5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- What are milia?
- What is the Stratum Corneum [from L. "stratum" = layer, "cornus" = horn] ?
- What happens to skin as it ages?
- What are Free Radicals?
- Besides wrinkles, what is another skin problem which significantly detracts from the face and skin's appearance?
- a The outer layer of skin get thick, and the underlying layer of skin gets thin, resulting in skin that looks rough and sagging in appearance. [Cosmetic Cop Podcast, July 18th, 2012]
- b The horny outer layer of the Epidermis, consisting of several layers of flat, keratinized (replete with the protein keratin thus becoming horn-like in texture), nonnucleated, dead or peeling cells. [http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/stratum+corneum?s=t]
- c Small whitish lumps on the skin caused by clogged sebaceous glands. Milia typically occur on the face with the most common locations being around the eyes, face, across the nose and cheeks. In many instances, Milia disappear after a few weeks.
- d Dark spots. 21% of visits to the Dermatologist are for the treatment of dark spots.
- e Oxygen atoms or molecules with unpaired electrons that cause oxidation by stealing an electron from another molecule, damaging the molecules structure, and subsequently, the larger structure of which the molecule is a part (i.e. skin cell)
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Cosmetic companies cannot lay claim to their products having any "Biological Activity" because they would need to be classified as "drugs" by the FDA and be subject to clinical trials.
- Blackheads (also called Comedones) are an accumulation of sebum, keratin, skin debris and bacteria within a hair follicle. Follicles in the skin become blocked with sebum, causing the follicle to widen, and collect dead skin cells and bacteria. Blackheads, in contrast to Whiteheads, are open to the air, causing the oils to oxidize, turning them brown (similar process to an apple browning with exposure to oxygen). [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comedo]
- Elastin is an elastic protein in connective tissue that allows many tissues in the body to resume their shape after stretching or contracting
- A Pedicure. Scrubbing off the dead skin cells on the heel of the foot, results in the exposure of softer, smoother skin underneath. The heel looks brand new, practically baby smooth. The wrinkles are gone. The skin looks baby new. [Cosmetic Cop Podcast, July 18th, 2012]
- Sour milk. Sour milk contains Lactic Acid, which is an example of an AHA and thus a natural exfoliant for the skin. This was likely very helpful to Cleopatra for exfoliating off brown spots and other sun damage resulting from the desert climate of Egypt.
5 True/False Questions
What effect does Alcohol have on skin? → Increased levels of estrogen can result in unwanted dark spots on the skin; however, estrogen also works to maintain the skin's youthfulness. After menopause, women who do not take estrogen will find that their skin's appearance will decline rapidly. Health takes precedence though; do not take estrogen replacement therapy if it is contraindicated.
What are some examples of Emolllients? → Classic examples are petrolatum and lanolin. For sensitive skin, dimethicone and shea butter.
What is keratin? → A fibrous protein that occurs in the outer layer of skin and in horny tissues such as hair, feathers, nails and hooves.
What is an Emulsifier [from L. "emulgere" = to milk out, from "ex" = out and "mulgere" = to milk]? → The horny outer layer of the Epidermis, consisting of several layers of flat, keratinized (replete with the protein keratin thus becoming horn-like in texture), nonnucleated, dead or peeling cells. [http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/stratum+corneum?s=t]
What are some natural anti-inflammatory ingredients? → Classic examples are petrolatum and lanolin. For sensitive skin, dimethicone and shea butter.