5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- False Cause
- Hasty Generalization
- False Dichotomy
- Appeal to Unqualified Authority
- Weak Analogy
- a Draws a conclusion about a population based on a small sample (jumping to conclusions).
- b Wrongly assumes a cause-and-effect relationship ('A' causes 'B' without proof that a relationship actually exists).
- c cited witness lacks credibility, there are some areas in which no one can be considered an authority, politics, morals, and religion
- d an informal fallacy that is committed when an arguer presents two non-jointly exhaustive alternatives as if they were jointly exhaustive and then eliminates one, leaving the other as the conclusion
- e an informal fallacy that occurs when the conclusion of an argument depends on an analogy (or similarity) that is not strong enough to support enough to support the conclusion
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- arguer attempts to support conclusion by merely evoking pity.
- A fallacy that assumes that taking a first step will lead to subsequent steps that cannot be prevented
- When a writer uses the same term in two different senses in an argument, in order to create a fallacious conclusion
- Assumption that whatever cannot be proven false must be true (or vice versa). "No one can prove that the Loch Ness monster doesn't exist, so therefore, it does exist."
- Attempts to convince you of something by claiming that you'll be accepted or valued if you believe it
5 True/False Questions
Appeal to Force → Assumption that whatever cannot be proven false must be true (or vice versa). "No one can prove that the Loch Ness monster doesn't exist, so therefore, it does exist."
Red Herring → A fallacy that introduces an irrelevant issue to divert attention from the subject under discussion
Division → Erroneous transference of an attribute from a class onto its parts
tu quoque → ("you too"). This is the fallacy of defending an error in one's reasoning by pointing out that one's opponent has made the same error. An error is still an error, regardless of how many people make it. For example, "They accuse us of making unjustified assertions. But they asserted a lot of things, too!"
Straw Man → A logical fallacy that involves the creation of an easily refutable position; misrepresenting, then attacking an opponent's position.