Chapter 29-30 Study Guide

47 terms by epnowak

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

The industrial revolution began in

England

Crucial to industrialization in Great Britain was
A)accessible coal deposits.
B) colonial economies demanding manufactured goods in exchange for primary products.
C) mechanization of the cotton industry.
D) the invention of a practical steam engine.
E) all of the above

all of the above

The revolutions of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries helped to spread Enlightenment ideals and
A) encouraged the consolidation of national states.
B) strengthened the European control over South America.
C) repudiated socialist and communist philosophies.
D) resulted in the weakening of national states because of the growing emphasis on the individual.
E) gave complete freedom and equality to women.

A) encouraged the consolidation of national states.

4. Revolutionaries of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century
A) were able to destroy all vestiges of the ancient regime.
B) were mainly influenced by Karl Marx's philosophy.
C) focused on the principle of popular sovereignty.
D) accepted the legitimacy of the divine right of kings.
E) always stressed the inherent equality between men and women.

C) focused on the principle of popular sovereignty.

Both the American and French Revolutions were precipitated by

financial crises

Which of the following is not a correct pairing of inventor and invention?
A) James Watt and steam engine
B) Josiah Wedgwood and "mule"
C) John Kay and flying shuttle
D) John Bessemer and converter
E) Edmund Cartwright and power loom

B) Josiah Wedgwood and "mule"

After the end of the Seven Years' War,
A) the British began to lose control of their North American colonies.
B) the French proved to be much better for the colonies after the British left.
C) the French were forced to hand all of North America over to the British.
D) American colonists grew much closer to the British in appreciation for the British victory in the war

C) the French were forced to hand all of North America over to the British.

The Declaration of Independence's contractual view of political structure in which the government drew its authority from "the consent of the governed" was influenced by the philosophy of whom

John Locke

All of the following were principles built into the government of the newly formed American state EXCEPT
A) the equality of all inhabitants.
B) freedom from British control.
C) a written constitution that guaranteed personal freedoms.
D) a responsible government based on popular sovereignty.
E) the creation of a federal republic.

A) the equality of all inhabitants.

The leaders of the French Revolution
A) were much more conservative than the leaders of the American Revolution.
B) accepted the fact that France would always have to have a king.
C) called for a complete reorganizing of French politics, society, and culture.
D) created concepts and documents that would later influence the American Revolution.
E) gained the support of the Church against the aristocracy

C) called for a complete reorganizing of French political, social, and cultural structures

The ancient régime was

the old order in France that revolutionary leaders wanted to replace.

In August 1789, the National Assembly expressed the guiding principles of the French Revolution by issuing the

Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen

The guiding principles of the French Revolution were summed up in the phrase

liberty, equality, fraternity

The leaders of the Convention hoped to hold off invading counterrevolutionary forces by
A) calling for the levée en masse.
B) forming a military alliance with the new American republic.
C) restoring the power and position of the French monarchy and thus placating the other nations.
D) handing over their most radical leaders for public trial.
E) using new military technology purchased from the Ottomans.

A) Calling for the Levee en masse

The most radical period of the French Revolution was reached during the leadership of

Maximilien Robespierre.

Napoleon's Civil Code
A) gave absolute free speech to French newspapers.
B) was a modern restatement of Justinian's Corpus Iuris Civilis.
C) affirmed the political and legal equality of all adult men.
D) had at its core the radical measures of the Convention.
E) reduced patriarchal authority and gave more equality to women

C) affirmed the political and legal equality of all adult men

The only successful slave revolt in history took place in

Haiti

The creoles of Latin America were influenced by the ideals of the Enlightenment
A) and hoped for the establishment of an egalitarian society like Haiti.
B) but only wanted to displace the peninsulares and still retain their privileged positions.
C) but failed to implement reforms such as the abolition of slavery.
D) and hoped for revolutionary social change like the French revolution.
E) but wanted to carry these notions to their logical conclusion and grant equality to women.

B) but only wanted to displace the peninsulares and still retain their privileged positions

The goal of Simón Bolívar was to
A) form stable smaller South American states centered around distinct tribal or linguistic groups.
B) have the colonies of South America remained linked to Spain but attain a measure of self-government.
C) bring the former Spanish colonies of South America into union with the United States.
D) weld the former Spanish colonies of South America into a confederation like the United States.
E) bring about unification through a strict authoritarian form of government.

