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Vocabulary

Alternative container

An unfinished wood box or other non-metal receptacle or enclosure, with out ornamentation or a fixed interior lining, which is designed for the encasement of human remains and which is made of fiberboard, pressed-wood.

Artificial grass

Imitation grass made in mat form and used at the cemetery to cover the earth around the grave.

Base

The lower or supporting part of a monument, in some monuments, there may be a first, second and third base.

Bevel Top Marker

A small headstone, set above ground, with a slightly slanting top.

Block

A subdivision of a cemetery containing several lots.

Burial Vault

Outer enclosure for caskets placed in the grave, originally intended to prevent grave robbery.

Canopy(cemetery tent)

A portable shelter employed to cover the grave area during the committal.

Catacombs

Originated in ancient Rome as excavated cemeteries cut out of soft rock for the tombs of wealthy christian's, later became a place for religious rites to avoid persecution.

Cemetery

An area of ground set aside and dedicated for the final disposition of dead human bodies.

Cenotaph

A monument erected to the memory of the dead, with the body not present.

Columbarium

A structure, room, or space in a mausoleum or other building containing niches or recesses used to hold cremated remains.

Corrugated Container

a container used to hold a dead human body which is constructed out of a type of cardboard, which is made with a series of alternate folds and ridges.

Cremated remains

The results of the reduction of a dead human body to inorganic bone fragments by intense heat.

Cremation casket

An environmentally safe casket which is designed for encasing dead human remains for cremation.

Cremation

The reduction of a dead human body to inorganic bone fragments by intense heat.

Cremation Association of North America

Founded in 1913, CANA is an international organization of cemeterians, cremationists, funeral directors, industry suppliers and consultants. CANA was originally formed to promote cremation as a modem, safe and hygienic way of dealing with a dead human body.

Crematory (crematorium)

A furnace or retort for cremating dead human bodies, A building that houses a retort.

Crypt

A chamber in a mausoleum, of sufficient size, generally used to contain the casketed remains of a deceased person.

Die (Tablet)

Main part of a monument, the upright portion above the base where the inscription is located.

Entombment

The placing of remains in a crypt in a mausoleum.

Epitaph

An inscription placed on a monument to commemorate the deeds or qualities of the departed.

Flush marker

A small headstone which is set with its top even with the surrounding terrain.

Grave

An excavation in the earth as a place for internment.

Graveside service.

A ceremony or ritual, religious or otherwise, conducted at the grave.

Grave straps

webbing or similar material used for lowering the casket into the grave.

Horizontal tablet

A type of cemetery monument in which the Die is wider then tall.

Inter (Inhume)

To bury in the ground.

Internment (burial,inhument/inhumation)

The act of placing the dead human body in the ground.

Inurnment

The act of placing cremains in an urn (CANA definition) act of placing cremated remains in a niche or grave.

Lawncrypt

Grave space where two or more persons may be buried in grave liners,which have been stacked one on top of the other.

Lot

A subdivision of a cemetery which consists of several graves or internment spaces.

Lowering device

A mechanical devise used to lower the casket into the grave.

Marker

A small headstone, usually of one piece, used to identify individual graves.

Mausoleum

An above ground structure or building containing crypts or vaults for entombment of caskets, which may also include niches for cremated remains.

Mausoleum crypt

Chamber within a mausoleum or building structure, usually constructed of reinforced concrete, can be assembled above or below ground.

Memorial

A physical object that is designed for the purpose of remembering.

Memorial gathering

A scheduled assembly of family and friends following a death.

Memorial Park

A cemetery or section of a cemetery with only flush to the ground type markers.

Memorial service

Funeral rites with the body not present.

Monument (Latin for to remind)

A structure, usually of stone or metal, erected to commemorate the life, deeds or career of a deceased person.

Mound burial

Ancient Viking custom, after deceased was placed in his boat with items necessary for the spirit to maintain the position held on earth, all was cremated and the pyre then covered with earth.

National Cemetery

A cemetery created and maintained under an act of congress for burial of veterans of military service and their eligible family members.

Niche

A recess or space in a columbarium used for the permanent placing of cremated remains

Ossuary

Receptacle for communal placement of cremated remains.

Perpetual Care

An arrangement made by the cemetery whereby funds are set aside, the income from which is used to maintain the cemetery indefinitely.

Receiving vault

A structure so designed for the temporary storage of bodies which are not to be immediately interred.

Pouch

A leak resistant zippered bag designed to contain a dead human body and body fluids and is used mainly for the removal of dead human remains from the place of death.

Retort

The burning chamber in a crematory.

Scattering Garden

A section in a cemetery set aside for the scattering of cremated human remains.

Section

A subdivision of a cemetery containing several blocks.

Sexton

One who is in charge of a cemetery, the care taker of a church, Historically the church caretaker who had responsibility for church property, ringing of bells and digging of graves in the church yard cemetery. durring the middle ages most funeral practices were under the direction of church officials.

Slant Marker

A cemetery marker that has a face that has an angle greater then 45 degrees but less then a 90 degrees in relationship to the terrain.

Tomb

A general term designating those places suitable for the reception of a dead human body.

Undeveloped

Real estate property that is part of the cemetery but is not presently suitable for internment, entombment, or inurnment,

Urn

A container for cremated remains.

Vertical Table

A type of cemetery monument in which the die is taller than it is wide.

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