Essential Amino Acids
The nine amino acids that your body cannot make, but that are necessary for your cells to make the proteins that they need.
Small carbohydrate molecules (sugars) that digest easily and provide "quick energy" for your body.
Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms linked together in specific forms that can be broken down to give your body the energy it needs.
The liver changes glucose into this complex carbohydrate. It becomes stored energy for later use.
This is the type of essential fatty acid that your body needs in the greatest amount. It is found in most cooking oils.
Large carbohydrate molecules (unrefined starches) that take a long time to digest. They release energy into your bloodstream slowly.
The measure for how quickly food releases energy (in the form of glucose) into your bloodstream.
Essential Fatty Acids
The fatty acids your body can't make but must have in order to continue making the special fats it needs to survive.
A protein (like those found in vegetables) that contains only some of the essential amino acids.
A protein, such as those from meat or eggs, that contains all nine essential amino acids.
Fats that are usually liquid at room temperature, such as those that come from olives or nuts.
another name for fats, based on the three fatty acid molecules linked to a glycerol molecule to make a fat.
One of the two types of essential fatty acids your body needs. Among other foods, it can be found in tuna, dark leafy vegetables and flax seeds.
A vitamin that dissolves easily in water and is NOT stored in your body. Vitamin C has this characteristic.
what occurs when fruits are exposed to air, and the oxygen stimulates cellular enzymes to begin to break down the cell walls, turning the fruit brown.
a condition that occurs when your body doesn't get the proper amount of a vitamin it needs.
A vitamin that dissolves easily in fat and is stored in your body. Vitamin A has this characteristic.
A nutrient originally obtained from non living sources. These nutrients are usually found in the earth, rivers, lakes, streams and oceans, and many are required by your body.
Why do simple carbohydrates give you quick burst of energy, while complex carbohydrates don't necessarily do that?
Many complex carbohydrates take longer to digest.
Which foods provide your body with omega-3 fatty acids?
Salmon, tuna, sardines, dark leafy green vegetables, avocados, sesame seeds, walnuts, pumpkin seeds, flax seed and sesame seeds.