5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Appeal to Pity
- tu quoque
- Appeal to the People
- a arguer attempts to support conclusion by merely evoking pity.
- b ("you too"). This is the fallacy of defending an error in one's reasoning by pointing out that one's opponent has made the same error. An error is still an error, regardless of how many people make it. For example, "They accuse us of making unjustified assertions. But they asserted a lot of things, too!"
- c Attempts to convince you of something by claiming that you'll be accepted or valued if you believe it
- d general rule is applied to a specific case it was not intended to cover
- e when the conclusion of an argument depends on the erroneous transference of an attribute from the parts of something to a whole
5 Multiple choice questions
- When a writer uses the same term in two different senses in an argument, in order to create a fallacious conclusion
- an informal fallacy that is committed when an arguer presents two non-jointly exhaustive alternatives as if they were jointly exhaustive and then eliminates one, leaving the other as the conclusion
- Assumption that whatever cannot be proven false must be true (or vice versa). "No one can prove that the Loch Ness monster doesn't exist, so therefore, it does exist."
- Erroneous transference of an attribute from a class onto its parts
- Wrongly assumes a cause-and-effect relationship ('A' causes 'B' without proof that a relationship actually exists).
5 True/False questions
Complex Question → when the conclusion of an argument depends on the erroneous transference of an attribute from the parts of something to a whole
Appeal to Force → "to the stick" implied harm if person does not accept the conclusion, threat is logically irrelevant
Straw Man → A logical fallacy that involves the creation of an easily refutable position; misrepresenting, then attacking an opponent's position.
Suppressed Evidence → "to the stick" implied harm if person does not accept the conclusion, threat is logically irrelevant
Begging The Question → leaving out a key premise, restating premise, ignoring the question. Includes circular reasoning