Musical Theater Test 2

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False

T or F: Imported pieces frequently adapted the comedy for local taste by raising the level of the comedy

THE DOCTOR OF ALCANTARA

What piece, produced in Boston, was written by two immigrants, but is considered the first "American" piece to be produced?

Lavish Scenery and Scantily Clad Ladies

In the 1860s, successful shows in New York City had two elements in common. What were they?

THE BLACK CROOK

What production was the first LONG-RUNNING American hit and featured elaborate scenic effects and members of a French dance company?

ROBIN HOOD

What production featured an actress in the role of Alan-a-Dale singing "Oh, Promise Me?"

Pants role (Trousers role)

Alan-a-Dale is a _______ role because it features a woman dressed as a man.

ADONIS

What play featured Henry Dixey as "a pedestal dancer" and was about a statue come to life?

HARRIGAN AND HART

What comic duo used immigrant stereotypes for their comedy and were extremely "politically incorrect?"

Their "Mulligan Guards" routines

What were harrigan and hart most famous for?

A TRIP TO CHINATOWN

What production featured the hit songs "Reuben, Reuben," "The Bowery," and "After the Ball?"

EVANGELINE

What was the first international American hit (1874)?

THE BELLE OF NEW YORK

What was another international hit of the late 1890s?

Victor Herbert

What cellist for the Metropolitan Opera wrote BABES IN TOYLAND, THE RED MILL, and NAUGHTY MARIETTA?

George M. Cohan

What author of LITTLE JOHNNY JONES was the son of vaudevillian parents?

Patriotic

Cohan's material always had one characteristic throughout all his writing. Everything was very _________.

GIVE MY REGARDS TO BROADWAY and THE YANKEE DOODLE BOY

What were George M Cohan's two most popular songs:

Victor Herbert

Who was the most successful composer of American comic opera (American opera-bouffe)?

THE SERENADE and THE FORTUNE TELLER

What two pieces by Victor Herbert were NOT considered opera-bouffe?

THE MERRY WIDOW

What operetta written by Franz Lehar was originally produced in Vienna in 1905, but became a smash hit in both London and New York?

In Dahomey

It was written by mostly Black writers and songwriters for Black actors and singers.

BERT WILLIAMS and GEORGE WALKER

What comic duo was the in dahomey centered around?

Oscar Hammerstein II

Who wrote the script and lyrics for SHOW BOAT?

Jerome Kern

Who wrote the music for Show Boat?

producer

What did Florence Ziegfeld have to do with the original production?

A stevedore

What is someone who helps load and unload ships called?

The Black chorus and White chorus had equal time on stage; they appeared together and sang together.

SHOW BOAT broke ground in terms of its use of the choruses. What was unique about them?

THE COTTON BLOSSOM

What was the name of the show boat in SHOW BOAT?

SALLY

What musical written by Jerome Kern starred Marilyn Miller (of Ziegfeld Follies fame)?

Romantic Music

Rudolf Friml's ROSE MARIE was successful because of its _________ _____.

Improved libretti & uniquely American Music

What were the two main reasons that the American musicals of the 1920s became so popular?

IRENE

What musical by Harry Tierney established the beginning of "The Cinderella Era" in 1919?

ON YOUR TOES

Slaughter on 10th Avenue (Dance Sequence)

BABES IN ARMS

I Wish I Were in Love Again
Where or When
My Funny Valentine
Johnny One Note
The Lady is a Tramp

GIRL CRAZY

I Got Rhythm

OF THEE I SING

Love is Sweeping the Country

NO, NO, NANETTE

I Want to Be Happy, Tea For Two

MERCENARY MARY

The Continental

SHOW BOAT

Make Believe
You Are Love
Life on the Wicked Stage
Bill
Ol' Man River
Can't Help Lovin' That Man
The Cotton Blossom

SHOWBOAT

Magnolia Hawks
Cap'n Andy
Gaylord Ravenal

Georges Balanchine

Choreographer of ON YOUR TOES (notably "Slaughter on Tenth Avenue")

Ethel Merman

Star of GIRL CRAZY

Ray Bolger

Dancing star of ON YOUR TOES

Marilyn Miller

Star of SALLY

Rogers and Hart

Composer/lyricist team for BABES IN ARMS

George and Ira Gershwin

Composer/lyricist team for PORGY & BESS

Ethel Merman

Reno Sweeney in the original ANYTHING GOES

Kern and Hammerstein

Composer/lyricist team for SHOW BOAT

Cole Porter

Composer & Lyricist for ANYTHING GOES

George and Ira Gershwin

Composer/lyricist team for GIRL CRAZY

the preposterous libretti

What was the most important reason that Jerome Kern's musicals of the 1930s weren't as successful as Show Boat?

The shows they came from.

For the most part, we know specific songs from 1930s musicals that made it into the popular repertoire, but we no longer associate them with ___________________.

Jerome Kern

Who wrote "Smoke Gets in Your Eyes?"

Girl Crazy, Of Thee I Sing

George Gershwin had two successes in the 1930s. What were they?

