Level 3000 Level 4 RW Exploring content 2 Chapter 2 Understanding instinct and learning Vocabulary 2a

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Level 3000 Level 4 RW Exploring content 2 Chapter 2 Understanding instinct and learning Vocabulary 2a

Associative learning

a learning process in which discrete ideas and percepts become linked to one another

To Bond with

: to form a close relationship with someone

Critical

extremely important

Dominant

more important, powerful, or successful than most or all others

Hierarchy

a system in which people or things are placed in a series of levels with different importance or status

Ecological niche

an environment that has all the things that a particular plant or animal needs in

Ecosystem

everything that exists in a particular environment, ncludes living things, such as plants and animals, and things that are not living, such as rocks, soil, sunlight, and water

Hereditary

passed or able to be passed from parent to child before birth

Imprinting

to cause (something) to stay in your mind or memory

Innate

existing from the time a person or animal is born

Insight

the ability to understand people and situations in a very clear way

Instinct

a way of behaving, thinking, or feeling that is not learned : a natural desire or tendency that makes you want to act in a particular way

Invertebrates

a type of animal that does not have a backbone

Reflex

an action or movement of the body that happens automatically as a reaction to something

Resource

a supply of something (such as money) that someone has and can use when it is needed

Allocation

to divide and give out (something) for a special reason or to particular people, companies, etc

Territorial behavior

used to describe animals or people that try to keep others away from an area that they use or control

Vertebrates

an animal that has a backbone

Inappropriate

not right or suited for some purpose or situation

Component

one of the parts of something (such as a system or mixture)

Consequences

something that happens as a result of a particular action or set of conditions

Diverse

made up of people or things that are different from each other

Element

a particular part of something (such as a situation or activity)

Exploit

to get value or use from (something)

Grasping

to try to take or get (something) in an eager or desperate way

Isolated

separate from others

Refinement

the act or process of improving something —often + of

Relationship

the way in which two or more people, groups, countries, etc., talk to, behave toward, and deal with each other

Reward

[+ obj] to give money or another kind of payment to (someone or something) for something good that has been done

Scarcity

a very small supply : the state of being scarce [count]

Whereas

—used to make a statement that describes how two people, groups, etc., are different

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