Roman Empire

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Julius Caesar

Popular general who was made "Dictator for Life" and later assassinated in the Senate.

Cleopatra

Julius Caesar's Egyptian lady love

Mark Antony

Young senator and friend of Caesar; lover of Cleopatra; lost to Octavius by committing suicide

Octavian/Augustus

Nephew of Caesar and 1st Emperor of Rome; Ruled in peace for 44 years. Emperor when Jesus was born.

Tiberius

Cruel emperor who moved palace to Capri; he was emperor when Jesus died.

Nero

Reportedly "fiddled while Rome burned." Blamed fire on Christians

5 Romance Languages

French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian

Flavian Ampitheater

The Colosseum--a 50,000 seat stadium for entertaining the masses with gladiator fights

Circus Maximus

Huge oval stadium for chariot races

Pantheon

A temple in Rome dedicated to all (pan) the gods (theo). Dome has a hole in the top.

Goths, Vandals, Huns

3 barbarian tribes who contributed to the downfall of the western half of the Roman Empire.

Odoacer

Germanic warrior who ran off the last Roman emperor in 476; he became the first barbarian king of Italy.

476 CE

Generally considered to be the year of the fall of the western Roman Empire

Mt. Vesuvius

The volcano that destroyed the cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum in 79 CE

"Veni. Vidi. Vici."

Quote by Julius Caesar. Means "I came. I saw. I conquered."

"The die is cast."

Quote by Julius Caesar spoken before he crossed the Rubicon to march on Rome. Means he's taking a gamble, and no one knows how it will turn out, but there's no going back.

Date of Caesar's assassination

March 15, 44 BCE (The Ides of March)

aqueduct

A miles-long arched structure built by the Romans for bringing water from the mountains to the people.

"I would rather be the first man [in a barbarian village] than the second man in Rome."

Quote by Julius Caesar--demonstrates his hunger for power.

"Et tu, Brute. Then fall Caesar."

From Shakespeare's play "Julius Caesar;" they're Caesar's last words before dying. Phrase means, "And you, Brutus? Then, I'll give up and die."

Attila

Powerful Chieftain of the Huns; super scary barbarian; "The Scourge of God"

Constantinople

The capital of the eastern half of the Roman Empire.

Greco-Roman culture (Greek-Roman)

Classical civilization

Triumph

parade through Rome; only granted to those who'd killed a minimum of 5,000 of the enemy

gravitas

- the admired Roman virtue of having discipline, strength, and loyalty (today, it means "seriousness")

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com. Click to see the original works with their full license.

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