It was a genuine American opéra-bouffe.

Why was Of Thee I Sing (1931) unusual for its time?

American politics.

What was the subject of Of Thee I Sing?

PORGY AND BESS, folk opera

In 1935 George Gershwin switched gears and wrote _______________, which is considered a _________________________.

no

Was Porgy & Bess a commercial success in its first run?

Radio City Music Hall

In 1983, a huge production of Porgy and Bess played what 6,000 seat theatre in New York City?

The Metropolitan Opera (NYC).

In 1985, Porgy and Bess entered the repertory of what company?

George Gershwin

Who wrote the music for Porgy & Bess?

Ira Gershwin
and DuBose Heyward

Who wrote the lyrics for Porgy and Bess?

He died ... in 1937.

What happened to George Gershwin two years after Porgy and Bess opened?

Romantic Musicals

Rudolf Friml and Sigmund Romberg were composers of __________ musicals.

9

How many productions did Richard Rodgers and Lorenz Hart contribute to Broadway in the 1930s?

On Your Toes
Babes in Arms

What two Rodgers and Hart shows from the 1930s are done the most today?

It has more Rodgers and Hart hits than any other of their musicals.

What claim to fame does Babes in Arms have?

Babes in Arms?

"I Wish I Were in Love Again"
"Where or When"
"My Funny Valentine"
"Johnny One Note"
"The Lady is a Tramp"

Ballet and Modern Dance

On Your Toes mixes two things together. What are they?

Georges Balanchine

Who choreographed On Your Toes

Ray Bolger

What actor/dancer was introduced in the show and is most famous for his portrayal of the Scarecrow in the movie version of The Wizard of Oz?

Cole Porter

Who was by far the most successful of the newer composers to arrive on the Broadway scene in the 1930s?

9

How many shows did sole porter write for Broadway between 1930 and 1939?

permissiveness and crazes (fads)

Mainly, though, Anything Goes is about __________ and ______________.

Improved Libretti American Dance Music

Why were the shows of the 1920s more popular?

NO, NO, NANETTE

What was the quintessential musical of the 1920s?

ANYTHING GOES

What was the quintessential musical of the 1930s?

IRENE

What show was the beginning of the "Cinderella Era?"

Harry Tierney

Who composed the music for IRENE?

sally

What was the name of the "Cinderella" musical written by Jerome Kern?

MERCENARY MARY

What was the biggest international success of an American musical comedy after NO, NO, NANETTE?

"The Continental"

It contained the first Oscar-winning song. What was it called?

a popular dance.

What was "The Continental?"

THE GIRL FRIEND and A CONNECTICUT YANKEE

What were the two most popular shows written by the team of Rodgers and Hart in the 1920s?

George Gershwin

Who wrote OH, KAY?

Gertrude Lawrence.

OH, KAY was written as a star vehicle for _______.

"Someone to Watch Over Me"

What was OH, KAY's most famous song?

The Marx Brothers

THE COCOANUTS and ANIMAL CRACKERS were written as star vehicles for ___________.

GOOD NEWS

What was the 1927 musical about college life?

The ROMANTIC MUSICALS

In the 1920s, what genre of musical theatre was just as popular as the musical comedies and used colorful times and places, dashing and dramatic tales, and a much wider musical palette?

ROSE MARIE

Rudolf Friml wrote a romantic musical set in exotic Canada and featured "Indian Love Call" and "Totem Tom-Tom." What was the name of the musical?

THE DESERT SONG
THE STUDENT PRINCE
THE NEW MOOM

Sigmund Romberg wrote three of the most popular romantic musicals of this period. What were they?

THE STUDENT PRINCE

Which is about a prince going to school in Heidelberg, Germany?

THE DESERT SONG

Which Sigmund Romberg romantic musical is considered the best of the genre?

THE NEW MOON

Which Romberg romantic musical contains more popularly known and loved songs than any other romantic musical of the period?

FALSE

Rudolf Friml's ROSE MARIE is considered a musical comedy. True or False?

THE MERRY WIDOW

Which show from Vienna was originally called "Die lustige Witwe" and was produced at the Daly's Theatre in London?

George M. Cohan

Who wrote LITTLE JOHNNY JONES?

THE SERENADE & THE FORTUNE TELLER

What two Victor Herbert light operas WEREN'T considered opera-bouffe?

VICTOR HERBERT

Who was the foremost composer in the field of Comic Opera?

SHOW BOAT

What musical's plot deals with the unaccustomed subjects of unhappy marriages, miscegenation, and the hard lives of African-American stevedors?

VICTOR HERBERT

Who was a champion of "comic opera" (opera-bouffe) and wrote BABES IN TOYLAND, THE RED MILL, and NAUGHTY MARIETTA?

THE SERENADE & THE FORTUNE TELLER

What were the two "serious" pieces Victor Herbert wrote that he did not consider "comic opera?"

Victor Herbert & John Philip Sousa

What two men championed the rights of composers to profit from their work and were instrumental in founding ASCAP (the American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers)?

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