Quiz 4: Essentials of Human Diseases and Conditions

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Chapter 9-Respiratory System

URI ( Upper Respiratory tract infection)( Common cold)

Is an acute inflammatory process that affects the mucus membrane that lines the upper respiratory tract


Acute or chronic inflammation of the mucus membrane of the para-nasal sinuses


Pharyngitis is acute or chronic inflammation or infection of the Pharyngitis


Inflammation of the larynx, including the vocal cords

Deviated septum

a crooked nasal septum( the cartilage partition between the nostrils)


is the impairment or loss of sense of smell

Epistaxis( Nosebleed)

Epistaxis is hemorrhage from the nose


Hemoptysis is the coughing or spitting up of blood from the respiratory tract


is an airless or collapsed state of the pulmonary tissue

Pulmonary Embolism

Occurs when a blood clot or other material(e.g., foreign body, or tumor) lodges in and occludes an artery in the pulmonary circulation


us an infection of the lungs


( severe acute respiratory syndrome)

Pulmonary abscess

An area contained infectious material in the lung.


Legionnaires' Disease and Pontiac Fever
Legionella pneumophila


Generalizes, highly contagious,acute viral disease that occurs in annual outbreaks.

COPD(Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)

Bronchitis is inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the bronchi

Acute and Chronic Bronchitis

Bronchitis is inflammation of the mucus membrane lining the bronchi


Permanent,irreversible dilation or distortion of one or more of the bronchi, resulting from destruction of muscular and elastic portions of the bronchial walls.

Pulmonary Emphysema

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder characterized by destructive changes in the alveolar walls and irreversible enlargement of alveolar air space.


Chronic disease caused by increased reactivity of the tracheobronchial tree to various stimuli

Pleurisy( Pleuritis)

An inflammation of the membranes surrounding the lungs and lining the pleural cavity


Collection of air or gas in the pleural cavity that results in a collapsed or partially collapsed lung


Accumulation of blood and fluid in the pleural cavity

Flail Chest

Condition of instability in the best wall caused by multiple rib fractures; the sternum may also be fractured

Pulmonary Tuberculosis(TB)

Chronic,acute, or subacute infection of the lungs by Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Infectious Mononucleosis

Glandular fever, is an acute herpes virus infection

Adult Respiratory Distress syndrome (ARDS)

Shock lungs: Severe pulmonary congestion characterized by acute respiratory distress and hypoxemia

Lung Cancer

Most common cause of cancer death worldwide for both men and women, accounting for 28% of all cancer deaths
Usually caused by repeated carcinogenic irritation to the bronchial epithelium leading to increased rates of cell division

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome(SIDS)

Sudden and unpredicted death of an infant under the age of 1 year


Acute, severe inflammation and obstruction of the respiratory tract.

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