9th Grade: Poetry Unit

32 terms by fatmaddie 

Ready to study?
Start with Flashcards

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

The content terminology for this unit.

aesthetic effects

the reactions a reader has to the form, content, and/or beauty of a work and that engender enjoyment or an emotional reaction in that reader
EX- When I read "Ode to my socks" I wished that I wore socks that day, I also thought it was a funny poem.

alliteration

the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
EX- "Alice's aunt ate apples and acorns around August."

assonance

the repetition of vowel sounds within non-rhyming words
EX- "Hear the mellow wedding bells"

blank verse

unrhymed poetry written in iambic pentamter
EX- "Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow,
Creeps in this petty pace from day to day,
To the last syllable of recorded time;"

connotation

the attitudes and feelings associated with a word
EX- "Hollywood holds connotations of romance, beauty and glittering success."

consonance

the repetition of consenants (or consonant patterns) especially at the end of words
EX- "Spelled and scald"

denotation

the literal or dictionary meaning of a word
EX- "House: the actual building or structure"

diction

precise word choice; selection of words for specific denotative, connotative, or figurative purposes
EX-Matsuo for the Haiku made sure it was Harvest moon, not a regular moon

figurative language

speech or writing that departs from literal meaning in order to achieve a special effect or meaning; speech or writing employing figures of speech such as similes, metaphors, etc.
EX- "I'm so hungry I could eat a horse."

fixed form poems

poems that conform to definite, predetermined patterns of line and stanza, e.g., sonnets ballads, haikus, villanelles, sestinas, etc.
EX- "O What is that Sound"

form

the way a poem is laid out on the page; the length and placement of the lines and the grouping of lines into stanzas
EX- The poem has 4 stanzas in "O What is that Sound"

free verse

poetry that does not contain a regular pattern of rhyme and meter
EX- "The fog comes
on little cat feet.
It sits looking
over harbor and city
on silent haunches
and then moves on."

hyperbole

exaggeration
EX- " I ran as fast as lightning"

iambic pentameter

a metrical line of five feet, or units, each of which is made up of two syllables, the first untressed and the second stressed
EX- The first few lines in "Not in a Silver Casket" show this

imagery

vivid or figurative language used to represent those things that can be perceived by the five senses: sights, sounds, smells, tastes, and textures, etc.
EX- "The crisp autumn air reminded me,
of what goods, and other treats..."

lyric poem

a short poem in which a single speaker expresses personal thoughts and feeings
EX- "Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
Thou art more lovely and more temperate.
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May..."

metaphor

a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two things that are basically unike but have something in common without using "like" or "as"
EX- "The dogs were wooly mammoths"

meter

the regular pattern of accented and unaccented syllables in a line of poetry
EX- iambic, trochaic, dactylic, anapestic

mood

the feeling or atmosphere that the writer creates for the reader
EX- In "Caged Bird," the mood switchs to free, calm to rough, scared, back and forth.

narrative poem

a poem that tells a story
EX- Pyramus and Thisbe

onomatopoeia

the use of words such as "pow," buzz," and "crunch" whose sounds suggest their meaning
EX- "BANG! They door was slammed shut!"

personification

endowing animals, ideas, abstractions, or inanimate objects with human characeristics
EX- "Harvest moon- walking around the pond"

poetry

a genre of literature in which indivdual works are generally recognizable in terms of form and/or structure (e.g., meter, versification, rhyme, etc.), and/or precise and figurative use of language
EX- "Haiku," "The Raven"

repitition

a technique in which a sound, word, phrase, or line is repeated for effect or emphasis
EX- "Bells, bells, bells, bells, bells"

rhyme

the occurrence of a similar or identical sound at the ends of two or more words; internal (occurs within a line), end rhyme (occurs at the ends of lines), slant rhyme (occurs when the sounds are not quite identical)
EX- "Not in a Silver Casket" shows rhyme

rhythm

the pattern or flow of sound created by the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry
EX- The Raven has Rhythm

simile

a figure of speech that maes a coparson between two things using the word "like" or "as"
EX- "I ran as fast as lightning"

sonnet

a lyric poem of 14 lines, commonly written in iambic pentamter
EX- "O What is that Sound"

stanza

a grouping of two or more lines in a pattern that is repeated throughout a poem
EX- In "O What is that Sound" each stanza had 4 lines

symbolism

the practice of representing things or ideas by means of other objects or ideas; attributing symbolic meanings or significance to objects, events, or relationships
EX- "Hope is the thing with feathers" shows symbolism throughout the poem saying that "hope" is like a bird.

theme

the main idea in a work of literature
EX- "Haiku" - Loneliness

voice

a writer's unique use of language that allows a reader to "hear" a human personality in his or her writing
EX- How the author wrote it or what emotions it mentions can give us an idea how it would be said

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set