AP US HISTORY: 1970'S

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http://www.apnotes.net/ch40.html

SSI

Nixon
Supplemental Security Income
giving benefits to the poor aged, blind, and disabled.

Oil Embargo

Nixon
Following U.S. support of Israel during Israel's in the Six-Day War, the Arab nations imposed an oil embargo.

Cambodia

Nixon
North Vietnamese were holding troops, weapons, and supplies here. Nixon ordered American forces to clean out the area. Protests turned violent. Nixon withdrew the troops later. lead to Ken State Riots.

SALT Talks

Nixon
cut back the weaponry of the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. because it was getting too competitive. Set limits on the numbers of weapons produced.

China

Nixon
Nixon perceived that the Chinese-Soviet tension as an opportunity for the US to pack peace with NV.
Nixon traveled to Moscow. His visits helped relax tensions between the Soviet Union and China

Watergate Break in

Nixon ordered five men working for the Republican Committee to break into the Watergate Hotel to find information on Democratic party
Nixon later had to hand over tapes

Nixon Doctrine

United States would honor its existing defense commitments but in the future, others would have to fight their own wars without the support of American troops.

26th Amendment

Nixon
lowering the voting age to 18.

Great Grain Deal

Nixon
United States agreed to sell the Soviets wheat, corn, and other cereals

Election of 1972

McGovern VS Nixon
many voters thought McGovern was a hippie and too supportive of women and militant Blacks. Nixon won by landslide

Saturday Night Massacre

prosecutor of Watergate scandal case was fired. Both the attorney general and deputy general resigned because they, themselves did not want to fire Cox.

War Powers Act

Nixon
prohibited the President from engaging in military actions for more than sixty days, unless Congress voted approval.

Ford

1st unelected president
Nixon's VP

Helsinki accords

Ford
recognized Soviet boundaries and human rights

Election of 1976

Ford VS Carter
The issues were energy, transportation, and conservation. Carter had no Washington ties. Ford appealed to the upper- middle class

Double Digit Inflation

Carter
Inflation had been steadily rising. Carter thought America was to dependent on foreign oil. He called to improve energy conservation, without much public support.

Double Digit Interest Rates

Interest rates as high as 18%

Iran Hostage Crisis

Young Iranian militants broke into the U.S. Embassy and kept the staff (52) hostage for 444 days. Iranian mobs burned American flag and spitting on effigies of Uncle Sam. The hostages were not released until the inauguration day of Ronald Reagan.

Mariel Boatlift

Mass emigration of Cubans to Florida caused by down turn in Cuban economy which led to Castro sending prisoners, mental patient and sick people to Florida.

Russia's Invasion of Afghanistan

Posed a threat to America's precious oil supplies. Carter placed an embargo on the Soviet Union and boycotted the Olympic Games in Moscow.

Camp David

Peace talks between Egypt and Israel mediated by President Carter here. Israel agreed to withdraw from territory gained in the 1967 war as long as Egypt respected Israel's territories.

Rapid Deployment Force

Carter
quickly respond to crises anywhere in the world.

Panama Canal Treaty

Carter
return of the Panama Canal to the people and government of Panama

Ping Pong Diplomacy

It began when Chinese ping pong team invited the US team to play in China. First group of Americans allowed into China since the Communist takeover in 1949. Paved the way to a visit to Beijing by Nixon

Nixon

Who ended Vietnam War?

speed limit of 55 MPH, Trans-Alaska pipeline, and other forms of energy were researched, cut consumption.

What did Nixon do to try to end America's dependence on foreign oil?

Nixon

Who ordered school buses transportation?

Pardoned Nixon

Ford let Nixon "off the hook" for the things he did against the country while he was in office. No trails, no arrest and no guilt.

Stagflation

Nixon
U.S. was suffering from 5.3% inflation and 6% unemployment. Refers to the unusual economic situation in which an economy is suffering both from inflation and from stagnation of its industrial growth

Clean Air Act

Nixon
Designed to control air pollution. It requires the EPA to develop and enforce regulations to protect the public from air pollution known to be hazardous to human health

Clean Water Act

Nixon
established the goals of eliminating releases of high amounts of toxic substances into water, eliminating additional water pollution, and ensuring that surface waters would meet standards necessary for human sports and recreation.

EPA

Nixon
agency created for the purpose of protecting human health and the environment by writing and enforcing regulations based on laws passed by Congress

OSHA

Nixon
ensure that employers provide employees with an environment free from recognized hazards, such as exposure to toxic chemicals, excessive noise levels, mechanical dangers, heat or cold stress, or unsanitary conditions.

ERA

Nixon
proposed amendment to the Constitution to guarantee equal rights for women
ailed to receive the requisite number of ratifications

Detente

era of relaxed tensions between the Soviet Union and China

Nuclear plants,solar panels, and wind power

What was Carter's approach to ending America's dependence on foreign energy?

Department of Education

Carter
added it to the Cabinet to acknowledge the changing role of the federal government in education.

Department of Energy

Carter
added it to the Cabinet to acknowledge the importance of energy conservation

Yom Kippur War

Egypt and Syria launched a surprise attack on Israel during the Jewish holiday of Yom Kippur on October 6, 1973. Israel counterattacked, won a decisive victory, and had even occupied portions of northern Egypt.

Off Gold Standard

Worried about inflation, Nixon imposed a 90-day wage freeze and then took the nation off the gold standard

Draft Dodgers

Carter
granted unconditional pardons to hundreds of thousands of men who had evaded the draft during the Vietnam War by fleeing the country or by failing to register

Ken State Riots

college kids at ken state attacked police
4 dead, lead to rubber/plastic bullets for riot control

Paris Peace Accords

ended Vietnam War
Nixon

Silent Majority

Nixon
the young people of America that were not hippies or yippies

War on Drugs

Nixon
Drug Rehab programs

Allende

President of Chile assassinated by CIA under Nixon

Pinochet

lead military coup that assassinated Allende

Nixon-Kissinger policy

check Soviet expansion and limit the Soviet arms build-up.

Operation Eagle Claw

name for the Delta mission to rescue Iran Hostages

Agnew

Nixon's 1st vice president

Philadelphia Plan

Nixon
hiring on racial quotas

Six Day War

Nixon
Israel responded to a blockade by Egypt, by launching attacks on Egypt. Won certain territories for defense.
Lead to oil embargo

25th Amendment

Nixon
the president nominates a new VP and Congress decides.

New Federalism

Nixon's policy of giving the states greater responsibility for controlling welfare and other government programs

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