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Biological model of disorders

View of psychological disorders have a biochemical or physiological basis

Psychoanalytic model of disorders

view that psychological disorders result from unconscious internal conflicts

Cognitive-behavioral model of disorders

view that psychological disorders result from learning maladaptive ways of thinking and behaving

Diathesis-stress model of disorders

View that people biologically predisposed to a mental disorder will tend to exhibit that disorder when particularly affected by stress

Disthesis

biological predisposition

Systems approach to disorders

view that biological, psychological, and social risk factors combine to produce psychological disorders. AKA biopyschological model

the Personality disorders

Antisocial, borderline, narcissistic, and dependent _ disorder

the Adjustment disorders

_ disorder with depressed mood, _ disorder with conduct disturbance

the impulse-control disorders

kleptomania, pyromania, pathological gambling

the sleep disorders

insomnia, narcolepsy, sleep terror disorder

the eating disorders

anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa

the sexual/gender identity disorders

hypoactive sexual desire, male erectile disorder, female orgasmic disorder, vaginismus

the dissociative disorders

_ amnesia, _ fugue, _ identity disorder, depersonalization disorder

the factitious disorders

factitious disorder with predominately physical signs and symptoms

somatoform disorders

somatization disorder, conversion disorder, hypochondriasis

the anxiety disorders

panic disorder with agoraphobia, social phobia, OCD, post-traumatic-stress disorder, generalized anxiety disorder

the mood disorders

major depressive disorder, dysthymic disorder, bipolar disorder

mood disorders

disturbances in mood or prolonged emotional state

depression

a mood disorder characterized by overwhelming feelings of sadness, lack of interest in activities, and perhaps excessive guilt or feelings or worthlessness

psychotic

marked by defective or lost contact with reality

mania

a mood disorder characterized by euphoric states, extreme physical activity, excessive talkativeness, distractedness, and sometimes grandiosity

bipolar disorder

a mood disorder in which periods of mania and depression alternate, sometimes with periods of normal mood intervening

cognitive distortions

an illogical maladaptive response to early negative life events that leads to feelings of of incompetence and unworthiness that are reactivated whenever a new situation arises that resembles the original events

anxiety disorders

disorders in which anxiety is a characteristic feature or the avoidance of anxiety seems to motivate abnormal behavior

specific phobia

anxiety disorder characterized by intense, paralyzing fear of something

social phobia

an anxiety disorder characterized by excessive, inappropriate fears connected with social situations or performances in front of other people

agoraphobia

an anxiety disorder that involves multiple, intense fear of crowds, public places, and other situations that require separation from a source of security, such as home

panic disorder

an anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent panic attacks in which the person suddenly experiences intense fear or terror without any reasonable cause

generalized anxiety disorder

an anxiety disorder characterized by prolonged vague but intense fears that are not attached to any particular object or circumstance

OCD

an anxiety disorder in which a person feels driven to think disturbing thoughts and/or to perform senseless rituals

psychosomatic disorders

disorders in which there is a real physical illness that is largely caused by psychological factors such as stress and anxiety

somatoform disorders

disorders in which there is an apparent physical illness for which there is no organic basis

Somatization disorder

a somatoform disorder characterized by recurrent vague somatic complaints without a physical cause

conversion disorders

somatoform disorders in which a dramatic specific disability has no physical cause but instead seems related t psychological problems

hypochondriasis

a somatoform disorder in which a person interprets insignificant symptoms as signs of serious illness in the absence of any organic evidence of such illness

body dysmorphic disorder

a somatoform disorder in which a person becomes so preoccupied with his or her imagined ugliness that normal life is impossible

dissociative disorders

disorders in which some aspect of the personality seems separated from the rest

dissociative amnesia

a dissociative disorder characterized by loss of memory for past events without organic causes

dissociative fugue

a dissociative disorder that involves flight from home and the assumption of a new identity with amnsia for past identity and events.

dissociative identity disorder

i dissociative disorder in which a person has several distinct personalities that emerge at different times

depersonalization disorder

a dissociative disorder whose essential feature is that the person suddenly feels changed or different in a strange way

sexual dysfunction

loss or impairment of the ordinary physical responses of sexual function

erectile disorder

the inability of a man to acheive or maintain an erection

female sexual arousal disorder

the inability of a woman to become sexually aroused or to reach orgasm

sexual desire disorders

disorders in which the person lacks sexual interest or has an active distaste for sex

sexual arousal disorder

inability to achieve or sustain arousal until the end of intercourse in a person who is capable of experiencing sexual desire

orgasm

peaking of sexual pleasure and release of sexual tension

orgasmic disorders

inability to reach orgasm in a person able to experience sexual desire and maintain arousal

premature ejaculation

inability of a man to inhibit orgasm as long as desired

vaginismus

involuntary muscle spasms in the outer part of the vagina that make intercourse impossible

paraphilias

sexual disorders in which unconventional objects or situations cause sexual arousal

fetishism

a paraphilia in which a nonhuman object is the preferred or exclusive method of achieving sexual excitement

voyeurism

desire to watch others having sexual relations or to spy on nude people

exhibitionism

compulsion to expose one's genitals in public to achieve sexual arousal

frotteurism

compulsion to achieve sexual arousal by touching or rubbing against a non consenting person in public situations

transvestic fetishism

wearing the clothes of the opposite sex to achieve sexual gratification

sexual sadism

obtaining sexual gratification from humiliating or physically harming a sexual partner

sexual masochism

inability to enjoy sex without accompanying emotional or physical pain

pedophilia

desire to have sexual relations with children as the preferred or exclusive method of achieving sexual excitement

Gender-identity disorders

disorders that involve the desire to become, or the insistence that one really is, a member of the opposite sex

Gender-identity disorder in children

rejection of one's biological gender in childhood, along with clothing and behavior society considers appropriate to that gender

personality disorders

disorders in which inflexible and maladaptive ways of thinking and behaving learned in early life cause distress to the person and/or conflicts with others

schizoid personality disorder

personality disorder in which a person is withdrawn and lacks feelings for others

paranoid personality disorder

personality disorder in which the person is inappropriately suspicious and mistrustful of others

dependent personality disorder

personality disorder in which the person is unable to make choices and decisions independently and cannot tolerate being alone

avoidant personality disorder

personality disorder in which the person's fears of rejection by others leads to social isolation

narcissistic personality disorder

personality disorder in which the person has an exaggerated sense of self-importance and needs constant admiration

borderline personality disorder

personality disorder characterized by marked instability in self-image, mood, and interpersonal relationships

antisocial personality disorder

personality disorder that involves a pattern of violent, criminal ,or unethical and exploitative behavior and an inability to feel affection for others

schizophrenic disorders

severe disorders in which there are disturbances of thoughts, communications, and emotions, including delusions and hallucinations

insanity

legal term for mentally disturbed people who are not considered responsible for their criminal actions

hallucinations

sensory experiences in the absence of external stimulation

delusions

false beliefs about reality that have no basis in fact

disorganized schizophrenia

schizophrenic disorder in which bizarre and child like behaviors are common

catatonic schizophrenia

schizophrenic disorder in which disturbed motor behavior is prominent

paranoid schizophrenia

schizophrenic disorder marked by extreme suspiciousness and complex, bizarre delusions

undifferentiated schizophrenia

schizophrenic disorder in which there are clear schizophrenic symptoms that don't meet the criteria for another subtype of the disorder

ADHD

a childhood disorder characterized by inattention, impulsiveness, and hyperactivity

Psychostimulants

drugs that increase ability to focus attention in children with ADHD

Autistic Disorder

a childhood disorder characterized by lack of social instincts and strange motor behavior

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