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Which one of the following is not considered an experiential and relationship-oriented therapy?

family systems therapy

Which humanistic approach emphasizes the basic attitudes of the therapist as the core of the therapeutic process?

person-centered therapy

Presenting one model to which all trainees subscribe

is dangerous in that it can limit their effectiveness in working with a diverse range of future clients

Which of the following statements about theories or models of counseling/ psychotherapy is true?

there is a clear place for theoretical pluralism is our society

What type of factors oftentimes limit our freedom of choice?

all of these (social biological environmental cultural)

Which of these statements about interventions is true?

during the course of an individual's therapy, different interventions may be needed at different times

Which approach was developed during the 1940s as a nondirective reaction against psychoanalysis?

person-centered therapy

Which of the following statements best describes the author's view of the medical model?

a focus on the medical model emphasizes strengths and competencies rather than psychopathology

A comprehensive approach to counseling:

goes beyond focusing on our internal dynamics and addresses those environmental and systemic realties that influence us

Effective psychotherapy is a practice in which:

the client and therapist collaborate in co-constructing solutions to problems

It is especially important for counselors who work with culturally diverse client populations to:

all of these (examine their own assumptions about cultural values, have a broad base of counseling techniques that can be employed with flexibility, consider the cultural context of their clients in determining what interventions are appropriate, be aware of their own cultural heritage)

According to the text, research shows that counselor values influence:

all of these (therapy goals, assessment strategies, and treatment outcome)

Clients place more value on ____than on ____

the personality of the therapist, the specific technique used

An authentic counselor is best described as:

being willing to shed stereotyped roles and being a real person

In the text, all of the following are listed as characteristics of the counselor as a therapeutic person except:

counselors no longer have to cope with personal problems

Which of the following statements about theories or models of counseling/ psychotherapy is true?

there is a clear place for theoretical pluralism in our society

Personal therapy for therapists can be instrumental in assisting them:

all of these (to work through their own personal conflicts, to understand their own needs and motives for choosing to become professional helpers, to gain and experimental sense of what it is like to be a client, to heal their own psychological wounds)

The author describes the characteristics of an effective counselor. By including this information in the chapter, he is hoping to convey the message that:

you should develop your own concept of what personality traits you think are essential to strive for to promote your own personal growth

During an initial session, an adolescent girl tells you that she is pregnant and is considering an abortion. Which of the following would be the most ethical and professional course for you to follow?

Help her to clarify the range of her choices in light of her own values

Culturally encapsulated counselors would be most likely to:

depend entirely on their own internalized value assumptions about what is good for people

Which of the following is not considered an essential skill of an effective culturally competent counselor?

being able to get clients to intensify their feelings by helping them to vividly re-experience early childhood events

Essential components of effective multicultural counseling include all of the following except:

counselors avoid becoming involved in our-of-office interventions

In working with culturally diverse clients, it helps to understand and assess:

all of these (the attitudes these clients have about seeking counseling for their personal problems, the degree of acculturation that has taken place, the messages they received from their culture about asking for professional help, what these clients expect from counseling)

Which of the following is not a method of increasing effectiveness in working with diverse client populations?

realize that practicing from a multicultural perspective will probably make your job very difficult.

The____ factors —the alliance, the relationship, the personal and interpersonal skills of the therapist, client agency, and extra-therapeutic factors—are the primary determinants of therapeutic outcome.

contextual

An integrative perspective is not developed in a random fashion.

true

Since Corey challenges the deterministic notion that humans are the product of their early conditioning and, thus, are victims of their past, he believes that an exploration of the past is rarely useful.

false

Both family therapy and feminist therapy are based on the premise that to understand the individual it is essential to take into consideration the interpersonal dimensions and the sociocultural context rather than focusing primarily on the intrapsychic domain.

true

Psychotherapy is a process of engagement between two people, both of whom are bound to change through the therapeutic venture.

true

With respect to mastering the techniques of counseling and applying them appropriately and effectively, it is Corey's belief that you are your own very best technique.

true

Much of effective therapy is the product of artistry.

true

Rudolf Dreikurs is credited with popularizing the Adlerian approach in the United States.

true

Reality therapy applies the principles of learning to the resolution of specific behavioral problems.

false

Donald Meichenbaum is a prominent contributor to the development of cognitive behavior therapy.

true

Reality therapy is based on choice theory and focuses on the client assuming responsibility in the present.

true

If we are inauthentic, it is unlikely that our clients will detect it.

false

Therapists should not admit their mistakes since that could diminish their clients' confidence in them.

false

Truly dedicated therapists carry the problems of their clients around with them during leisure hours.

false

Your role as a counselor is to provide a safe and inviting context in which clients can explore the congruence between their values and their behavior.

Your role as a counselor is to provide a safe and inviting context in which clients can explore the congruence between their values and their behavior.

true

The general goals of counselors must be congruent with the personal goals of the client.

true

Counselors from all cultural groups must examine their expectations, attitudes, biases, and assumptions about the counseling process and about persons from diverse groups.

true

Practitioners must have had the same experiences as their clients in order to have empathy for them.

false

Ideally, our self-care should mirror the care we provide for others.

true

Synthesizing the approaches covered in the text

often requires many years of study, training, and practical counseling experience

Which humanistic approach emphasizes the basic attitudes of the therapist as the core of the therapeutic process?

person-centered therapy

Presenting one model to which all trainees subscribe

is dangerous in that it can limit their effectiveness in working with a diverse range of future clients

Which of the following statements about theories or models of counseling/psychotherapy is true?

There is a clear place for theoretical pluralism in our society

What type of factors oftentimes limit our freedom of choice?

all of these (social, biological, environmental, cultural)

Which approach was developed during the 1940's as a non-directive reaction against psychoanalysis?

person-centered therapy

Which of the following statements best describes the author's view of the medical model?

A focus on the medical model restricts therapeutic practice because it stresses deficits

A comprehensive approach to counseling:

goes beyond focusing on our internal dynamics and addresses those environmental and systemic realities that influence us

It is especially important for counselors who work with culturally diverse client populations to:

all of these (examine their own assumptions about cultural values, have a broad base of counseling techniques that can be employed with flexibility, consider the cultural context of their clients in determining what interventions are appropriate, be aware of their own cultural heritage)

According to the text, research shows that counselor values influence:

all of these (therapy goals, assessment strategies, treatment outcome)

Regarding psychotherapy treatment outcome, research suggests all of the following except:

therapy techniques are the key component of successful treatment

An authentic counseling is best described as:

being willing to shed stereotyped roles and being a real person

In the text, all of the following are listed as characteristics of the counselor as a therapeutic person except:

counselors no longer have to cope with personal problems

Which of the following statements about theories or models of counseling/psychotherapy is true?

there is a clear place for theoretical pluralism in our society

In the text, the main reason given for having counseling students receive some form of psychotherapy is to help them:

learn to deal with countertransference

Personal therapy for therapist can be instrumental in assisting them:

all of the above (to work through their own personal conflicts, to understand their own needs and motives for choosing to become professional helpers, to gain an experiential sense of what it is like to be a client, to heal their own psychological wounds)

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