Medical Slang and Jargon

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56 terms · Medical slang and jargon

a-fib, A-fib, Afib

Atrial fibrillation (a severe cardiac arrhythmia).

alk phos

Alkaline phosphatase (a lab value for a chemical in the blood).

appy

Appendectomy or appendicitis (excision of the appendix or infection/inflammation of the appendix).

bicarb

Bicarbonate (one of the electrolytes, with sodium, potassium, and chloride).

bili

Bilirubin (a lab value for liver function testing).

CBC with diff

CBC (complete blood count) with differential (percentages of different types of white cells in the blood)

caps

Capsules (a form of medications).

cath

Catheter or catheterization (a tube or the placement of tubes in the body).

chemo

Chemotherapy (treatment with chemical compounds, usually referring to cancer regimens).

chole

Cholecystectomy (excision of the gallbladder).

crit

Hematocrit (test for packed red cells in the blood).

DC

Discontinue or discharge, past tense DC'd, sometimes dc/dc'd (acceptable in a clinic or nurse's note but not in a formal document).

detox

Detoxification (treatment for acute alcohol abuse or other drug overuse).

dig

Digoxin or digitalis; pronounced with a short I and g sounding like j (medication for cardiac problems.

dip sesta

Dipyridamole sestamibi (a nuclear x-ray exam).

double J stent

JJ stent (a surgical device for keeping tubes in place).

echo

Echocardiogram
(recording of heart function by analyzing sound waves).

eos

Eosinophils (white blood cells that are part of the CBC with differential).

exam

Examination (evaluation, as in physical examination or Mental Status Examination).

flex sig

Flexible sigmoidoscopy (inspection of the sigmoid, the S-shaped lower portion of the colon, with a flexible endoscopic instrument).

Foley

Foley catheter
(a catheter commonly used during surgical procedures for draining urine from the bladder).

HCTZ

Hydrochlorothiazide
(a medication for the control of hypertension and edema).

hem/onc

Hematology/oncology (the medical specialty that deals with cancer and blood problems).

hep C

Hepatitis C (A,B)

K

Potassium
(the chemical symbol for the element potassium. This is acceptable usage.)

KCI

potassium chloride ( the chemical formula for potassium chloride; it's often given to cardiac patients whoes potassium is depleted by diuretic medications such as Lasix. This is an acceptable usuage)

lac

Laceration (a cut produced by trauma).

lymphs

Lymphocytes (another type of white blood cell included in the CBC with differential).

lytes

Electrolytes (usually sodium, potassium, chloride, and bicarbonate; they are blood chemistries evaluated in laboratory studies).

mag

Magnesium (a chemical in the blood, also a medication given for some medical conditions, such as alcohol overdose).

meds

Medications (drugs given to patients; pharmacopeia).

mets

Metastases, singular met/metastasis (the spread of malignant neoplasm—cancer—from the primary site to one or more secondary sites).

migs

milligrams, written as mg ( metric unit of measurement, the most common form of drug dosage )

mikes

Micrograms, written as mcg (metric unit of measurement smaller than the milligram, also used in some drug dosages).

monos

Monocytes (white blood cells that are a part of the CBC with differential).

nebs

Nebulizers (an aerated form of medications given for pulmonary problems such as asthma).

neuro

Neurological or neuropsychiatry
(referring to the medical specialty or to the part of the physical exam that evaluates neurologic or central nervous

neuropsych

Neuropsychiatric or neuropsychiatry (pertaining to the study of the combination of neurology and psychiatry—often related, since both study brain function).

02 sat

Oxygen Saturation
(the amount of oxygen present in the blood; measured by pulse oximetry).

path

Pathology
(the study of the essential nature of disease, particularly as it relates to changes in tissues, organs, etc. Also the cause of disease.

perf

Perforation (a hole, as in a perforated eardrum or perforated bowel).

preop

Preoperative
(before an operation) Occasionally, but rarely, a dictator will use the term "preopped" (alternative spelling "preopp'd"). This is not really a short form for anytthing that can reasonably by expanded without rewriting the sentence. It is an example of a slang/jargon term that "more accurately communicates meaning" that any possible expansion of it would.

postop

Postoperative (after an operation).

prepped

Prepared (a short form commonly used in surgical reports; e.g., "The patient was prepped and draped").

psych

Psychiatry, psychology (the specialties that address the mind and mental processes).

pulse ox

Pulse oximetry (the process of determining oxygen saturation by use of machine measurements).

regurg

Regurgitation (flow in the opposite direction from normal, as in vomiting stomach contents or backward flow of the blood through vascular structures).

rehab

Rehabilitation (the process of restoring normal form and function after injury or illness by means of physical, psychosocial, vocational, or recreational activities).

sat

Saturation (a measure of the degree to which oxygen is bound to the hemoglobin in the blood; it is given as a percentage, and reflects pulmonary function).

sed rate

Sedimentation rate (a laboratory value related to the action of red blood cells).

segs

Segmented neutrophils (white blood cells that are part of the CBC differential).

t. bili

Total bilirubin (a bile pigment that is measured in liver function studies).

tabs

Tablets (a form of medication, pills).

triple A

Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA, a cardiovascular anomaly).

V-tach

Ventricular tachycardia (an increased ventricular heart rate).

voc rehab

Vocational rehabilitation (rehabilitation for those who need to retrain in a former or new vocation due to illness or injury).

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