D) weld the former Spanish colonies of South America into a great confederation like the USA

Which of the following revolutionary leaders is not correctly linked with his country?
A) Bernardo O'Higgins and Chile
B) Toussaint L'Ouverture and Haiti
C) José de San Martín and Argentina
D) Augustín de Iturbide and Mexico
E) Miguel de Hidalgo and Peru

E) Miguel de Hidalgo and Peru

The only Latin American country to gain its independence as a monarchy was

Brazil

Which nineteenth-century writer promoted liberal ideals of individual freedom, universal suffrage, taxation of high personal income, and an extension of the rights of freedom and equality to women?

John Stuart Mill

William Wilberforce did what

abolished the slave trade

Which of the following events tended to facilitate the passage of legislation granting women's suffrage?
A) democratic revolution
B) world war
C) legal recognition of labor unions
D) colonial expansion
abolition of slavery and/or serfdom
E) abolition of slavery and/or serfdom

B) world war

Limits to population growth and productivity in preindustrial societies were primarily
A) financial.
B) cultural.
C) social.
D) political.
E) ecological.

E) ecological.

All of the following explain why the industrial revolution occurred first in England EXCEPT
A) coal deposits were plentiful and located near navigable rivers.
B) overseas colonies provided both new sources of raw materials and markets for manufactured goods.
C) strong consumer demand for cotton fabrics and clothing.
D) the development of a more efficient steam engine by James Watt.
E) free trade policies that maximized the comparative advantage of the British in the world economy.

E) free trade policies that maximized the comparative advantage of the British in the world economy.

The Luddites were

early 19th century artisans who were opposed to new machinery and industrialization

Beginning in the nineteenth century, industrializing lands experienced a social change known as the demographic transition when
A) mortality rates declined.
B) population increased dramatically.
C) fertility rates gradually decreased.
D) birth control came to be widely practiced.
E) all of the above

E) all of the above

Which previously crafted document had the greatest influence on the document above (Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen) ?
The Constitution of the United States of America
The Emancipation Proclamation
The Declaration of Independence
The Treaty of Westphalia
The Communist Manifesto

The Declaration of Independence

According to Karl Marx, the driving force of history is
national self determination.
the survival of the fittest.
the mutual destruction of oppressed and oppressor.
wars between nations.
conflict between those who labor and those who control the products of their labor.

conflict between those who labor and those who control the products of their labor.

In response to the Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen
a. the French revolutionary leaders called for complete equality for women.
b. its author, Olympe de Gouges, became a leading force in the French Revolution.
c. it was, in fact, the English who offered complete equality for women.
d. French women achieved political, but not economic, equality.
e. the French revolutionary leaders refused to put women's rights on their political agenda.

e. the French revolutionary leaders refused to put women's rights on their political agenda

The author of the Second Treatise of Civil Government was

John Locke

Which one of the following was not one of the basic ideals of the Enlightenment thinkers?
a. popular sovereignty
b. social contract
c. political equality
d. equality for women
e. individual freedom

d. equality for women

The main slogan for the colonies in the years leading up to the American Revolution was

"no taxation without representation"

The turning point in Napoleon's career was his disastrous 1812 invasion of

Russia

Napoleon's final defeat occurred at

Waterloo

While women in France and Latin America did not win the right to vote until after the Second World War, American and British women gained the franchise
a. in the decade following the American Revolution.
b. in the second half of the 19th century.
c. before the First World War.
d. during the First World War.
e. in the 1920s.

e. in the 1920s.

The author of A Vindication of the Rights of Women was

Mary Wollstonecraft.

The German leader Otto von Bismarck believed that the great issues of his day would be determined by

"blood and iron."

The industrial revolution began in

England

The British Calico Acts of 1720 and 1721
a. restricted British importation of cotton cloth to the Americas.
b. showed favoritism to cotton producers over wool producers.
c. prohibited the importation of cotton cloth.
d. required that a corpse be buried in a cotton shroud.
e. encouraged the importation of cotton cloth in an effort to boost British trade.

c. prohibited the importation of cotton cloth.

Edmund Cartwright was responsible for the invention of the

power loom

Henry Bessemer's innovations made it possible to produce cheaper

steel

The dominant form of industrial organization in Europe, the United States, and Japan by the end of the nineteenth century was
a. the putting-out system.
b. cottage industry.
c. the factory system.
d. the guild system.
e. a socialist-directed economy

c. the factory system.

In America the petroleum monopoly, Standard Oil Company was owned by

John Rockefeller

The author of the Manifesto of the Communist Party was

Marx and Engels

What did Marx refer to as the "opiate of the masses"?

religion

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set