5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Appeal to Pity
- Argument Against the Person
- Appeal to the People
- Appeal to Force
- a "to the stick" implied harm if person does not accept the conclusion, threat is logically irrelevant
- b Attempts to convince you of something by claiming that you'll be accepted or valued if you believe it
- c an informal fallacy that occurs when the conclusion of an argument depends on the misinterpretation of a statement that is ambiguous owing to some structural defect
- d arguer attempts to support conclusion by merely evoking pity.
- e arguer criticizes the person rather than the argument
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Assumption that whatever cannot be proven false must be true (or vice versa). "No one can prove that the Loch Ness monster doesn't exist, so therefore, it does exist."
- A logical fallacy that involves the creation of an easily refutable position; misrepresenting, then attacking an opponent's position.
- Draws a conclusion about a population based on a small sample (jumping to conclusions).
- leaving out a key premise, restating premise, ignoring the question. Includes circular reasoning
- A fallacy that introduces an irrelevant issue to divert attention from the subject under discussion
5 True/False Questions
Complex Question → an informal fallacy that occurs when a single question that is really two or more questions is asked, and a single answer is applied to both questions
Weak Analogy → an informal fallacy that occurs when the conclusion of an argument depends on an analogy (or similarity) that is not strong enough to support enough to support the conclusion
tu quoque → ("you too"). This is the fallacy of defending an error in one's reasoning by pointing out that one's opponent has made the same error. An error is still an error, regardless of how many people make it. For example, "They accuse us of making unjustified assertions. But they asserted a lot of things, too!"
Appeal to Unqualified Authority → cited witness lacks credibility, there are some areas in which no one can be considered an authority, politics, morals, and religion
False Dichotomy → Wrongly assumes a cause-and-effect relationship ('A' causes 'B' without proof that a relationship actually exists).