ST 103 week 3 vocab

Created by alexonatsko 

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50 terms

Adrenaline

Epinephrine

Antidiuretic hormone

secreted by the pituitary, increases water reabsorption.

Cortisol

produced by the adrenal cortex, increases blood sugar

Epinephrine

adrenaline

Estrogen

female hormone

Glucagon

hormone which increases blood sugar

insulin

produced by pancreas, acts to lower blood sugar

norepinephrine

noradrenaline

oxytocin

stimulates contraction of the uterus

progesterone

prepares the uterus for pregnancy

somatotropin

growth hormone

testosterone

male hormone

thyroxine (t4)

increases metabolism in cells

vasopressin

antidiuretic hormone

corticosteroids

hormones produced by the adrenal cortex

electrolyte

mineral salt necessary for proper functioning of cells

homeostasis

tendency of an organism to maintain a constant internal environment

hormone

produced by an endocrine gland, travels to distant organ or gland

hypothalamus

secretions stimulate the pituitary gland to release hormones

steroid

complex substance related to fats and of which many hormones are made

gonad/o

sex glands

thyr/o

thyroid gland

cortic/o

outer region

estr/o

female

gluc/o

sugar

home/o

sameness

kal/i

potassium

-agon

assemble, gather together

-tropin

stimulating the function of

-uria

urine condition

eu-

good, normal

oxy-

rapid, sharp, acid

tetra-

four

tri-

three

hyperthyroidism

overactivity of the thyroid gland

thyroid carcinoma

cancer of the thyroid gland

hyperparathyroidism

excessive production of parathormone

gigantism

hyperfunctioning of the pituitary gland before puberty

diabetes mellitus

lack of insulin secretion

acromegaly

enlargement of the extremities

panhypopituitarism

all pituitary hormones are deficient

FBS

fasting blood sugar

FSH

follicle-stimulating hormone

LH

luteinizing hormone

Cushing syndrome

group of symptoms produced by excess of cortisol from the adrenal cortex

TSH

thyroid stimulating hormone

Addison disease

hypofunctioning of the adrenal cortex

Hypo-parathyroidism

deficient production of parathyroid hormone

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