EXAM 1 REVIEW: Ethnography
|1) the qualitative study and systematic recording of human cultures. 2) the descriptive work produced from such research.||What are two definitions of ethnography?|
|1) Participant observation 2) It's Not Good In-depth interviewing, Narratives||What are the main ethnographic techniques?|
|1) Bronislaw Malinowski 2) Provided the first long participant observation of a culture after he was stranded during WW1||Who is "the father of ethnography," and how/why did he obtain that title?|
|1) Living with the natives.|
2) Do not just passively observe, participate. Be persistent, boring, "stupid" and humble.
3) Write everything down, every minute things you observe and feel. And go back and observe, and re-observe the same actions.
4) Create a "synoptic chart" with codes, out of a mass of human life. Detailed tables, diagrams, plans, charts, classifications.
|What are, based on Malinowski, the proper conditions of ethnographic fieldwork?|
| 3 layers of "real" (realism) ethnographic account:|
1) Skeleton: The firm outline of tribal constitution (Society/structure)
2) Flesh and blood: Data of daily life and ordinary behavior (cultural practices)
3) Spirit: the native's views and opinions and utterances/interpretations (cultural beliefs)
|What are the three layers of the "real" ethnographic account, as proposed by Malinowski.|
|1) How to do ethnography in the age of globalization 2) How to ethnography of one's own culture/society||What are the two new challenges for ethnography?|
|1) It frees us up from geographical attachment to everyday and it emphasizes the practice and the process of creating a community 2)||What is the Appadurai's notion of intimacy? What does he replace it with?|
| 1) Colonialism|
3) The idea that we already understand our own society
4) Exotic nature of ethnography
5) The impossibility of gaining objectivity and distance
|Know the reason why ethnographers have not been studying their own societies in the past.|
|1) Irony 2) Story Telling||What are Cock's two strategies for studying one's own society ethnographically?|
|Where the ethnographer acknowledges his own presence on the research and participants in study||What is reflexivity in anthropology/ethnography?|
|I||What were some of Bourgois's ethnographic ideas/struggles/challenges?|
|The Peurto Rican crack dealers of El Barrio||Who are Bourgois's natives?|
| 1) How to avoid producing inferiorizing narratives about his friends, but still capture the suffering and (self) destruction on the streets.|
2) He does not want what he says to be used against these people.
|What is the politics of representation, and why is Bourgois interested in it?|
|1) Factors such as social class, religion, gender, ethnicity, customs, etc. which seem to limit or influence the opportunities that individuals have. 2) the Capacity of individual humans to act independently and to make their own "free" choices.||What is structure? What is agency?|
|Where people in inner city do not passively accept the structures that oppress them; rather, through cultural practices of opposition individuals shape and reshape the larger forces imposed on them||What is the cultural production theory? What are some characteristics of "inner-city culture" as suggested by Bourgois?|
|While doing ethnography, the anthropologist closely observes, records and engages in the daily life of another culture.||Participant Observation|
|Structure||factors such as social class, religion, gender, ethnicity, customs, etc. which seem to limit or influence the opportunities that individuals have.|
|Agency||the capacity of individual humans to act independently and to make their own, "free" choices.|