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Midterm 1

Human agency

When individuals, either alone or in groups, question, challenge, resist, cope with, and sometimes change social structures and institutions. The concept of human agency confirms the fact that individuals are not helpless in the face of social structures.

Global apartheid

An international system of minority rule whose attributes include: differential access to basic human rights; wealth and power structured by race and place; structural racism, embedded in global economic processes, political institutions and cultural assumptions; and the international practice of double standards that assume inferior rights to be appropriate for certain "others," defined by location, origin, race or gender

Liberation sociology

The use of knowledge obtained from the study of society to challenge social structures which deny equal rights and opportunities to members of socially oppressed groups.

social location

One's position in society based on family background, race, socioeconomic status (SES), religion, and other relevant social characteristics.

social structure

Social structures are the underlying regularities in how people behave and interrelate with one another. Structure refers to those aspects of social life that appear to be beyond our control; outside constraints.

sociological imagination

the ability to grasp history and biography and the relations between the two within society

sociology

The scientific study of society: the scholarly discipline concerned with the systematic study of human social relations, groups, organizations, and societies; the study of group life and those aspects of individual lives that are affected by social interaction.

Structural violence

physical and psychological harm that results from exploitative and unjust social, political and economic systems.

Which of the following is an accurate description of sociology?

A) the systematic study of the relationship between the individual and society

the sociological imagination

is an awarenss of the relationship between individuals and the social forces that shape our lives

Divorce, unemployement, and rising gas prices can be viewed as

D. both private troubles and public issues

which of the following are the key components of the definition of sociology?

all of the answers are correct

the fact that more men than women survived the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami reveals

A the consequences of difference

a condition in which members of society have differing amounts of wealth, prestige, or power is referred to as

a social inequality

sociology is considered a science because sociologists

engage in organized and systematic study of phenomena to enhance understanding

which of the following would be the type of question a sociologist might ask in studying the global economic crisis that began in 2008?

how do the positions we occupy influence our experience of the crisis?

Emile durkheims explanation of sucide was scientific because

he developed conclusions based on systematic examination of data

which of the following is true about Harriet Martineau

both of the answers are correct

Durkheim was particulary concerned about

the loss of social order

karl marx was concerned about loss of control over our creative human capacity to produce, separation from the products we make, and isolation from our fellow workers, which he called

alienations

in karl marxs analysis social inequality is determined by

ownership or lack thereof of key material resources

max webers theory of power included

social status

web dubois investigated power and inequality based on

race

Ida wells barnett investigated power and inequality based on

gender and race

which of the following is true about Jane addams?

She used sociology as a tool to improve the lives of the urban poor

which sociological perspective would suggest that if an aspect of social life does not contribute to a societys stability, then it does not serve a useful function?

functionalist perscpective

which sociological perspective emphasizes the distribution of power and the allocation of resources?

conflict perspective

the statement "women who recieve welfare are less likely that other women to have babies is an example of

a hypothesis

in which type of sample does each member of the entire population have the same chance of being selected?

random sample

which of the following is true about a research design?

it is a detailed plan or method for scientifically obatining data

surveys most often represent______research, which collects and reports data primarily in numerical form.

quantitative

the midpoint, or number that divides a series of values into two groups of equla numbers of values is referred to as the

median

_____ research relies on what sociologist obseve in the field and naturalistic settings, often focusing on small groups and communities

qualitative

a sociologist decides to study the interaction among students in the college's computer center/ when the students realize they are under observation, they become shy and reserved in their interactions. this is an example of

the hawthorne effect

secondary analysis includes a variety of research techniques that use

previously collected and publicly accessible information and data

erving goffman's pioneerin exploration of how advertisements portray women as dependent upon men is an example of

content analysis

which of the following is a method through which culture is diffuesd?

all of the answers are correct

the physical or technological aspects of our daily lives are calld

material culture

which of the following is true about the sapir-whorf hypothesis

it argues that the primary role of language is to describe reality

whihc of the folllowing terms is not an example of the racial stereotypes transmitted by language?

black tie

a dominant ideology is a

set of cultural beliefs and practices that legitmates existing powerful social, economic, and political interests

which of the following constitues culture shock?

the feelings of disorientation, uncertainity, and eve fear that are experienced when people encounter cultural practices different from their own/

the tendency to assume that one's own culture and way of life represent what is normal or are superior to all others is call

ethnocentrism

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