5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Appeal to the People
- Appeal to Ignorance
- Hasty Generalization
- a When a writer uses the same term in two different senses in an argument, in order to create a fallacious conclusion
- b Erroneous transference of an attribute from a class onto its parts
- c Attempts to convince you of something by claiming that you'll be accepted or valued if you believe it
- d Draws a conclusion about a population based on a small sample (jumping to conclusions).
- e Assumption that whatever cannot be proven false must be true (or vice versa). "No one can prove that the Loch Ness monster doesn't exist, so therefore, it does exist."
5 Multiple choice questions
- arguer criticizes the person rather than the argument
- an informally fallacy that occurs when the premise of an argument entails one particular conclusion but a completely different conclusion is actually drawn
- "to the stick" implied harm if person does not accept the conclusion, threat is logically irrelevant
- an informal fallacy that occurs when the conclusion of an argument depends on an analogy (or similarity) that is not strong enough to support enough to support the conclusion
- general rule is applied to a specific case it was not intended to cover
5 True/False questions
Amphiboly → an informal fallacy that occurs when the conclusion of an argument depends on the misinterpretation of a statement that is ambiguous owing to some structural defect
Red Herring → Erroneous transference of an attribute from a class onto its parts
Slippery Slope → A fallacy that assumes that taking a first step will lead to subsequent steps that cannot be prevented
Appeal to Pity → arguer attempts to support conclusion by merely evoking pity.
False Cause → an informal fallacy that is committed when an arguer presents two non-jointly exhaustive alternatives as if they were jointly exhaustive and then eliminates one, leaving the other as the conclusion