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24 Hour Urine Collection

Lab medicine Urine collected in an exact period of 24 hrs, which may be indicated for arsenic, chloride and others analytes; 24HUs are collected in a large, lab-supplied container with preservatives

Abandonment

Abandonment is when the CNA does not finish an assignment and/or leaves work early without attending to their resident's needs. The elderly depend on others to help them do their Activities of Daily Living.

Abbreviations

A shortened form of a word or phrase.
The process or result of abbreviating.

Abdominal Thrust

quick, upward pulls into the diaphragm to force out an obstruction blocking the airway

Abduction

(physiology) moving of a body part away from the central axis of the body

Ability

the quality of being able to perform

Abuse

cruel or inhumane treatment

Abuse registry

Sometimes the
term is used to refer to a list of perpetrators of substantiated incidents of elder abuse that is
managed by APS and in many instances, used to determine whether those individuals should be
prohibited from working with certain vulnerable populations or in certain settings, such as a
nursing home.

Active Assisted Range Of Motion

the client has limited ability to move the extremities and needs some assistance.

Active Range Of Motion

the client is able to move the extremities (limbs) without assistance.

Acute

having or experiencing a rapid onset and short but severe course

Adaptive Devices

special equipment that helps a person who is ill or disabled to perform ADLs; also called assistive devices.

Adduction

(physiology) moving of a body part toward the central axis of the body

ADLs

activities of daily living

Adult Protective Services

Safeguards older people and dependent adults with disabilities who are in danger of being mistreated or neglected, are unable to protect themselves, or have no one to assist them.

Advance Directive

a document stating a person's wishes about health care when that person cannot make his or her own decisions

Alignment

the act of adjusting or aligning the parts of a device in relation to each other

Alveoli

tiny sacs of lung tissue specialized for the movement of gases between air and blood

AM care

Early morning care

Ambulate

walk about

Anemia

genus of terrestrial or lithophytic ferns having pinnatifid fronds

Anorexia

a prolonged disorder of eating due to loss of appetite

Anus

excretory opening at the end of the alimentary canal

Anxiety

a vague unpleasant emotion that is experienced in anticipation of some (usually ill-defined) misfortune

Apical

situated at an apex

Apnea

transient cessation of respiration

Arteries

blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart

artery

a major thoroughfare that bears important traffic

Asepsis

the process of inhibiting the growth and multiplication of microorganisms

Aseptic

free of or using methods to keep free of pathological microorganisms

Aspiration

Breathing fluid, food, vomitus, or an object into the lungs

Assault

a threatened or attempted physical attack by someone who appears to be able to cause bodily harm if not stopped

Assisted Living

facilities where residents live who need some assistance; they do not usually require skilled care.

Atrophy

any weakening or degeneration (especially through lack of use)

Axilla

the hollow under the arm where it is joined to the shoulder

Axillary

of or relating to the armpit

Bacteria

(microbiology) single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-shaped organisms lacking chlorophyll that reproduce by fission

Base Of Support

the area on which an object rests

Battery

an assault in which the assailant makes physical contact

Bed cradle

a frame used to prevent bedclothes from touching all or part of a person's body.

bed pan

is an object used or the toileting of a bedridden patient in health care facility, usually made of a metal, glass, or plastic receptacle.

Belief

a vague idea in which some confidence is placed

belonging

the need of individuals to feel that they are valued, respected & protected members of a community.

beside commode

Bedside commodes are chair-like toilets with a container below the toilet seat that slides out for cleaning. Often a commode has a toilet seat lid that can be left down when the commode is not in use.

