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What was the first Western music to be preserved in written notation rather than passed down by oral tradition?

religious music

The term, referring to the organization of time in music, gives shape to the pitches of the melody.

rhythm

The __________ is a horizontal grid onto which are put the symbols of musical notation.

staff

Which symbol raises a note to the next higher neighboring tone?

sharp

A __________ is the basic chord in music; it consists of three pitches arranged in a specific manner

triad

What is the word that indicates a loud, sudden attack on a particular note or chord?

sforzando

Which voice category has a range that falls between the high and low male voice categories?

baritone

What is the name of the musical element that refers to the density and disposition of musical lines within a composition?

texture

The musical texture involving two or more simultaneously sounding lines is called __________.

polyphony

Chords that are __________ consist of pitches that sound agreeable and stable.

consonant

__________ is the distinctive sound produced by the interaction of the elements of music, creating a special manner of presentation.

style

What began in the monasteries of Western Europe around the year 1000?

musical notation, with note-heads placed on lines and spaces

Which church administrator decreed that certain chants should be sung on certain days of the liturgical year?

Pope gregory the great

Given to the church as a tithe while still a child, this composer of Gregorian chant later founded a convent and gave advice to popes as well as kings.

Hildegard of Bingen

The Ordinary of the Mass describes

chants with unvarying texts that are sung virtually everyday

What does "humanism" mean?

he belief that people have the capacity to shape their world, and create good and beautiful things; emphasizes self-esteem and human worth

Which term designates a composition sung by a choir without instrumental accompaniment?

a cappella

The Council of Trent, influenced by the music of __________, decided to retain polyphony in the Mass.

Palestrina

A __________ is a distinctive motive that is sung or played in turn by each voice or instrumental line

point of imitation

When music artfully depicts, or even mimics, the text, the result is called:

word painting

The idea that different musical moods could and should be used to influence the emotions of the listener is known as:

doctrine of affections

What was the single most important genre of music to emerge in the Baroque era?

opera

The dramatic text that composers set to music in an opera, oratorio, or cantata is called:

liberetto

What is the name given to the new kind of solo singing that emerged during the early Baroque era?

monody

The most common basso continuo group was the:

harpsicord and a low sting instrument such as the viola da gamba

Which term describes the sharp, abrupt dynamic contrasts found in the music of the Baroque era?

terraced dynamics

Musically heightened speech that relates the action or dramatic narrative to the audience is called:

recitative

What type of vocal style is characterized by clear meter, regular rhythms, and long vocal melismas (one vowel spread out over many notes)?

aria

Orfeo is important in Western music because:

first true opera

In the opera Dido and Aeneas, who dies of a broken heart?

dido

The manner of composing for instruments that exploits the strengths, special abilities, and color of a particular instrument or voice while avoiding its weaknesses is known as:

idiomatic writing

Which instrument dominated the sound of the Baroque orchestra and generally led to the rising popularity of instrumental music?

violin

Which genre of composition consists of two sections; the first is set in a slow duple meter with stately dotted rhythms, while the second is in a fast triple meter in an imitative style?

french overture

What form is typically used in the first and third movements of a concerto grosso?

ritrornello form

Which musician was engaged to teach music for a girl's orphanage, the Hospice of Mercy, and wrote many solo concertos for the all-female orchestra?

vivaldi

How did the style of late Baroque music change from those that characterized the early part of the period?

all of the above.... haha look it up i gues

What is the term adopted by composers to enumerate and identify their compositions?

opus

A note, usually in the bass, that is sustained (or repeated) for a period of time while harmonies change around it is called:

a pedal point

Which composer spent the greatest part of his career as the Cantor of the St. Thomas Church in Leipzig, working there between 1723 and 1750?

bach

The Well-Tempered Clavier consists of two sets of twenty-four

preludes and fugues

Which composer was born and trained in Germany, established his reputation in Italy, and made his career in England?

handel

Water Music is an example of the:

dance suit

This genre, intended for entertainment as well as spiritual edification, had a libretto based on stories from the Bible.

oratorio

Handel conducted the premiere performance of his oratorio Messiah in:

dublin

Where is Handel buried?

West Minister Abbey

The years between ___________ is known as the Classical Period.

1750-1820

Identify the statement regarding comic opera (opera buffa) that does not apply.

(so not about comic opera) it was beautiful, grandiose, somewhat stiff, and expensive to produce.
(about comic opera -->) stories either mocked the nobility for its pomposity and incompetence or criticized it for being heartless

Identify the musical trait that is NOT typical of Classic period style.

rhythm moves in a regular, constant pattern throughout the movement

Phrases that are dependent upon each other to produce a complete musical idea are called __________ and __________.

antecedent, consequent

What term describes the technique of playing the notes of a chord in succession rather than simultaneously, providing a continuous stream of sound?

Alberti bass

Identify the statement that does NOT apply to Vienna during the late eighteenth century.

it was the largest city in Europe

One of the most influential creators of the mature Classical style, he composed 104 symphonies and was the first to use theme and variations form for a movement in that genre. Because of his innovations, he is known as the "father of the string quartet."

Haydn

Which form was the only one that actually came into being in the Classical period?

sonata-allegro

The minuet was most commonly in:

ternary form

A sonata is typically a three-movement composition performed by:

a solo keyboard or instrument

The section in sonata-allegro form that presents the main thematic material of the movement is the:

exposition

Which list cites composers in the correct chronological order?

Josquin, Monteverdi, Corelli, Handel

Which section of sonata-allegro form frequently consists of unstable harmonies, plentiful use of melodic and harmonic sequence, and fugato?

development

Mozart found the system of aristocratic patronage irritating, and after several unpleasant scenes with his patron, the archbishop of Salzburg, he cut himself free and moved to Vienna, determined to make a living as a freelance musician.

true

In sonata-allegro form, the second theme is typically in a contrasting mood with the first.

true

Which musical element is most often altered in theme and variation form?

melody

This composition was first performed in London in 1792, and the audience so enjoyed the theme and variations movement that they cheered, demanding that the orchestra play it again as an encore.

Haydn, Symphony No. 94, "The Surprise," second movement

Which movement of a symphony is normally characterized by a fast tempo, use of sonata-allegro form, and has a serious and substantive mood?

first

Which instrument was added to the orchestra during the Classical period?

clarinet

Which genre is primarily intended for a small audience or just for the performers themselves?

string quartet

Which instrument is most closely associated with the genre of the sonata?

piano

How does the soloist signal the end of the cadenza?

plays a trill

Which vocal genre was not important during the Classical period?

cantata

What is the term for German comic opera?

singspiel

In Don Giovanni, the character of Leporello is:

a faithful, though reluctant, servant

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