radiographic image of the thoracic cavity (chest film).
computed tomography scan of the chest
computer generated x-ray images show thoracic structure in cross section.
pulmonary angiography or arteriography
x-ray images are obtained after radiopaque contrast is injected into the pulmonary artery.
magnetic resonance imaging of the chest
Magnetic waves create images of the chest in the frontal, lateral and cross-sectional (axial plane).
positron emission tomography scan of the lung
radioactive substance is injected and images reveal metabolic activity in the lung.
detection device records radio activity in the lung after injection of a radioisotope or inhalation of small amount of radioactive gas (xenon).
fiberoptic or rigid endoscope inserted into the bronchial tubes for diagnosis, biopsy, or collection of specimens
placement of a tube through the mouth into the pharynx, larynx and trachea to establish an airway
visual examination of the larynx (voice box)
removal of lung tissue followed by microscopic examination
Endoscopic visual examination of the mediastinum.
pulmonary function test
test that measures the ventilation mechanics of the lung function, lung volume, and the capacity of the lungs to exchange O2 and CO2 efficiently
surgical puncture to remove fluid from the pleural space
major surgical incision of the chest
visual examination of the chest via small incisions and use of an endoscope
surgical creation of an opening into the trachea through the neck.
determines past or present tuberculous infection based on a positive skin reaction
Chest tube is passed through an opening in the skin of the chest to continuously drain a pleural effusion.