Biohazard

any bacterium or virus or toxin that could be used in biological warfare

Bladder

elastic, muscular organ that holds urine until it leaves the body

Bladder retraining

a program of urinating on a schedule with increasingly longer time intervals between schedule urination; goal is the reestablish voluntary bladder control and to break the cycle of frequency, urgency and urge incontinence

Blood clot

the hard collection of fibrin, blood cells, and tissue debris that is the end result of hemostasis or the blood-clotting process

Blood pressure

the pressure of the circulating blood against the walls of the blood vessels

Blood sugar

glucose in the bloodstream

Bloodborne pathogens

disease-causing bacteria or viruses that are carried through the body in the blood or body fluids

Body language

communication via the movements or attitudes of the body

body mechanics

The proper use of the body to facilitate lifting and moving and preventing injury.

bony prominences

areas of the body where the bone lies close to the skin.

bowel movement

a euphemism for defecation

bowel obstruction

Bowel dilation due to mechanical blockage; may be small bowel or large bowel; the patient may have feculent and/or bilious emesis, inability to pass gas (flatus), distention, pain; causes include adhesions (most common), hernias, masses or tumors, volvulus, obstipation, and others

bowel retraining

process of assisting pts to regain control of their bowels

brachial artery

the main artery of the upper arm

bradycardia

abnormally slow heartbeat

bradypnea

slow breathing

brain

that part of the central nervous system that includes all the higher nervous centers

briefs

short tight-fitting underpants (trade name Jockey)

bronchi

two short branches located at the lower end of the trachea that carry air into the lungs.

call light

allows the patient to call for help

cane

a stick that people can lean on to help them walk

carbohydrates

the starches and sugars present in foods

cardiac

of or relating to the heart

cardiac arrest

absence of systole

care plan

A written plan for each resident created by the nurse; outlines the steps taken by the staff to help the resident reach his or her goals.

catheter

tube for injecting or removing fluids, A thin, flexible tube

centigrade

referring to a thermometer scale of 100 degrees where water freezes at 0 degrees and boils at 100 degrees

central nervous system

the portion of the vertebrate nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord

certification

validating the authenticity of something or someone

chain of infection

Infectious agent, reservoir, portal of exit, means of transmission, portal of entry and susceptible host.

cheyne-stokes

Periods of difficult breathing (dyspnea) followed by periods of no respirations (apnea)

choking

the act of suffocating (someone) by constricting the windpipe

chronic

being long-lasting and recurrent or characterized by long suffering

circumcised

Male infants - Part of the foreskin is cut away from the tip of penis. This is done for health and religious reasons.

clean

not spreading pollution or contamination

clean catch/midstream

used to collect a clean specimen for urinalysis and considered sterile, sometimes referred to as midstream specimen

clear liquid

generally liquids that you can see through, water, jello, tea coffee

clergy

A body of officials who perform religious services, such as priests, ministers or rabbis.

client

A person using the services of a professional person or organization.

cna

certified nursing assistant

colon

the part of the large intestine between the cecum and the rectum

colostomy

creation of an opening in the colon through the abdominal wall to create an abdominal anus allowing stool to bypass a diseased portion of the colon; performed to treat ulcerative colitis, cancer, or obstructions

communicable

(of disease) capable of being transmitted by infection

communication

the activity of communicating

competency evaluation

an exam consisting of a written portion and a skills portion that must be passed at the end of the nursing assistant training course to obtain certification

Condom catheter

an external catheter that has an attachment on the end that fits onto the penis; also called a Texas catheter.

confidentiality

discretion in keeping secret information

confusion

a mistake that results from taking one thing to be another

consent to release

When an organization collects personal information from an individual, most privacy legislation requires that an individual's consent be given so that an organization can collect, use, or disclose it. However, there are sometimes exceptions to this rule.

Information

knowledge acquired through study or experience or instruction

constipation

the act of making something futile and useless (as by routine)

contact precautions

practices used to prevent spread of disease by direct or indirect contact

contamination

the act of contaminating or polluting

contracture

an abnormal and usually permanent contraction of a muscle

cross contamination

the spreading of bacteria or other pathogens from one food to another

culture

the attitudes and behavior that are characteristic of a particular social group or organization

customs

what is considered normal and expected about the way people do things in a specific country

cyanosis

Bluish color of the skin, nail beds, and/or lips due to an insufficient amount of oxygen in the blood

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