the main British naval port in the West Atlantic in1749
Battle of the Plains of Abraham
Quebec was captured after this battle
Signed in 1763. meant to protect Natives from uncontrolled white settlements
Signed in 1774, intended to reorganize the way these British territories were governed
British colonies to the south of Quebec
Colonists who remained loyal to the British king
British settlers who rebelled against England in the Thirteen Colonies
River system in the mid part of United States.
War of 1812
The war between the United States and Great Britain from 1812 to 1815.
General Isaac Brock
Military commander, administrator of Upper Canada. hero of the battle of Queenston Heights in 1812.
Head of government in Quebec
Wealthy ruling group who controlled Lower Canada
Leader of the French in the assembly in Lower Canada
Form of government opposing the monarchy
Wealthy ruling group who controlled Upper Canada
William Lyon Mackenzie
Leader of the reformers in Upper Canada.
He was sent to investigate the causes of the rebellions and to propose changes.
A system which requires that government ministers should be elected members of the legislative assembly, not appointed by the governor
Act of Union
This act united Upper and Lower Canada into one colony
Popularizer of responsible government and one of the first proponents of a bicultural nation.
Politician from Lower Canada who demonstrated French/English cooperation with Robert baldwin and went on to shape democratic reforms in British North America.
explorer, fur trader (b at London, Eng 1745; d there Nov 1792). He joined the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC) and first European to reach the Arctic Ocean in 1766.
fur trader, explorer, surveyor, mapmaker. Apprenticed to the HUDSON'S BAY CO in 1784, Thompson devoted most of his life to the study of geography and the practice of mapmaking. The maps, based primarily on his own explorations and observations, were the first to provide a comprehensive view of the vast western territories that became part of Canada in 1870
A major force in the fur trade from the 1780s to 1821
Hudson Bay Company
The oldest incorporated joint stock company in the English-speaking world. Begun in 1670 and run as a monopoly devoted to the fur trade.
American Civil War
Conflict between the Northern US states (Union) and the Southern states that seceded and formed the Confederacy 1861-65. It was important in the development of a separate Canadian identity.
John A. Macdonald
First prime minister of Canada
Journalist, politician (b at Alloa, Scot 29 Nov 1818; d at Toronto, Ont 9 May 1880). First a fierce opponent then a staunch supporter of Confedration.
A mutual reduction of duties charged on goods exchanged between Canada and the US.
Change in technology, brought about by improvements in machinery and by use of steam power
Period of immigration to Canada from 1815 to 1850
T he union of the British North American colonies of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Canada. Achieved 1 July 1867.
A type of political system in which legislative power is divided between a central or federal legislature and a number of state or provincial legislatures
Head of the Canadian Government. Reports to the British monarch.