5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Appeal to Unqualified Authority
- Appeal to Force
- Straw Man
- False Cause
- Argument Against the Person
- a cited witness lacks credibility, there are some areas in which no one can be considered an authority, politics, morals, and religion
- b "to the stick" implied harm if person does not accept the conclusion, threat is logically irrelevant
- c A logical fallacy that involves the creation of an easily refutable position; misrepresenting, then attacking an opponent's position.
- d arguer criticizes the person rather than the argument
- e Wrongly assumes a cause-and-effect relationship ('A' causes 'B' without proof that a relationship actually exists).
5 Multiple choice questions
- an informal fallacy that is committed when an arguer presents two non-jointly exhaustive alternatives as if they were jointly exhaustive and then eliminates one, leaving the other as the conclusion
- When a writer uses the same term in two different senses in an argument, in order to create a fallacious conclusion
- ("you too"). This is the fallacy of defending an error in one's reasoning by pointing out that one's opponent has made the same error. An error is still an error, regardless of how many people make it. For example, "They accuse us of making unjustified assertions. But they asserted a lot of things, too!"
- A fallacy that introduces an irrelevant issue to divert attention from the subject under discussion
- Assumption that whatever cannot be proven false must be true (or vice versa). "No one can prove that the Loch Ness monster doesn't exist, so therefore, it does exist."
5 True/False questions
Suppressed Evidence → a fallacy that occurs when the arguer ignores relevant evidence that outweighs the presented evidence and entails a very different conclusion
Hasty Generalization → Draws a conclusion about a population based on a small sample (jumping to conclusions).
Missing The Point → leaving out a key premise, restating premise, ignoring the question. Includes circular reasoning
Amphiboly → general rule is applied to a specific case it was not intended to cover
Accident → an informal fallacy that occurs when the conclusion of an argument depends on the misinterpretation of a statement that is ambiguous owing to some structural defect