

Kidney

secretes erthropoietin, which stimulate production of red blood ells in bone marrow

Stomach

releases the hormone gastrin that stimulates other glands to increase their output

Pancreas

produces insulin and glucagon, that raises or lowers blood glucose levels for energy

Intestines

makes hormones that stimulate production or release of enzymes that aid digestion

Ovary

female sex organ, located in the pelvis, that produces estrogen and progesterone

Testes

male sex organ, located in the groin, that produces testosterone

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