5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Suppressed Evidence
- Missing The Point
- False Cause
- tu quoque
- a ("you too"). This is the fallacy of defending an error in one's reasoning by pointing out that one's opponent has made the same error. An error is still an error, regardless of how many people make it. For example, "They accuse us of making unjustified assertions. But they asserted a lot of things, too!"
- b an informal fallacy that occurs when the conclusion of an argument depends on the misinterpretation of a statement that is ambiguous owing to some structural defect
- c a fallacy that occurs when the arguer ignores relevant evidence that outweighs the presented evidence and entails a very different conclusion
- d an informally fallacy that occurs when the premise of an argument entails one particular conclusion but a completely different conclusion is actually drawn
- e Wrongly assumes a cause-and-effect relationship ('A' causes 'B' without proof that a relationship actually exists).
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- when the conclusion of an argument depends on the erroneous transference of an attribute from the parts of something to a whole
- Erroneous transference of an attribute from a class onto its parts
- "to the stick" implied harm if person does not accept the conclusion, threat is logically irrelevant
- A fallacy that introduces an irrelevant issue to divert attention from the subject under discussion
- Attempts to convince you of something by claiming that you'll be accepted or valued if you believe it
5 True/False Questions
Begging The Question → an informal fallacy that occurs when a single question that is really two or more questions is asked, and a single answer is applied to both questions
Appeal to Ignorance → Assumption that whatever cannot be proven false must be true (or vice versa). "No one can prove that the Loch Ness monster doesn't exist, so therefore, it does exist."
Hasty Generalization → Draws a conclusion about a population based on a small sample (jumping to conclusions).
Equivocation → When a writer uses the same term in two different senses in an argument, in order to create a fallacious conclusion
False Dichotomy → Wrongly assumes a cause-and-effect relationship ('A' causes 'B' without proof that a relationship actually exists).