physician specialist in treatment of skeletal and joint disorders
the cause of a disease
Subjective indications of disease reported by the patient.- pain, dizziness,itching
is a comprehensive, hands-on survey of the patient's body. During this examination, check the patient's vital signs and observe the signs and symptoms of injuries or the effects of illness.
objective manifestations of disease that can be observed or measured by others
process of determining the nature of a disorder by considering the signs, symptoms, medical history, etc. of a patient
examine (a body part) by palpation
rotator cuff muscles
Supraspinatus, Infraspinatus, Teres minor, Subscapularis
active ROM, passive ROM, Resistive ROM, manual muscle test
occurs when inflamed and swollen tendons are caught in the narrow space between the bones within the shoulder joint
grade II tendonitis
inflammation of a tendon
nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
motor vehicle accident
are produced by the transmission of X-Rays through a patient to a capture device then converted into an image for diagnosis
When a bonebreaks into more than two pieces and possibly punctures the skin
open reduction internal fixation, Open reduction means the surgery is done with an incision to open the area and perform the operation. Internal fixation refers to the hardware used to hold everything together.
is a metal rod forced into the medullary cavity of a bone.
non weight bearing
a series of x-ray photographs taken from different angles and combined by computer into a composite representation of a slice through the body.
an inflammation of bone and bone marrow (usually caused by bacterial infection)
is the medical removal of a patient's dead, damaged, or infected tissue to improve the healing potential of the remaining healthy tissue.
an oral antibiotic (trade name Cipro) used against serious bacterial infections of the skin or respiratory tract or urinary tract or bones or joints
partial weight bearing
weight bearing as tolerated
full weight bearing
a technique that uses magnetic fields and radio waves to produce computer-generated images that distinguish among different types of soft tissue; allows us to see structures within the brain
false joint resulting from faulty fracture healing
transplantation of a piece of bone from one site to another to repair a skeletal defect
swelling from excessive accumulation of serous fluid in tissue
valgus stress test
The patient is positioned in sitting with the elbow in 20 - 30 degrees of flexion. The therapist places one hand on the elbow and the other hand proximal to the patient's wrist. The therapist applies a valgus force to test the medial collateral ligament while palpating the medial joint line. A positive text is indicated by increased laxity in the medial collateral ligament when compared to the contralateral limb, apprehension or pain. A positive test may be indicative of a medial collateral ligament sprain.
Patient in supine with knee flexed to 20-30 deg. Therapist stabilizes distal femur with one hand and places other hand on proximal tibia. Therapist applies anterior directed force to tibia on femur. Positive test indicated by excess anterior translation of tibia on femur with diminished/absent end-point, may be indicative of ACL injury
usuall caused by lateral impact to the knee (valgus force)
non impact most common reason, cutting and jumping activities
breathe in; inhale
blood in a joint
Wooden or metal crutches, adjustable or nonadjustable, that fit under a person's upper arms and into the axilla with a handpice to grasp
surgically repairing the joint with little cameras
Double condyloid synovial joint (medial and lateral compartments)
short of breath
deep vein thrombosis
an anticoagulant (use to prevent and treat a thrombus or embolus