Medical Terminology - Prefix/Suffix/Some terms

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cyan/o-

blue

-ic, -ous, eous, ose, -ar, -ac, -ical, -al

pertaining to

orth/o-

to straighten

cyanotic

bluish skin

orthodontist

specialist who straightens teeth

donto

teeth

gyne-

female

phobin

fear

-ism

process

noct-

sleep; night

nocturia

abnormal condition of night urination

ouron

urine

cutane/o

skin

subcutaneous

below skin

sub-

below; beneath

Mittelschmerz

"middle pain" (during ovulation)

tourniquet

turning instrument used to decrease blood flow

Malaria

"bad air" (transmitted via infected mosquito

hygiene

good health

iris

colored portion of eye

panacea

cure; cure-all

eponym

disease, procedure, test, operatoin named after person(s)/place

Huntington Disease

-4th decade of life
-hereditary
-degenerative neurological disease

Graves Disease

-thyrotoxicosis = toxic thyroid (hyperplasia (bigger) of thyroid gland

Lyme Disease

-1st in Lyme, CT
-infected deer tick
-skin lesions, rash, headache, stiff neck, muscle and jt pain, bullseye

Lou Gehrig Deisease

-famous baseball player
-Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
-degenerative disease
-atrophy of muscles

acronym

first letter of several words to form another word

CAT/CT scan

Computerized Axial Tomography

CABG

(pronounced cabbage)
Coronary Artery Bipass Graft

SAD

Seasonal Affective Disease
-lack of sun = depression, chg in eating habits, doing less

GOMER

Get Out Of My ER (turned away if no insurance)
(illegal is not-for-profit)

OD

overdose; once a day; latin for 'right eye'

CNS

central nervous system

C&S

culture and sensativity

URI

upper respiratory infection

UTI

urinary tract infection

BS

Bachelors of Science, blood sugar, breath sounds, bowel sounds

LOLFOF

Little Old Lady Found on Floor

WDWNWF-NAD

Well-developed, well-nourished [white female] in no acute distress

-ist

specialist

-ology, -logy

study of

-ium

structure

[osteo][arhro][pathy]

bone - joint - disease/process

[an][esthes][ia]

not; no; w/o - feeling - condition of
-reduces pain sensation

[gastro][entero][logy]

stomach - intestines - study of

[hemat][ur][ia]

blood -urine - abnormal condition of

[hyper][glyc][emia]

above ave; excessive; high - sugar, glucose - abnormal blood condition of

[cardio][log][ist]

heart - studies - specialist

[pro][gnos][is]

before; forward - knowledge - condition
-pre-diagnosis; educated guess

[iatro][gen][ic]

treatment - being produced - pertaining to
-got something b/c person had something done

[electro][en(cephalo)][gram]

electricity - brain (head) - record of

-cele

hernia

-centesis

to tap or surgically puncture

-genesis

dev., production

-lysis

breakdown, destroy

-malacia

softening

-megaly

enlargement

-oid

resembling

-oma

tumor

-osis, -ia

(abnormal) condition of

-penia

deficiency

-pexy

to fixate (typically surgically)

-plasty

repair

-poiesis

formation

-ptosis

to droop or perlapse

-sclerosis

hardening

-stasis

to stop; to control

-(o)stomy

new opening

-therapy

treatment

-trophy

dev

atrophy

no or w/o dev

-y

condition; process

-itis

inflammation

a-, an-

not; w/o; no

apnea

not; no; w/o breath

ab-

away from center

ad-

towards center

ante-

before, forward

antepartum

before labor and delivery

anti-

against

brady-

slow

bradycardia

condition of slow heart rate/beat (<50)

tachy-

fast

contra-

against; opposite

contraindication

against what was planned/scheduled

de-

down; lack of

dehydrate

lack of h2o in sys

detoxify

to remove; to get rid of

dys-

bad; difficult; painful

dystrophy

bad dev

dysphagia

difficulty swallowing; painful swallowing

dyspnea

painful or difficulty breathing

eu-

good; well

eupohoria

good feeling

euthanasia

good death (patient specific)

hemi-

left or right

semi-

half

infra-

below; inferior to; beneath

supra-

above; upper

inter-

between

intra-

w/in; into

intrauterine

withing uterus

extra-

outside

ecto-

out; outside

ectopic pregnancy

pertaining to out of place pregnancy

pandemic

disease prevalent country-, continent-, or world-wide

en-

in; w/in

endemic

confined to specific ppl, place

epi-

above

epidemic

disease affecting many ppl simultaneously, and very widespread

para-

near; beside; abnormal; apart from; along side of

pseudo-

false

pseudocyesis

false pregnancy (clinical signs but no embryo)

ultra-

beyond; excess

ultrasound

ultrasonic waves to therapy or diagnostics

Post Concussional Syndrome

-Shell Shock
-symptoms occur a while after concussion

Chinese restaurant syndrome

-rxn, as headache, sweating, etc. to monosodium glutanate, sometimes added to Chinese food

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