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Vocabulary, Word parts, singular/plural endings and rules for Medical Terminology

CELL

Basic unit of all living things.

CYTOPLASM

Gel like fluid inside the cell

NUCLEUS

Largest structure within the cell, usually spherical and centrally located. It contains chromosomes for cellular reproduction and is the control center of the cell.

TISSUE

Group of similar cells that performs a specific function.

ORGAN

Two or more kinds of tissues that together perform special body functions.

SYSTEM

Group of organs that work together to perform complex body functions.

Cyan/o

Blue

Erythr/o

Red

Leuk/o

White

Melan/o

Black

Neo/plasm

"new growth"

rhin/o

nose

cyt/o/logy

Study of cells

Hist/o/logy

Study of tissues

Dys/plasia

Abnormal development

Hyper/plasia

excessive development (number of cells)

Leukocytosis

Increase in the number of white blood cells

Diagnosis

State of complete knowledge (identifying a disease)

Prognosis

State of before knowledge (prediction of the outcome of disease)

Etiology

Study of causes (of diseases)

Iatrogenic

Produced by a physician (the unexpected results from a treatment prescribed by a physician)

Oncology

Study of tumors (branch of medicine concerned with the study of malignant tumors)

Oncologist

Physician who studies and treats tumors.

Pathology

Study of disease (branch of medicine dealing with the study of the causes of disease and death)

Pathologist

Physician who studies diseases

-pathy

"disease"

Radiation therapy

Treatment of cancer with a radioactive substance, x-ray, or radiation

Radiation therapist

One who administers radiation therapy

Radiology

Science of dealing with x-rays and other radiologic technology for the purpose of internal examination.

Radiologist

One who administers radiologic exams.

Geriatrics

Branch of medicine pertaining to the elderly

physicians' offices

provide diagnosttic and treatment services in a private office setting

HMO

health maintenance organization -provides wide range of services by a grouop of primary-care physicians, specialists, and other healthcare professionals in a prepaid system

dermat/o

skin

enter/o

small intestine

home health care

provides nursing, therapy, personal care, or housekeeping services in patient's own home

rehabilitation centers

provide intensive physical and occupational therapy; includes impatient and outpatient treatment

hospices

provide supportive treatment to terminally ill patients and their families

word root

is the foundation of the word

prefix

is at the begining of a word

combining vowel

vowel (usually o) that links the word root to another word root or a suffix

aden\o

gland
(combining form)

carcin/o

cancer
(combining form)

cardi/o

heart
(combining form)

chem/o

chemical

cis/o

to cut

pulmon/o

lung

path/o

disease

ophthalm/o

eye

neur/o

nerve

nephr/o

kidney

laryng/o

voice box

immun/o

immunity

hydr/o

water

hemat/o

blood

gynec/o

female

gastr/o

stomach

enter/o

small intestines

Acute or general hospitals

...

specialty care hospitals

...

nursing homes or long-term care facilitits

...

ambulatory care centers, surgical centers, or outpatient clinics

...

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